Catholic Social Science Review

Volume 17, 2012

Ernest A. Greco
Pages 311-319

Review Essay: Pius XII and the Battle for Rome

Robert Katz’s The Battle for Rome (2003) is an unfair indictment of Pope Pius XII. Through various distortions and oversights, Katz faults Pius’s “open city” strategy and his anti-communism for failing to protect the Jews and other Italians during the German occupation of Rome in World War II. In truth, the pope’s strategy was as successful as could reasonably be expected under the circumstances.