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81. Phenomenology 2005: Volume > 2 > Issue: Part 1
Julia Valentina Iribarne Edmund Husserl: On the Foundations of Ethics
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Th is essay deals with the foundations of ethics in Edmund Husserl’s thought. Th e first concern takes into account his idea of reason and its capability of shaping praxis. A historical approach shows an enrichment of the starting point in which ethics is seen in parallel with logic. In the last period of Husserl’s meditation, the corresponding texts surprisingly manifest that, although Husserl often deals with important ethical issues, he does not refer to ethics explicitly. The kernel of this last topic examines the meaning of Husserl’s concept of teleology and asks whether teleology can be thought of as a new foundation of ethics.
82. Phenomenology 2005: Volume > 2 > Issue: Part 1
Zelijko Loparic, Roberto Walton Preface for all volumes + Introduction
83. Phenomenology 2005: Volume > 2 > Issue: Part 1
Adrian Bertorello Narrative Time of Philosophy: Heidegger’s Long Way Hermeneutics
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The purpose of this paper is twofold. On one hand, it attempts to show the narrative aspect of Heidegger’s philosophy from 1919 on to the publication of Sein und Zeit (1927). It leans, as an instrument of analysis, on G. Genette’s narrative theory. The narrative condition of Heidegger’s philosophy can be expressed as a homodiegetic analepsis. On the other hand, the paper attempts to discuss the distinction introduced by Ricoeur between a short way for hermeneutics (Heidegger’s way) and a long way (Ricoeur’s).
84. Phenomenology 2005: Volume > 2 > Issue: Part 1
Andre de Macedo Duarte Becoming Other: Heidegger and the Trace of a Post-Metaphysical Ethics
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Criticizing traditional interpretations that stress the “existential solipsism” of the resolute Dasein, this essay emphasizes the Heideggerian contribution to the question of otherness in Sein und Zeit. The key to uncover the post-metaphysical ethical dimension of Heidegger’s existential analytic is to be found in the theoretical articulation established between the phenomenological analyses of anguish and the call of conscience. My contention is that resolute Dasein already carries within himself the strange appeal of otherness, which, in turn, is the existential condition for the acknowledgment of the other as other.
85. Phenomenology 2005: Volume > 2 > Issue: Part 1
Zeljko Loparic Heidegger on Anthropology
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Based on Sein und Zeit (1927) and on Zollikoner Seminare (1987), the present essay reconstructs some aspects of Heidegger’s proposal for a scientific anthropology as a general framework for the development of a science of healthy human beings as well as for the Daseinsanalytic account of human pathology and therapy. Thomas Kuhn’s concept of paradigm is used as a guiding idea in reconstructing Heidegger’s, scattered and unsystematic remarks.
86. Phenomenology 2005: Volume > 2 > Issue: Part 1
Rosemary R.P. Lerner 'ό ἄνθρωπος άριθμητίζει': Intuitive Finitude and Symbolic Infinitude in Husserl’s Philosophy of Arithmetic
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Since its inception, Husserl’s phenomenology oscillates between a positive valuation of technical calculus in order to compensate for the limited capacity of human beings, and a denunciation regarding the blindness that its extraordinary development has brought about regarding the true nature of scientific and philosophical thinking, in their sense as logos. Likewise, regarding intuition phenomenology oscillates between on one side a positive valuation of the foundational and authentic character of the basic intuitive representations and, on the other, the observation of their radical fi nitude. This paper explores some salient features of these oscillations.
87. Phenomenology 2005: Volume > 2 > Issue: Part 1
Carlos Belvedere The Reach and Limits of Social Phenomenology: Schutz’ Work Revisited
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A reading of Schutz’s work shows that phenomenology has found serious obstacles for a proper understanding of the social. It has often undertaken the study of the social by focusing on four fundamental fields: community, history, lifeworld, and action. It has adequately attempted to establish each of these spheres. But has phenomenology accurately accounted for the social? We recognize in Schutz’s work two different ways of exploring the social: a non-phenomenological ontology and a hermeneutical path which draws more on structural linguistics than on phenomenological hermeneutics. Nevertheless, Schutz’s work provides essential elements for reestablishing social thinking upon a more strict phenomenological foundation.
88. Phenomenology 2005: Volume > 2 > Issue: Part 1
Cecilia Monteagudo Phenomenological Attitude and Hermeneutical Attitude in the Philosophy of Hans-Georg Gadamer
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Th is paper relates to the recent attention to Husserlian influence on Hans-Georg Gadamer’s hermeneutics, and purports to show how it is related not only to in conceptual and methodological debt, but also a source of inspiration for hermeneutics as the art of listening and to be ready to acknowledge but not to own the truth. We claim that although Gadamer does not subscribe the project of transcendental phenomenology, he does accept the vital attitude and ethical exigency of Husserl’s proposal, especially regarding the future of science and the European humanity. In that sense, this paper will show this Husserlian influence on the themes of the linguistic plurality that characterizes our “life in the language” and the need to develop a ecumenical and dialogical thought in order to cope with the challenges of this new century.
89. Phenomenology 2005: Volume > 2 > Issue: Part 2
Rosana Déborah Motta The Time of Socialization in Alfred Schutz’s Work
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The purpose of this paper will be the elucidation of the basic structure of socialization. Socialization is temporarily constituted by a first original moment, which as such is also generative; this offers the possibility of a systematic analysis of the different degrees of the pure form of social phenomena. This work will actually focus on the exegesis of time as the basic structure of socialization, beginning at the pure We-relation in order to found the possibility of creating ontology of social phenomena, which we think has always been present in Alfred Schutz’s work.
90. Phenomenology 2005: Volume > 2 > Issue: Part 2
The Chronicle of Latin American Phenomenological Organizations
91. Phenomenology 2005: Volume > 2 > Issue: Part 2
Luis Román Rabanaque Why The Noema?
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After almost forty years of debate, the question is asked again: Why the Noema? We will try to advance an answer on the basis of: 1) Th e historical background of Husserl’s attempt to overcome Cartesianism; 2) The structure of the noema’s transcendence and ideality, which in turn leads to focus anew on the controversy between “traditional” and “analytic” interpretations; 3) Noematic constitution understood not as yielding “entities” but as a “network” of levels and strata, which include the role of the living body and the genetic dimension, both concerning primary passivity in the living present and secondary passivity or habituality.
92. Phenomenology 2005: Volume > 2 > Issue: Part 2
María Lucrecia Rovaletti The Constitution of the Object in Phobic Experience
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Phobia constitutes an anguishing fear, unrestrained by the presence of an object, a situation or a person that do not have an objectively dangerous character. Rather than interpreting the choice of something as a phobic-like object as psychoanalysis does, phenomenology sets aside all theories and tries to reach the structure of the ego so as to point out the dimension of existence there. Anguish permeates existence and exposes it to a threat that alters the relationship with the world, i.e., a world that one believes potentially hostile, does not let one live in a banal way, and leads one to the lack of mundane aspect.
93. Phenomenology 2005: Volume > 2 > Issue: Part 2
Roberto J. Walton Sense-Transmission and the Problem of Analytic Verification
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Sense-transmission has been highlighted as one of the main lines of inquiry to be followed after the breakthrough into transcendental life. In this paper, I first examine sense-transmission both in the natural and transcendental attitudes, and its role in the self-overstepping of egology. Second, I consider its relevance in overcoming the limitation to present others and problems linked to the sense-origin of the notion. Third, I analyze particularization and wholeness in the transmission of sense. Finally, I discuss the “analytic verification” of a transcendental intersubjective zone of absence with the aim of disclosing a fourfold structure, the moments of which reflect four dimensions of the intersubjective horizon. Th e guidelines are afforded by Eugen Fink’s projects for Edmund Husserl’s systematic work and the reworking of the Cartesian Meditations, published in the supplement volume to the Sixth Cartesian Meditation.
94. Phenomenology 2005: Volume > 2 > Issue: Part 2
Antonio Zirón Quijano About the Notion of Phenomenology, One More Time
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Given the well-known fact of the ambiguity of the very term “phenomenology” and the lack of a unique notion of phenomenology, the paper invites the Organization of Phenomenological Organizations to an attempt at a dialogue among phenomenologists about the very notion that supposedly unites the members of those organizations or the organizations among themselves. In this trend, the paper prolongs reflections of the author concerning a first negative condition for the notion of phenomenology - namely, the rejection of the identification of the idea of phenomenology with the call “Back to the thing themselves” and the “Principle of all principles” - and discusses this identification in works by Jean-Francois Lavigne (Husserl et la naissance de la phenomenologie (1900-1913)) and Michel Henry (Quatre principes de la phenomenologie).
95. Phenomenology 2005: Volume > 2 > Issue: Part 2
Pepi Patrón Arendt and Gadamer: Attempt at a Dialogue
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Th e paper seeks to establish a dialogue between two 20th century philosophers for whom language, or more specifically dialogue, is the founding element of their understanding of human beings and the human world. As they both refer their work back to the phenomenological tradition and anchor many of their proposals in the Aristotelian practical philosophy, the lack of dialogue between them is somewhat surprising. Th e purpose of this brief communication is to set the grounds for what the author hopes will be a fruitful exchange. Th e paper will examine it on the basis of the concepts of plurality, language and the importance of judgment, the latter understood in the Kantian sense.
96. Phenomenology 2005: Volume > 2 > Issue: Part 2
Notes on Contributors
97. Phenomenology 2005: Volume > 2 > Issue: Part 2
Germán Vargas Gullén Phenomenological Description of Pain: On the Intropathic Experience of Pain
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This brief research turns on two questions: 1) What does the Husserlian renovation of monadology consist in; 2) Is it possible to feel another’s pain? In its two different formulations, as I understand it, the problem is only one: Is it possible to get an access to another’s experiences? This question, which appears over and over again, has an affirmative answer within itself: the possible achievement of human communication and, beyond it, the foundation of the social sciences. With a negative answer we find instead the definitive entrenchment in solipsism.
98. Phenomenology 2005: Volume > 5 > Issue: Part 1
Scott D. Churchill Experiencing the Other within the We: Phenomenology with a Bonobo
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In this article I will consider, both theoretically and experientially, an improvisational style of comportment by means of which one can enter into a potentially meaningful exchange or Ineinander with animal others. In such moments of communicative comportment, it would be appropriate to say that one is utilizing empathy as an investigatory posture—as a way of “feeling into” the gesticulating body of the other, and possibly even “seeing into” the other’s world. As a reference point for reflection, I will draw upon my encounters over the course of a decade with bonobos held in captivity at the Fort Worth Zoo.
99. Phenomenology 2005: Volume > 5 > Issue: Part 1
Lester Embree, Thomas Nenon Preface for All Volumes + Introduction to Volume V: Phenomenology across Disciplines in North America at the Beginning of the 21st Century
100. Phenomenology 2005: Volume > 5 > Issue: Part 1
Enku Mulugeta Assefa Inside and Outside in Wright’s Fallingwater and Aalto’s Villa Mairea
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This article uses two seminal 20th-century houses—Frank Lloyd Wright’s Fallingwater and Alvar Aalto’s Villa Mairea—to examine the natural symbol of inside and outside which for phenomenological philosopher Karsten Harries (1988, 1993, 1997) is one crucial lived relationship sustaining successful architecture and place.