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91. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1999
Virginia W. Gerde, Jeanne M. Logsdon Measuring Environmental Performance?: Use of the Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) and Other Environmental Databases in Business-and-Society Research
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This paper focuses on ways of measuring corporate environmental performance by examining the various databases that have become available during the 1990s. These include the Toxics Release Inventory and databases maintained by Kinder, Lydenberg, Domini, & Co., the Council on Economic Priorities, and the Investor Responsibility Research Center. We describe these databases and identify a number of improvements in measuring environmental performance that are becoming available.
92. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1999
Dallas Hanson, Kathy Gibson Resource Extraction in Remote Regions: Achieving the Momentum That Leads to Responsible Behaviour
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The Ok Tedi Mining Ltd mine in a remote region of Papua New Ginea has caused major social and environmental change in its area of operations. It is argued that this traditionally exploitative company was able to mine as they liked for a long period because of media framing of the issue was conventionally commercial and the locals powerless and passive stakeholders. This changed after locals increased their level of activism, mainstream environmental groups gathered and published information and media reframed the issues as an environmental disaster.
93. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1999
Michael V. Russo, Michelle A. Noble Antecedents of ISO 14001 Registration: An Exploratory Multi-Level Analysis
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One method of voluntary environmental regulation is registration under the international standards known as the ISO 14000 system. What are the determinants of registration under these standards, now in existence for nearly three years? Theoretical perspectives focused on the level of governmental units, industry, and the facility itself offer options to explain the registration phenomenon. We develop hypotheses that are consistent with these perspectives, and test them with a sample of electronics firms. We then analyze our results and identify areas ripe for research by scholars based in strategy, environmental management, and social issues in management.
94. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1999
Lise Langeland Superior and Sustainable Organizations: Seeking Integration Between the Fields of Corporate Management and Corporate Sustainability
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The article points to the kinship of the fields of corporate management and corporate sustainability through a presentation and discussion of some characteristics of superior organizations vs. sustainable organizations. The work is theoretical, using both primary and secondary literature, providing a basis for dissolving the clear cut distinctions and temper the contradictions between these fields. The comparison addresses the ideals and values underlying the various organizational ideals and the core elements of these. By focusing on the kindredness of corporate management and sustainability the ground can be set for a mutual agenda for change - beneficiary to both sides.
95. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1999
Knud Sinding, Robert Anex, Mark Sharfman The Firm and the Natural Environment: Uncertainty, Corporate Strategy and Public Policy
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Consideration of the natural environment gives rise to uncertainties for firms. These uncertainties are related to the state of the firms surroundings (business environment), to the impact of this inside the firm, and to the nature of response options available to the firm. These uncertainties have implications both for strategic decisions in firms and for the design of public policy.
96. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1999
Gérard Bekerman The euro: from political will to monetary realism
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The author analyses the process which has led to implementation of the euro, the single European currency. He highlights the possibility of reversibility if the convergence conditions are not respected. The practical problems of the euro are highlighted together with the risk of the system imploding. The role of the euro, as an international currency, parallel to that of the dollar, is examined.
97. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1999
Kathleen A. Getz, Roger J. Volkema Corruption in International Business: Model Development and Testing
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Recent growth in international bade has raised concerns about differing business practices which can impede commerce and economic development. The purpose of this study was to develop and test a model that integrates various socio-economic factors, including corruption, economics, culture and public bureaucracy. The analysis revealed several relationships among these variables. The implications of the results for predicting and enhancing the effectiveness of international anti-corruption agreements are discussed.
98. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1999
Gerhard Apfelthaler, Matthias Karmasin The Nature of International Work: A Research Proposal for a Replication of Mlntzberg in the Age of Globalization
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It’s been 25 years since Mintzberg published his classic study on the nature of managerial work. Since then, the globalization of business and workforce diversity have dramatically changed the conditions under which todays' managers operate. Although almost every textbook, monograph, article or research work calls out for more international minded and cross-culturally efficient managers, we still don’t know exactly what international managers really do. This paper calls for a replication of Mintzberg’s classic work in order to find out.
99. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1999
Joel D. Nicholson, Jennifer Kline, Yim-Yu Wong, Roblyn Simeon Contrasts in U.S. and Asian Gender Role Differentiation in the Workplace
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Dorfman and Howell’s (1988) reformulation of Hofstede’s (1980) masculinity/feminimty scale was used to contrast gender-role typing attitudes among Japanese, Chinese, and U.S. respondents. The data indicated a relatively higher degree of gender-role typing among the Chinese, less so for the Japanese, and the least among the U.S. sample. Notably, women were found to be less willing to accept work roles based on gender than were men in each country.
100. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1999
Sandra B. Rosenthal, Rogene A. Buchholz Business in its Global Environment: A Normative Pragmatic Perspective
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This paper presents a pragmatic framework for understanding the dynamics and moral dimensions of business in a global environment, showing the need for and nature of a true global community.