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81. ProtoSociology: Volume > 14
Thomas Baldwin Nearly Logic
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82. ProtoSociology: Volume > 14
James E. Tomberlin Logical Form, Actualism, and Ontology
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83. ProtoSociology: Volume > 14
Barbara Von Eckardt, Jeffrey S. Poland In Defense of the Standard View
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In Explaining Attitudes, Lynne Rudder Baker considers two views of what it is to have a propositional attitude, the Standard View and Pragmatic Realism, and attempts to argue for Pragmatic Realism. The Standard View is, roughly, the view that “the attitudes, if there are any, are (or are constituted by, or are realized in) particular brain states” (p. 5). In contrast, Pragmatic Realism that a person has a propositional attitude if and only if there are certain counterfactuals true of that person.Baker’s case against the Standard View is a complex one. One aspect of that case is that there are no good general arguments for the Standard View. We argue that one of the three she considers, an argument from causal explanation, can be defended. The problematic premise, according to Baker, is the claim that unless beliefs are [identical to, constituted by, or realized by] brain states, they cannot causally explain behavior. Baker tackles this premise in two ways: in Chapter 4, she attempts to undermine the brain-explain thesis by taking issue with the conception of causal explanation that she believes supports it; in Chapter 5, she argues against the brain-explain thesis directly, by attempting to show that it is false, whether or not the Standard View is true. Neither of these attempts are successful, on our view.The alternative version of the causal argument we develop uses the doctrine of physicalism as a supplementary premise rather than appeal to a reductive conception of causal explanation. After presenting this alternative version, we consider how Baker might respond to it by drawing on her discussion of materialism. We conclude that Baker’s argument against materialism does not generalize to physicalism as we construe it.
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84. ProtoSociology: Volume > 14
Arend Kulenkampff, Frank Siebelt What a Noncognitivist might tell a Moral Realist
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85. ProtoSociology: Volume > 15
Gerhard Preyer, Mathias Boes Introduction: Borderlines in Time of Globalization
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86. ProtoSociology: Volume > 15
Shmuel Noah Eisenstadt The Continual Reconstruction of Multiple Modern Civilizations and Collective Identities
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87. ProtoSociology: Volume > 15
Christopher Chase-Dunn Globalization: A World-Systems Perspective
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88. ProtoSociology: Volume > 15
Richard E. Lee After History?: The Last Frontier of Historical Capitalism
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89. ProtoSociology: Volume > 15
Thomas D. Hall World-Systems, Frontiers, and Ethnogenesis: Incorporation and Resistance to State Expansion
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90. ProtoSociology: Volume > 15
Gerhard Preyer Globalization and the Evolution of Membership
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91. ProtoSociology: Volume > 15
Barrie Axford Enacting Globalization: Transnational Networks and the Deterritorialization of Social Relationships in the Global System
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92. ProtoSociology: Volume > 15
Marja Keränen Citizenship, Universal-Speak, and Local-Speak
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93. ProtoSociology: Volume > 15
Mathias Bös Immigration and the Open Society: The Normative Patterns of Membership in the Nation State
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94. ProtoSociology: Volume > 15
Uta Gerhardt, Birgitta Hohenester A Transformation of National Identity?: Refugees and German Society After World War II
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95. ProtoSociology: Volume > 15
Christie Davies, Eugene Trivizas The Collapse of the National Morality and National Moral Boundaries of Small Peripheral Countries: not Globalisation but the Imposition of Liberty
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96. ProtoSociology: Volume > 15
Walter L. Bühl Former GDR between “Transformation” and “Social Evolution”
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97. ProtoSociology: Volume > 15
Ramón Grosfoguel ‘Cultural Racism’ and ‘Borders of Exclusion’ in the Capitalist World-Economy: Colonial Caribbean Migrants in Core Zones
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98. ProtoSociology: Volume > 15
F. Peter Wagner Beyond “East” and “West”: On the European and Global Dimensions of the Fall of Communism
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99. ProtoSociology: Volume > 15
Francisco Entrena Socio-Economic Restructurings of the Local Settings in the Era of Globalization
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100. ProtoSociology: Volume > 15
George N. Schlesinger Critical Review: ProtoSciology, Vol. 12, 1998-Special Edition: After the Received View. Developments in the Theory of Science
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