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61. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 13 > Issue: 1
Stefan Gandler The Concept of History in Walter Benjamin’s Critical Theory
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The point of departure of this study is Walter Benjamin’s last text, “Theses on the Philosophy of History.” Benjamin appeals to the significance of theology for historical materialism in order to overcome one of the decisive reasons why Marx’s unique theoretical project, in its positivistic interpretations, was not understood with the necessary radicality and had been in danger of losing its explanatory power and revolutionary impulse. The necessity of looking back to the past constitutes the basic theme of the study, and it is analyzed at the epistemological, ontological and political levels. The view backwards is also necessary because the past shows how all its atrocities, which we think have been overcome, may at any time return in a way which we are unable to imagine.
62. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 13 > Issue: 1
Abby Wilkerson “Obesity,” the Transnational Plate, and the Thin Contract
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This article explores how the notion of obesity as health problem (1) functions to obscure or justify global inequities related to food production and access and (2) indicates still deeper problems of injustice and the neglected role of embodiment in analyses of justice and injustice, and notions of political subjecthood. Food, the need to eat, and the food system shape social existence profoundly yet are underexplored in philosophy, especially political philosophy. Drawing on disability theory and food studies, this article uses the crisis of body weight to explore relationships between neoliberalism, transnational capitalism, the industrialized agro-food system, and world health. Obesity discourse spotlights lifestyle choices of individuals, casting women especially as making irresponsible decisions for their families. A politically informed (and more medically sophisticated) perspective suggests that the real crisis is a social pact, which I term the ThinContract, predicating personhood and full social inclusion on body type.
63. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 13 > Issue: 2
Michael Philip Brown Recognition of the Other and Our Requirements to Kill: Thoughts on The Chickenhawk Syndrome
64. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 13 > Issue: 2
Joshua Rayman Entrenched: A Genealogy of the Analytic-Continental Divide
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The conventional view is that analytic philosophy has dominated American philosophy departments since 1950 and that continental philosophy and pragmatism have been marginalized almost out of existence due to philosophical inferiority or McCarthyist persecution. But a precise historical treatment of transformations in the field shows that this is, in fact, the golden age of continental philosophy and pragmatist scholarship, that McCarthyism had nothing to do with pragmatism’s fall from dominance, and that the shape of the field depends more on larger academic-historical trends. However, McCarthyism likely had lasting effects on analytic control of powerful qualifying institutions.
65. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 13 > Issue: 2
Anatole Anton The Twilight of Martial Liberalism: Reflections on Cheyney Ryan’s The Chickenhawk Syndrome
66. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 13 > Issue: 2
Harry van der Linden A Note from the Coordinator
67. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 13 > Issue: 2
Cheyney Ryan Under Discussion: The Chickenhawk Syndrome: War, Sacrifice, and Personal Responsibility
68. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 13 > Issue: 2
Cheyney Ryan Replies to Anatole, Michael, and Harry
69. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 13 > Issue: 2
Harry van der Linden From Combat Boots to Civilian Shoes: Reflections on The Chickenhawk Syndrome
70. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 13 > Issue: 2
Peter Gratton Editors’ Introduction
71. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 13 > Issue: 2
Richard Ganis Caring for Nature in Habermas, Vogel, and Derrida: Reconciling the Speaking and Nonspeaking Worlds at the Cost of “Re-enchantment”?
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En rapport with Jürgen Habermas, this paper argues for an environmental ethics that formalistically links the “good-for-nature” to the communicatively conceived “good-for-humanity.” This orientation guards against the possibility of humanity’s “knowledge-constitutive interest” in the instrumentalization of the environment being pressed forth as a project of limitless domination and mastery. Such an ethics is nonetheless well supplemented with Axel Honneth’s idea of an “indirect” recognitional attitude toward the world of objects, which accommodates the impulse of “care” for nature without succumbing to the aporias of a naturalistic ethic. The essay contends that the categorical resources needed to avert the slide toward naturalism are dissolved in the antifoundationalist “critiques of nature” advanced by Steven Vogel and Jacques Derrida.
72. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 14 > Issue: 1
Randall Williams The Ballot and the Bullet: Anti-Juridical Praxis from Malcolm X and Nelson Mandela to the Bolivarian Revolution
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This essay examines multiple iterations of anti-juridicalism in relation to shifting forms of postwar imperialism and decolonization. The anti-juridical designates a differential political praxis of rights and law grounded in conditions of subalternity and revolutionary struggle. It stands in opposition to the abstract, neutraluniversality advanced by dominant theories of liberallegalism and hegemonic conceptions of the rule of law. In contemporary modalities, anti-juridical praxis serves as a necessary, critical supplement to the articulation of constituent power in the postcolony with profound implications for constructing a state of law and justice, and for building of a new internationalism of peoples.
73. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 14 > Issue: 1
Elizabeth Purcell Fetishizing Ontology: Julia Kristeva and Slavoj Žižek on the Structure of Desire
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Recently Slavoj Žižek has critiqued certain "feminist" readings of Lacan's feminine structure of desire, including Julia Kristeva, for postulating a feminine discourse which is supposedly beyond the phallic economy. This paper defends Kristeva's position, both by noting how Žižek Hegelian ontology prevents him from utilizing the resources of sexual difference and by clarifying Kristeva's double account of maternity. One consequence of this investigation is that a Kristevean theory of desire will provide one with a new form of political intervention by isolating sites of resistence that Žižek disavows. Another consequence is a refiguration of "feminist" psychoanalytic practice.
74. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 14 > Issue: 1
Sebastian Purcell Two Paths to the Ontological Turn: Alain Badiou and Slavoj Žižek on Events and Politics
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Discourses on the “event” today mark a profound opportunity for philosophic thought to change direction in its focus, particularly for those interested in the prospect of rehabilitating the communist hypothesis. Of the thinkers that have come to write on this topic Alain Badiou and Slavoj Žižek have emerged as leading the way. Their joint proposal aims to subvert the need for epistemological reflection by (re)turning to a totally new sense of ontology, one that results in a new account of revolutionary, or “evental,” political action. Yet while animated by a joint aim, both thinkers propose utterly distinct paths to their conclusion: Žižek proposes a "finite" account of evental change, Badiou an "infinite" account. The aim of the present essay is thus to evaluate these competing claims, and it is argued that while Žižek's work is laudable in many respects, it nevertheless fails to grasp the full scope of Badiou's critique of finitude. Žižek's proposed revival of Post-Kantian Idealism, then, is exposed as highly problematic, so that the only reasonable path for philosophic thought is to follow Badiou's turn to infinite thought in some way.
75. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 14 > Issue: 1
Robert C. Perez Guantánamo and the Logic of Colonialism: The Deportation of Enemy Indians and Enemy Combatants to Cuba
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The creation of the prison camp at the U.S. naval base in Guantánamo Bay, Cuba is part of a historical continuity of colonialism on the island. Over two hundred years before the United States sent the first "enemy combatants" to Cuba, the Spanish Empire began sending "enemy Indians" to the island. The rationales and circumstances that gave rise to the prison complex in Guantánamo share much in common with those that motivated Spain to imprison Apaches and other Native people on Cuba. This essay argues that the policies of both Spain and the United States have roots in a similar logic of colonialism.
76. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 14 > Issue: 2
Jason Del Gandio Rethinking Immaterial Labor: Communication, Reality, and Neo-Radicalism
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Working from the post-Workerist tradition, this essay re-specifies the phenomenon of immaterial labor. Immaterial labor is not simply a mode of work relevant to the information-based global economy. Instead, immaterial labor is inherent to the human condition: human beings materialize realities through the immaterial means of communication. This ontological approach to immaterial labor enables us to rethink the radical project: rather than trying to “change the world,” we are now called to create alternative realities that resist the subjugation of our immaterial laboring. Since we are all immaterial laborers, we all have a stake in revolutionizing our realities. This essay provides a preliminary sketch of this political philosophy.
77. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 14 > Issue: 2
Lucius T. Outlaw, Jr. On Tommy Curry’s “On Derelict and Method”
78. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 14 > Issue: 2
Jose-Antonio Orosco Aliens and Neighbors: Jane Addams and the Reframing of “Illegal” Immigration
79. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 14 > Issue: 2
Tommy J. Curry It’s Still Black in the Details: Reflections on Robert Birt’s Interrogation of “On Derelict and Method”
80. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 14 > Issue: 2
Carlos Alberto Sánchez On Documents and Subjectivity: The Formation and De-Formation of the Immigrant Identity