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91. Philosophy in the Contemporary World: Volume > 12 > Issue: 2
Catharine Abell The Public Cost of Private Ownership of Artworks
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I argue that artworks are of public value because aesthetic experience of them contributes to the development of our aestheticjudgement. I use two accounts of aesthetic judgement to explore how it might do so and how the private ownership of artworks could affect the development of our aesthetic judgement.
92. Philosophy in the Contemporary World: Volume > 12 > Issue: 2
Stephen Nathanson John Stuart Mill on the Ownership and Use of Land
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My aim in this paper is to describe some of John Stuart Mill’s views about property rights in land and some implications he drew for public policy. While Mill defends private ownership of land, he emphasizes the ways in which ownership of land is an anomaly that does not fit neatly into the usual views about private ownership. While most of MiII’s discussion assumes the importance of maximizing the productivity of land, he anticipates contemporary environmentalists by also expressing concerns about excessive exploitation of land for productive use. I extrapolate from these remarks to suggest changes that Mill might have favored regarding ownership rights ina world in which people aimed to decrease productivity. And, I suggest, it is a virtue of utilitarianism that it so readily supports changes in important principles when circumstances change significantly.
93. Philosophy in the Contemporary World: Volume > 12 > Issue: 2
Michael Monahan Private Property and Public Interest
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In this paper I explore the limitations of liberal political theory in relation to the notions of public property and public interest. I argue that the fundamentally atomistic and individualistic ontological foundations of the liberal tradition preclude any coherent notion of public goods and public interest.
94. Philosophy in the Contemporary World: Volume > 12 > Issue: 2
John Hadley Excluding Destruction: Towards an Environmentally Sustainable Libertarian Property Rights Regime
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In this paper I argue that the potentially environmentally destructive scope of a libertarian property rights regime can be narrowed by applying reasonable limits to those rights. I will claim that excluding the right to destroy from the libertarian property rights bundle is consistent with self-ownership and Robert Nozick’s interpretation of the Lockean proviso.
95. Philosophy in the Contemporary World: Volume > 12 > Issue: 2
Ronald Sandler Private Ownership and Common Goods
96. Philosophy in the Contemporary World: Volume > 12 > Issue: 2
David K. Chan Should Human Genes Be Patented?
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Is genetic technology a special case, for which patents are inappropriate? I discuss concerns about commodification of human genes that are the common heritage of humankind. Genetic technology has the potential to irreversibly change the basis of our humanity. Public ownership of genetic technology is a democratic alternative to patenting.
97. Philosophy in the Contemporary World: Volume > 12 > Issue: 2
Murray Hofmans-Sheard Preserving Common Rights Within Private Property: A Lockean Reconciliation
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I develop an account of private property that preserves public participation and access. A focus on the initial state of common ownership, labour, and the proviso reveals that standard Lockean defences of property ignore important common interests. In consequence, property rights over environmentally significant goods must be less strong than full liberal rights, and I show how these will be designed.
98. Philosophy in the Contemporary World: Volume > 12 > Issue: 2
Robert Streiffer An Ethical Analysis of Ojibway Objections to Genomics and Genetics Research on Wild Rice
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I analyze Ojibway objections to genomics and genetics research on wild rice. Although key academic and industry participants in this research have dismissed their objections out of hand, my analysis supports the conclusion that the objections merit serious consideration, even by those who do not share the Ojibway’s religious beliefs.
99. Philosophy in the Contemporary World: Volume > 12 > Issue: 2
Eric Palmer The Balance of Sovereignty and Common Goods Under Economic Globalization
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Common goods and political sovereignty of nation-states are intertwined, since without government the orderly treatment of common goods would be unlikely. But large corporations, especially global multinationals, reshape and restrict national sovereignty through economic forces. Consequently, corporations have specific social responsibilities. This article articulates those responsibilities as they pertain to managing common goods.
100. Philosophy in the Contemporary World: Volume > 12 > Issue: 2
Lawrence Lengbeyer Altering Artworks: Creators’ Moral Rights vs. The Public Good
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The grounds for recognizing that artists possess a personal “moral right of integrity” that would entitle them to prevent others from modifying their works are weak. There is, however, an important (and legislation-worthy) public interest in protecting highly-valued entities, including at least some works of art, from permanently destructive transformations.