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Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology

Volume 10, Issue 2, 2013

Aesthetic Values and the Process of Civilization

A.A. Gede Rai Remawa, Imam Santosa, Biranul Anas Zaman
Pages 157-168
DOI: 10.5840/cultura201310219

Aesthetic and Space Concept of Visual Composition in Interior and Architecture of Bali Madya Dwelling

Global era is an era of acculturation which may surface difficulties due to the tendency of becoming global chaos that may influence people’s thought. Everyone has their own views and has made changes with their own worldview perception; hybrid and heterodox. Changes without wisdom will eliminate local elements. This phenomenon has influenced myriad forms of visual composition and architecture of Bali Madya dwelling. Balinese culture has gone through various changes since Rsi Markandeya in the 9th century, Empu Kuturan in the 10th century and Danghyang Nirartha in the 14th century. They changed many dwelling arrangements in architecture. Changes do not mean that one has to demolish the local indigenous elements but, instead, should attempt to develop various indigenous elements with the intention that the visual interior and architectural compositions have their own distinctive characters. In relation to that, aesthetic image and traditional space concept will be arranged in various kinds of acculturation in global visual forms. The dwelling space of Bali Madya concept was acculturated from the Bali Aga’s space concept during the era of Majapahit. This research is based on aesthetic and historical approach that stressed on the artistic aspects and design that are associated with aesthetic appeal. The analysis was done using observations of form and function including the meaning of space composition which was arranged to produce a proportionate composition with local images.