Displaying: 61-70 of 1948 documents

0.061 sec

61. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1999
Gregory M. Reichberg Conducting Business Amidst Human Rights Abuses: Some Lessons from the Just-War Tradition
abstract | view |  rights & permissions
This paper raises a set of ethical questions that business leaders can ask themselves when deciding to operate in nations with grave violations of human rights. These questions are drawn from the tradition of moral inquiry known as "just war" (bellum justum). This tradition has devised a set of criteria helpful in organizing our ethical thinking about war. This paper transposes these criteria to the distinct, but related, domain of international trade.
62. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1999
Marshall Schminke Considering the business in business ethics: The effect of organizational size and structure on individual ethics
abstract | view |  rights & permissions
This paper explores the relationship between organizational size, structure and the strength of organization members’ ethical predispositions. It is hypothesized that individuals in smaller, more flexible, organic organizations will display stronger ethical predispositions. Survey results from 209 individuals across eleven organizations indicate that contrary to expectations, larger, more rigid, mechanistic structures were associated with higher levels of ethical formalism and utilitarianism.
63. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1999
Mark S. Schwartz The Nature of the Relationship Between Corporate Codes of Ethics and Behaviour
abstract | view |  rights & permissions
The study found that codes of ethics are a potential factor influencing the behaviour of corporate agents. Reasons are provided why codes are violated as well as complied with. A set of eight metaphors are developed which help to explain how codes of ethics influence behaviour.
64. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1999
Arthur H. Shacklock Ethical Decision Making in Human Resource Management: A Study of Human Resource Practitioners in the South Australian Public Sector
abstract | view |  rights & permissions
The public sector internationally has been undergoing major change in recent years. In the field of Human Resource Management these changes have involved many new challenges facing the Human Resource Practitioner (HRPs), in dealing with the substantial ethical issues which can arise.This study involved a survey of HRPs in South Australia to ascertain the degree to which ethical dilemmas had increased for them in frequency and complexity. The study also sought insights into the likely action choices that HRPs would make in handling various situations involving an ethical judgement. Further measures were taken to assess their levels of self-efficacy towards certain ethical scenarios (15 in all). Finally, a replication of the Ethical Climate Questionnaire (ECQ) developed by Victor & Cullen (1988) was included in the study.
65. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1999
George W. Watson, Stephen Papamarcos, Maureen Bezold Social Capital: The Dilemma Of Contending Ideologies In Pluralistic Societies
abstract | view |  rights & permissions
This paper reviews some common perspectives on social capital and begins an investigation into the theoretical and empirical role of contending ideologies in the development of social capital
66. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1999
Bill Shaw, Laura P. Hartman Sweatshop Ethics: Balancing Labor Rights with Economic Development
abstract | view |  rights & permissions
At the close of the twentieth century, sweatshop labor remains an integral part of the world economic order. Is it always appropriate to condemn sweatshop labor? Might these practices be suitable, if not desirable, in particular economic and social settings? Is it exploitative if labor has alternative choices but freely chooses the sweatshop instead?These questions do not have easy answers. Economic analysis of developing economies presents fascinating arguments for the existence of some "sweatshop" conditions in order to allow those economies to progress. The elimination of sweatshop labor may not be warranted by economic development and their complete eradication may be only a pipe dream, but then are certain positive measures that can be taken without the dire economic consequences that are commonly attributed to interventions.This paper presented at the IABS '99 conference considered the adverse nature of sweatshop practices, address and critically examine the macroeconomic implications of sweatshops in developing economies, and balance these potentially positive consequences with ethical imperatives. The result of this examination is a prescription (if not a motivation) for organizations that choose to do business in economies based on sweatshop conditions. Alternative means exist by which to conduct business ethically in sweatshop economies. As a result of the space limitations of these proceedings, only certain sections of that original paper will be included herein and the endnotes have been removed. For a copy of the entire paper, please contact the authors.
67. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1999
Susan R. Jones The Case of SiNGA: Assessing a Four-Year Intervention
abstract | view |  rights & permissions
This paper describes an interdisciplinary intervention of George Washington University faculty and students in business, engineering and law to assist a job training program in the fashion industry, evaluates the experience and identifies various support systems to encourage the sustained benefits of cross school alliances. Graduate school intervention to facilitate the competitive advantage of the inner-city is gaining prominence nationally, in academe, and in state and local governments. The competitive advantage of the inner city advanced by Harvard Business School Prof Michael Porter is a new model of economic development that recognizes the unique strengths of urban areas, specifically, strategic location, local market demand, integration with regional business clusters and underutilized human resources. Faculty and students in disciplines such as business, law and engineering can use their skills to provide research and development consulting deliverables that would not otherwise be available to urban entrepreneurs. These cross school collaborations have enormous potential yet there is limited scholarship to chronicle how these strategies are actually working.
68. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1999
Monica Rivera Dean An Inner-City Business Development Strategy for Washington, D.C.-Based Graduate Business Schools
abstract | view |  rights & permissions
The Initiative for a Competitive Inner City (ICIC) is a national, not-for-profit organization founded in June 1994 by Harvard Business School Professor Michael E. Porter, following several years of pioneering research on inner-city business and economic development. The ICIC mission is to build healthy economies in America's inner cities that create jobs, income, and wealth for local residents. The National Business School Network (NBSN), a program of ICIC, engages America’s urban graduate business schools to foster inner-city business development and serve inner-city based companies in their communities. This paper reports on a project the NBSN undertook in 1998 with the Washington, D.C., Department of Housing and Community Development to create an inner-city business strategy for area graduate business schools. The report illustrates initial benchmark data that mapped graduate business school programs that aid Washington, D.C.'s inner city. The author also provides recommendations to further their participation and the development of a citywide effort to collaborate on inner-city business development projects.
69. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1999
Mark Glazebrook Corporate Citizenship and Action Research An Australian Perspective
abstract | view |  rights & permissions
In an article entitled 'A Price on the Priceless' from the Economist 18/6/99, the value of business is argued as lurking not in the physical and financial assets but in the intangibles of knowledge and ideas. Sharing similar thinking, Microsoft's boss Bill Gates recently was quoted as saying "our primary assets which are software and software development skills, do not show up on the balance sheet".But are knowledge and ideas the only intangibles on which businesses should be valued? What about relationships or partnerships? This question seems to highlight the very essence of the corporate citizenship debate and the need to better understand it through research.
70. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1999
Peter Dahler-Larsen, Nobuyuki Chikudate, Jerry Calton, Diane Swanson Deconstructing Donna: European Critical Theory Perspectives On Donna Wood's Corporate Social Performance Model