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61. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 11 > Issue: 2
Marilyn Nissim-Sabat Coming Out of the Closet: Phenomenology, African Studies, and Human Liberation
62. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 11 > Issue: 2
63. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 11 > Issue: 2
Chad Kautzer On Capitalism’s New Esprit
64. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 11 > Issue: 2
Laurie Shrage Will Philosophers Study Their History, Or Become History?
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This paper contends that philosophers should consult the work of intellectual historians, who write on the history of the social formation of philosophy in the U.S., in order to understand our past role in American society and our intellectual niche in the academy. By understanding the history of our field as a social and cultural phenomenon, and not as a set of ideas that transcend their human contexts, we will be in a better position to set a future course for our discipline.
65. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 11 > Issue: 2
Kevin Gray Habermas and Religion
66. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 11 > Issue: 2
Richard A. Jones, Harry van der Linden Editors’ Introduction: Radical Metaphilosophy
67. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 11 > Issue: 2
Chad Kautzer, David Harvey Class, Crisis, and the City: An Interview with David Harvey
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The following interview was conducted on July 13, 2009 at the JFK Institute for Graduate Studies, Freie Universität in Berlin, shortly after a conference, entitled “Class in Crisis: Das Prekariat zwischen Krise und Bewegung,” at which Harvey delivered a keynote address. The conference, organized by the Rosa Luxemburg Foundation, engaged the political, socio-economic, and conceptual dimensions of the so-called precariat class. The precariat (das Prekariat or la précarité) is typically defined by short-term employment, persistent marginalization, and social insecurity—something of a fragmented urban underclass whose precariousness is increasingly evident in traditionally middle-class economic life. While the concept of the precariat has yet to take root in English-language social theory, the work of Loïc Wacquant (who also delivered a keynote at the Berlin conference), for example, has been popularizing it.
68. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 11 > Issue: 2
Jérôme Melançon The Political Action of Thinking: On Merleau-Ponty and Bourdieu’s Interventions
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By looking at the manner in which Maurice Merleau-Ponty and Pierre Bourdieu have sought to understand the political nature of their work and explained their interventions in political affairs, this article defines the action they saw as possible and necessary for intellectuals. As it can only involve others, this action can take the form of dialogue and explanation or of a collective intellectual. In the texts where they reflect on their political involvement outside of parties and government, both authors assert the impossibility to evade politics. By comparing their positions, we begin to develop a critical phenomenology.
69. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 11 > Issue: 2
Conference Announcement
70. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 11 > Issue: 2
Jacob Held Axel Honneth and the Future of Critical Theory: A Survey Concerning Critical Theory’s Continued Dialogue with Liberalism
71. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 12 > Issue: 1/2
Kenneth W. Stikkers The “Art of Living”: Aesthetics of Existence in Foucault and American Philosophy
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In volumes two and three of The History of Sexuality, Michel Foucault recovers an ancient ethical tradition of “aesthetics of existence,” or “art of living”—the “elaboration of one’s own life as a personal work of art”—centered on the notion of “care of the self.” This ethic invites one to think of one’s life as one’s primarywork of art, and hence is a matter strictly of personal choice and freedom, while the codified ethics characterizing Christianity and modernity are matters of universal obligation. The paper demonstrates 1) that the “art of living” has been a central theme in the American philosophical tradition at least since Thoreau, 2)that many of the positive features of Foucault’s presentation of such an ethic are found throughout that tradition, and 3) that the American tradition, especially Dewey, resolved more successfully than Foucault some of the problems in aesthetics of existence.
72. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 12 > Issue: 1/2
Brian Elliott Debord, Constant, and the Politics of Situationist Urbanism
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In the first years of its existence between 1957 and 1960 the efforts of the radical collective the Situationist International (SI) centred on its program of “unitary urbanism.” This program sought to challenge the functionalist character of hegemonic forms of urban planning through novel practices of urban experimentation and contestation. Situationist urbanism arose largely through the collaboration between Guy Debord and the Dutch avant-garde architect Constant. This article explores the political dimension of situationist urbanism and the tensions that led to Constant’s secession from the group in 1960. Through analysis of the affinities and divergences between urbanism in its modernist and situationist forms a case is made for the crucial contribution situationist practices might make to the restoration of public space as a vital arena of contemporary political contestation and community.
73. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 12 > Issue: 1/2
74. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 12 > Issue: 1/2
Nicholas Reynolds Family, Inner Life, and the Amusement Industry
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I critically engage Max Horkheimer’s “Art and Mass Culture” from Critical Theory. I split Horkheimer’s essay into three parts, which correspond to the three sections of my essay. The first section details the objective historical conditions that have lead up to Horkheimer’s diagnosis. The second section describes the change in consciousness that corresponds to these conditions, and the third section outlines Horkheimer’s critique of Mortimer Adler and art that belongs to “the amusement industry.” I describe the basic elements of Horkheimer’s aesthetic theory, use several pieces of art as examples of the application of the theory, andprovide contemporary analogues in order to illustrate the relevance of the essay to today’s world.
75. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 12 > Issue: 1/2
Doug Morris Mystic River’s Blood-Dimmed Tide
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This chapter interrogates Hollywood film as a powerful public pedagogical machine and as an influential component of the broader media culture, that serves as a primary terrain where the authority of violence and the violence of authority expresses, justifies, and legitimates itself in the U.S. Allegiances to, identifications with, beliefs in, desires for, and attitudes about violence, authority, militarism, and power are largely constructed, imbued, directed and shaped through dominant media formations as they create images and spectacles of violence, either real or fabricated. During a time of continuing imperial aggression, expanding Pentagon budgets, increased international violence, growing authoritarian tendencies, and when an “imperially ambitious” United States has embarked on what Anatole Lieven calls a policy of “unilateral global domination through absolute military superiority,” the inculcation into the mass consciousness of the justification for, identification with, acceptance and pursuit of mass violence through military aggression becomes all the more crucial.
76. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 12 > Issue: 1/2
Scott Zeman By Grace of Broken Skin: An Aesthetics of Inscriptive Development
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I address the question of the origins and historical meaning of art. Analyzing suggestions from Marx, Derrida, Winnicott, and Todorov, I claim that art doesn’t simply represent conscious, historical events but is also the continuing presentation of the prehistorical break-up of our “original” human family. Indeed,perpetuating yet distancing this archaic scene of community and violence in tension, art performs this mediation not just in history but also as history, as a secretive historiography of splitting and meaning-making. To this end, I analyze some tribal tattooing and scarring practices. Literally carving a world of metaphorical significance out of our disidentification with mother nature and with each other in turn, art speaks hieroglyphically of persistent primitive loss.
77. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 12 > Issue: 1/2
Anne F. Pomeroy, Richard A. Jones Editors’ Introduction
78. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 12 > Issue: 1/2
Gertrude Postl From Gender as Performative to Feminist Performance Art: Judith Butler and Valie Export
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Judith Butler’s idea of gender as performative (introduced in Gender Trouble and now a commonplace in feminist theory) is brought into dialogue with feminist performance art (exemplified by Valie Export, the Austrian media- and performance-artist). Butler’s claim that gender is performative and that it can be changed only through a parodic repetition of performative acts is revisited through the lens of Export’s subversive performance pieces. This “interaction” between theory and art practice shall highlight the political potential of Butler’s work and serve to expand her notion of parody as it pertains more directly to women and the female body.
79. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 12 > Issue: 1/2
Michael Minch, Clifton Sanders Democracy as Music, Music as Democracy
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In this paper we argue that there are valuable consonances between democratic theory and music theory, and between democratization and musical performance and enjoyment. We suggest that this connection is not as trite as it may first appear, but that, since democracy is learned and practiced in a myriad ofways, music is one such place to learn democratic citizenship. The paper begins with a normative account of democratic theory that is present in two movements. The first, “foundations,” explicates the essential components, criteria, and conditions of democracy. The second, “flows,” addresses the dynamism of democratization. Here is an account of what democracy looks like in action. We then turn to an explication of music theory and improvisation. Here, we focus on jazz as a way to hear the kind of interplay, responsiveness, accountability, discipline, and extemporaneousness that occurs in good jazz, and in authentic (radical) democracy.
80. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 12 > Issue: 1/2
Call For Papers