Volume 16, Issue 2, 2019
Conceptual History: China, Asia, and the Global
Scientism, Nationalism, and Christianity
The Spread and Influence of Kotoku Shusui’s On the Obliteration of Christ in China
Owing to Zhu Zhixin’s introduction and Liu Wendian’s translation, Japanese anarchist Kotoku Shusui’s On the Obliteration of Christ came to have a great impact on China’s Anti-Christian Movement following the May Fourth Movement. What these three texts oppose is not only Christian authority, but also political power. In a continuous line, these writings lay the basic framework for Chinese anti-Christian speech in the 1920s, as the combination of scientism and nationalism began to shape people’s perception of Christianity.