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61. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 18
Msgr. Robert J. Batule In Memoriam: Rev. Msgr. Eugene V. Clark (1926–2012)
62. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 18
Carmine Gorga A Three-Part Proposal for Investing Hoarded Cash
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In this article, the author makes a proposal, based upon Concordian economics—which stresses cooperative effort and concern for the good of the community—to stimulate investment, without government stimulus packages or “bailouts,” so as to bring the U.S. out of its current relative economic stagnation.
63. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 18
About the Authors
64. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 18
Kevin Schmiesing The Transformation of the American Democratic Republic: A Historical Critique
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Stephen Krason’s The Transformation of the American Democratic Republic, argues that the American nation has drifted far from the principles of its founding. This historical critique questions some of the details of Krason’s account, observing that the claims of some of the secondary sources on which he relies are open to dispute. Notwithstanding these details, Krason’s overarching thesis is historically sound and its important message deserves wide attention.
65. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 18
Stephen M. Krason Our Founding Fathers, Religion, and Religious Liberty
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Stephen M. Krason presented this talk at the “Stand Up for Religious Freedom” rally in Buffalo, New York on June 8, 2012. It was one of many that were held around the U.S. that day, to show opposition to the attempt by the Obama administration’s Department of Health and Human Services to mandate that religious entities provide free contraceptives (including abortifacients) and sterilization procedures in their health insurance programs.
66. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 18
Joseph A. Varacalli The Birth, Near Death, and Possible Resurrection of the American Experiment
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This article first summarizes the thesis of Stephen M. Krason on the historical transformation of the American Democratic Republic. It then builds on the Krason thesis by providing an introductory analysis of two dysfunctional sectors of American life that must be addressed and corrected if the civilization is to be revitalized. These problematic sectors involve cultural and institutional-organizational life. Solutions can be provided through a Catholic sociology whose work in analysis and social policy formulation is led by the principles of the natural law and Catholic social thought.
67. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 18
Marie I. George Environmentalism and Population Control: Distinguishing Pro-Life and Anti-Life Motives
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Environmentalists commonly offer three motives for why human populations need to be reduced or stabilized. One group maintains that human numbers threaten natural goods that should be preserved: biodiversity and ecosystems. A more extreme group maintains that we are taking up more than our fair share of the planet, eliminating species that have just as much right to be here. A third group advocates controlling human populations in order to prevent the environment from being degraded to the point that it harms people. I intend to examine in light of Catholic social teaching whether these proposed motives for controlling population are always anti-life.
68. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 18
Stephen Nakrosis The Ethics of Speculation in the Works of Oswald von Nell-Breuning
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The Jesuit theologian and economist, Oswald von Nell-Breuning (1890–1991), struggled with the question of how the conscientious Christian could properly use financial tools, including speculative trades. One of Germany’s most-respected economists during his lifetime, Nell-Breuning’s observations of the market span his 100-plus years, from the heady years prior to the Great Depression to the more modern and global financial markets of the late twentieth century. This paper will introduce some of his ideas regarding speculative trades, discuss his conclusions regarding the morality of speculative transactions, and attempt to apply his ideas and observations to the modern financial sphere.
69. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 18
Bishop William Francis Murphy The Social Initiatives of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops
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From its beginning, the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops (USCCB) has been concerned with promoting Catholic social teaching (CST) in the American context. A review of the recent history and trajectory of the conference’s statements suggests that the bishops are likely moving away from an approach that stresses the bishops’ role as collectors and promoters of expert opinion on specific economic policy, and toward a more restrained role as teachers of the principles of CST—a move that is based theologically in the teachings of Vatican II on the respective roles of clergy and laity. [The following is a revised version of an address delivered to the Society of Catholic Social Scientists Annual Conference, New York, October 27, 2012. Updates have been added within the endnotes.]
70. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 18
Stephen Charles Kokx Colleen Carroll Campbell, My Sisters the Saints: A Spiritual Memoir
71. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 18
Joel Clarke Gibbons The Natural Need for Public Standards: The Case of Marriage Law
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The conventional defense of same-sex “marriage” is that it frees men and women to choose the way they define marriage, but that calls for something that is quite impossible because marriage is a social reality. Like all such products of socialization, it is learned behavior, and it is learned from the established cultural norms. When we contemplate marriage, we confront an institution that we do not define for the simple reason that it does not matter to the individual what he means by marriage, what matters is what his or her mate means by marriage. That shared value is by necessity learned because it is a commitment that cannot otherwise be communicated in a credible way.
72. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 18
Bruce P. Frohnen The Problem with Empathy: Constitutional Agnosticism, the Rights of Conscience, and the Quest for Community
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The Obama Administration’s contraceptive mandate, requiring all but the most insular religious organizations to pay the costs of a practice their religious tenets explicitly reject, raises fundamental issues regarding the rights of conscience in the contemporary United States. This article examines recent attempts to defend religious liberty on the grounds that the state should take care not to violate the rights of individual conscience. The problem with such an approach, this article argues, is that, in the name of a justice system more sensitive to individual beliefs, it further erodes the rights of religious associations to act on the common beliefs of their members, undermining believers’ ability to actually act according on their faith.
73. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 18
Clement Anthony Mulloy John A. Ryan and the Issue of Family Limitation
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One of the most prominent Catholic social thinkers of the twentieth century, Msgr. John A. Ryan, devoted significant attention to the issues of birth control and family limitation. Although he is well known for his writings on labor and wages, scholars have paid less attention to Ryan’s work on birth control. He deliberately employed a strategy of concentrating on contraception’s harmful effects on society, and his effort represents an important early twentieth-century attempt to persuade the American public of the Catholic viewpoint on a matter of major political and cultural importance.
74. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 18
Adam Tate South Carolina Catholics and the Know Nothing Challenge: The Charleston Elections of 1855
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South Carolina Catholics defended themselves against the nativist attacks of the Know Nothings during the 1855 Charleston city elections by portraying themselves as loyal southerners and Americans. During the political battle, a number of South Carolina Democrats rose to defend their Catholic neighbors from nativist attacks. By the end of the election cycle, South Carolina Catholics had adopted a critique of centralized state power that gelled with broader Carolinian political concerns, bringing them closer to the South Carolina political and cultural mainstream.
75. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 18
Samuel Gregg In Memoriam: Rev. Rodger Charles, S.J. (1929–2012)
76. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 19
L. Joseph Hebert Response to Gary Glenn and Kenneth Grasso: Tocqueville, Catholicism, and the Art of Being Free
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This paper discusses the erosion of the conditions of American civic education and engagement described by Tocqueville, the connection between Tocqueville’s understanding of democracy and the teachings of the Catholic Church, and the contribution of both civic and religious decline to the threat of democratic despotism as discussed by Gary Glenn and Kenneth Grasso in their symposium papers. It concludes by asking what students of Tocqueville and of Catholic social doctrine can learn from one another about questions of God, human nature, and the proper influence of the social state on our understanding of moral and political duties and rights.
77. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 19
Kenneth L. Grasso Catholicism and “the Great Political Problem of Our Time”: Tocqueville, Vatican II, and the Problem of Limited Government in the Age of Democracy
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This essay compares the reflections of Tocqueville and the Second Vatican Council on the perils of modern civilization as they relate to the question of limited government. While their analyses diverge in some respects, both Tocqueville and the Council are concerned about the proclivity of the modern state to absorb all of human life and see this political danger as the expression of a deeper crisis prompted by the secularization of Western culture. Convinced that this threat cannot be addressed at the political level alone, both conclude that the principle of limited government cannot be successfully institutionalized absent a far-reaching religious renewal. In Tocqueville’s famous formulation, “despotism can do without faith, but not liberty.”
78. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 19
Richard S. Myers Charles E. Rice, Right or Wrong? 40 Years inside Notre Dame
79. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 19
Joshua Schulz Christopher Kaczor, A Defense of Dignity: Creating Life, Destroying Life, and Protecting the Rights of Conscience
80. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 19
Brian Jones Aristotelian Political Philosophy, the Wise Many, and Catholic Social Teaching
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In order for individual Catholics to be able to properly comprehend, articulate, and prudentially apply certain foundational components of Catholic social teaching, they need to have a sound grasp of classical political philosophy, particularly as it has come to us through Aristotle. Aristotle’s political thought helps to provide a strong foundation for understanding man’s life as a political animal while simultaneously acknowledging that man’s ultimate destiny is apolitical. Specifically, the convergence of Aristotle’s thought and Catholic social teaching can be seen in, but is not limited to, the following areas: the goodness of political society and authority, choice of regime, and the transpolitical character of the faith. These points of Aristotelian political philosophy, often misunderstood in light of modern liberalism, can assist Catholics in bearing public witness to the essential relationship between faith and political life, since the goodness of political life must be aligned with the truth of who man is, something that both Aristotle and Catholic social teaching rightly affirm.