Volume 18, Issue 1/3, 2008
Jan Srzednicki—Beyond Philosophical Paradigms
Epistemology After Wittgenstein or a General Theory of Action
The term “transcendental” means something which is a necessary and a priori condition of knowledge. In other words, “the transcendental” refers to all presuppositions of a knower who is ready for knowing. These presuppositions are sometimes called “epistemic assumptions”. The paper presents author’s interpretation of the knowledge necessary conditions. The theoretical background for this interpretation is Kazimierz Twardowski’s theory of actions and products, and John Searle’s theory of human action.