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81. Dialogue and Universalism: Volume > 15 > Issue: 1/2
Beata Stawarska Philosopher and Dispassionate Scientist
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Philosophia means love of wisdom. If the way of access to wisdom is love, then the quest for wisdom does not appear as a purely cognitive enterprise but also and primarily as an affective one. Rather than reducing the one who searches for wisdom to a pure contemplative mind, it engages the entire person in the inquiry; the affective, and correlatively, sensitive and corporeal being of the self are put into play. Put simply and naïvely, one needs to be implicated in the philo-sophical quest with one’s heart and one’s body. Still, does not such implication prevent this quest from being “scientific”? Should not the inquiry be dispassionate if it is to remain “objective”, for otherwise it may obscure the hypotheses we formulate and the experiments we perform with subjective, personal input and cloud them with a halo of affective indeterminacy? After all, the thesis of objectivism stipulates that we should efface not only all preconceptions andpresuppositions in order to have an unprejudiced view of the matter in hand, but also dispose of the entire affective baggage of the individual engaged in a scientific enterprise. This procedure of bracketing of affectivity allows one to scrutinize the object of study from the standpoint of an external observer who adds nothing to the object in order to let its inherent character manifest itself. Hence the supposed detachment and disinterest typical of the strategies employed by science, living and inanimate beings alike being all ranked amongst possible objects for study.
82. Dialogue and Universalism: Volume > 15 > Issue: 1/2
Our Contributors
83. Dialogue and Universalism: Volume > 15 > Issue: 1/2
Sonja Servomaa Nature of Beauty—Beauty of Nature
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In this essay I wish to discuss the theme of wisdom from within the field of aesthetics and to present the aesthetics of Japanese flower art of ikebana, kadô, as an example. Concepts of nature, beauty and wisdom will be related to each other: we have plenty of knowledge of nature, but we need deep wisdom to understand nature of beauty, and spiritual wisdom to see and enjoy beauty of nature. Through flower art of ikebana I search to discover the essence of beauty of nature, a path to wisdom within the saying “See beauty in nature, cultivate elegance in spirit”.
84. Dialogue and Universalism: Volume > 15 > Issue: 1/2
Paul M. Schafer After Darwin: Myth, Reason, and Imagination
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This paper argues that Darwin’s theory of evolution by natural selection offers the tools to break free from the present impasse in order to rebuild philosophy and regain the love of wisdom. Indeed, I want to suggest that evolutionary theory provides the basis for a new, demythologized rationality, and opens the door to the wonder of human imagination.
85. Dialogue and Universalism: Volume > 15 > Issue: 11/12
Andrew Targowski The Future of Civilization
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This paper investigates the future of civilization in terms of its threats and possible solutions. The future of human civilization may enter a stage of crisis in the 2050–2500 years if the known reserves of the strategic resources will be depleted. Even worse, about the year 5000 all potential reserves of the strategic resources will be used up, if the population will grow constantly. The solution, which can prevent this decline, at least at its current pace, is in the development of the Universal Civilization, which should minimize conflicts and trigger dialog within mankind for its good sake. In this approach one can seek the development of wise humans, who will be able to self-sustain their civilization. Otherwise our time is limited and we will not survive our knowledge, which we have been developed so far and may look as a lost time. This grand issue defines the philosophical inquiry—what to do to survive? Has any effort sense, if we know that the Sun will stop heat us and afterwards the Earth will be a dead planet?
86. Dialogue and Universalism: Volume > 15 > Issue: 11/12
Charles Brown VIIth World Congress of ISUD, Hiroshima 2007
87. Dialogue and Universalism: Volume > 15 > Issue: 11/12
First International Bilingual Summer Seminar, August 6–13, 2006, Ancient Olympia, Greece
88. Dialogue and Universalism: Volume > 15 > Issue: 11/12
Editor Universalization of Polish and European Dialogues
89. Dialogue and Universalism: Volume > 15 > Issue: 11/12
Józef L. Krakowiak Polishness and the Warsaw Uprising in Dialogue and Universalism and the Dialogue Library
90. Dialogue and Universalism: Volume > 15 > Issue: 11/12
Andrew Targowski Has Futurism Failed?
91. Dialogue and Universalism: Volume > 15 > Issue: 11/12
Edward Demenchonok Discourse Ethics and International Law
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This essay combines information on the recent ISUD Sixth World Congress Humanity at the Turning Point: Rethinking Nature, Culture, and Freedom and some reflections inspired by presentations and discussions at the congress. It is focused on the presentation of one of the keynote speakers, Karl-Otto Apel, entitled “Discourse Ethics, Democracy, and International Law: Toward a Globalization of Practical Reason”. Apel argued that the transcendental-pragmatic foundation of morality serves as the ultimate basis for the universal conception of law, e.g., of human rights. It establishes the transcendental basis of the idea of democracy, and at the same time establishes a regulative principle for a possible critique of the democratic states. Apel discussed the question of a political order of law able to represent the idea of human rights. In his approach to it, he referred to Kant’s idea of “a federation of free states” (as opposite to a “world state”) in the solution of the problem of a cosmopolitan system He noticed the tension between two orientations of international law: one towards “human rights” and hence a cosmopolitan law of single citizens and the other towards the sovereignty of single states. He asserted that the universal conception of law cannot be reduced to the legislative autonomy of any state. Consequently, the universal conception of human rights cannot be adequately realized either by particular democratic states or by a world state as a despotic superpower. Apel concluded that an adequate institution for the current debate regarding the issues of global peace and security can only be a federation of nations like the UN, the meta-institution of global discourse and the political representation of international law. At the heart of the essay is Kant’s cosmopolitan ideal and its relevance for today’s discussions about peace and security. Attention is paid to the attempts to rethink Kant by Karl-Otto Apel, Jürgen Habermas, Jaques Derrida, Martha Nussbaum, and David Held, among others. Some of the authors indicate the tension between the sovereignty ofstates and the universality of human rights. Other authors criticize cosmopolitanism as overly unifying in contrast to the socio-cultural diversity of societies. The essay draws a contrast between two tendencies concerning international relations. One is the current neoconservative course toward American domination throughout the world. An alternative to this is the philosophers’ call for “the cosmopolitan model of democracy” and strengthening the network of transnational grass-roots movements and international institutions, including the UN.
92. Dialogue and Universalism: Volume > 15 > Issue: 11/12
Walter Wiesław Gołębiewski Polish Nationality as a Concept of Nationhood, as Viewed From Immigration Experiences
93. Dialogue and Universalism: Volume > 15 > Issue: 11/12
George F. McLean Poland’s Contribution to a Contemporary European Civilization: From Abstract Universal to Global Cultural Dialogue
94. Dialogue and Universalism: Volume > 15 > Issue: 11/12
Andrzej Walicki Adam Mickiewicz and the Philosophical Debates of His Time
95. Dialogue and Universalism: Volume > 15 > Issue: 11/12
Walery E. Choroszewski Rejection of Yalta Agreement by the Polish Governments in Exile as an Element of Struggle for Universalism (Abridged)
96. Dialogue and Universalism: Volume > 15 > Issue: 11/12
Our Contributors
97. Dialogue and Universalism: Volume > 15 > Issue: 11/12
Eugeniusz Kabatc Polishness in the Prewar Eastern Territories
98. Dialogue and Universalism: Volume > 15 > Issue: 11/12
Werner Krieglstein The Roots of Philosophy
99. Dialogue and Universalism: Volume > 15 > Issue: 3/4
Stephanie Theodorou Rethinking the Relation between Mythos and Logos: An Aristotelian Reappraisal of Paul Ricoeur’s Theory of Metaphor
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In this essay, I will show one way in which Ricoeur utilizes Aristotle’s discussions in Rhetoric and Poetics; I will take my point of departure from his hermeneutic theory of metaphor. Here, he reverses the Aristotelian intention by blending the domains of discourse we call mythos and logos in a way which suggests that the latter is subsumed by the former. While one can argue that the two are co-emergent processes, Ricoeur’s formulation undermines one side of the dialectic between them.
100. Dialogue and Universalism: Volume > 15 > Issue: 3/4
Willis H. Truitt, Galina Iachkina The Destruction of Reason
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It is obvious that scientific knowledge continues its progress in spite of the limitations placed on it by Kuhn’s paradigm theory, and as we have seen, Kuhn admits this progress and seeks to explain it. Scientific discoveries occur almost weekly as we acquire greater and greater knowledge of the world, society, and ourselves. Yet society does not progress; it stagnates and sometimes regresses. Why is it that the vast knowledge we have accumulated is not extended to the improvement of human societies? Why has this humanistic project of the Enlightenment been abandoned?