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41. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 11
Andrew M. Essig Pope John Paul II and the New International Order
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This article addresses the topic of a new international order conceived of by the late Pope John Paul II. This order is not “new,” however, but goes back to the beginnings of his pontificate. The development of this new order will be considered. Some attention will also be given to the Holy See’s efforts to propose a different alternative to the “war on terrorism” by creating a more peaceful order based on the concepts of human dignity, development, solidarity, and the rule oflaw. Ultimately all nations are called to the duty of creating peace, with special emphasis placed upon the United Nations and international law.
42. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 11
William J. Atto Christopher Dawson and Catholic Education in America
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The eminent historian of culture, Christopher Dawson, believed America possessed a unique opportunity in the aftermath of two world wars to revitalize Christian education and help stave off the disintegration of Western civilization. Only an authentic effort to recover the historic reality of Christian culture would ensure that Europe, and thus the west, regained the viable unifying principle of a common spiritual outlook.
43. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 11
Eric Gudan Beyond Extrinsic Forgiveness: Recognizing the Dignity of the Offender
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Anger, a natural response to injustice, becomes resentment when the anger is maintained, for any of a variety of reasons. While both repression and venting are inadequate responses to resentment, forgiveness is a more appropriate response. Extrinsically motivated forgiveness, to which believers appear to be particularly susceptible, is insufficient to meet the generally accepted definition of forgiveness. Forgiveness, a moral gift to the offender that is consistent with justice and rational judgment, requires an internal understanding of the reasons motivating the cognitive decision to forgive. The dignity of the human person appears to be a helpful principle in reaching the internal motivation to forgive the offender. This understanding of dignity shared by the offender with all persons is approachable by philosophical or theological avenues of reasoning.
44. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 11
Gary D. Glenn Are there Catholic Antecedents of the Declaration of Independence? A Conversation between Archbishop John Ireland, Orestes Brownson and the Twentieth Century
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In the 19th century, Ireland and Brownson are the two best Catholic thinkers from whom one can learn something about whether the principles of the Declaration reflect the teachings of pre-modern Catholic political theologians or the atheistic teachings of modern political philosophers. They disagree, and their disagreement is both thought provoking and instructive. 20th-century Catholic thinkers follow Ireland’s understanding that the Declaration reflects teachings ofCatholic thinkers, though there are important differences between more moderate and more extreme versions of this argument. The 20th century culminates in the teaching of the philosopher—Pope John Paul II, who finds in the Declaration’s principles a meaning compatible with Catholic moral teachings. However, no one in the 20th century addresses Brownson’s substantial argument to the contrary.
45. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 11
Stephen M. Krason The American Democratic Republic: Reflections on Its Original Character and Possible Inherent Weaknesses
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This article traces the principles and practices that characterized the American democratic republic and American culture at its Founding and suggests possible inherent weaknesses in our Founding thought and outlook that may have paved the way for a later transformation and decay of the American political order.
46. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 11
Richard S. Myers The Ten Commandments Cases and the Future of the Religion Clauses of the First Amendment
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This article explores the implications of the Supreme Court’s June 2005 decisions involving the public display of the Ten Commandments. The article first explains that the decisions will do little to alleviate the confusion that currently exists about the constitutionality of the public display of religious symbols. The article then focuses on a major problem with the Court’s Establishment Clause jurisprudence—viz., that the Court is unwilling to acknowledge the special value ofreligion. The article closes with some observations about the opinions of Justices Scalia and Thomas and suggests that their opinions offer the prospect of a much-needed reorientation of the Court’s approach to the Establishment Clause.
47. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 11
L.M. Farrell Agency Issues and the Production Of Merit Goods
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In any society, the political feasibility of transforming a private good into a public merit good financed with tax dollars will depend on the skewness of the income distribution in that society. In Canada, the income distribution is positively skewed and various merit good programs have been introduced. The transformation of health care into a merit good has created a number of new stakesholders each with legitimate claims on the resources of the health care system. The deliveryof quality health care to the sick, in a timely fashion, is no longer the primary objective of the health care system. It is only one objective among many. For the families of the 2000 victims who died as a result of the C. difficile epidemic in Montreal it might appear that the government did not fulfill its responsibilities to society and perhaps individual caregivers were negligent in their duties. However, it should be noted that, given the systematic causation and the system of incentives that is a central component of a merit good system, each member of the health care delivery system acted rationally. No one did anything wrong.
48. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 11
John Larrivee Fogel’s Call to catch up with the Economy as an Opening for Christian Economists
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Robert Fogel, who won the Nobel Prize in economics for his research in economic history, particularly that assessing well-being in the past, has recently turned his skills to examining the future. Concluding that the past few centuries, especially the twentieth, provided unprecedented material gains in both well-being and in equality, he argues that future gains to utility will occur more from spiritual enrichment than from increases in material prosperity and that inequality will increasingly depend upon differences in spiritual resources. These changes call for new ways of thinking about and even measuring well-being. Despite his more secular definition of spiritual, his call indicates new openings for Christians to participate in such debates with economists specifically, and with all people concerned about equality and justice.
49. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 11
Mark S. Latkovic Morally Responsible Investing: Why Catholics Must Make Every Effort Not to Fund Immoral Activity
50. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 11
Charles N. R. McCoy Let Israel Hope in the Lord
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This is a brief reflection published in the now extinct Oratre Fratres (January 1941). The consequences of the turning from common Fatherhood and the resulting loss of common brotherhood are as evident today as when this was first written. McCoy was in St. Paul Seminary at the time and was to be ordained in May 1941. He had earned his Ph.D. in Political Science (constitutional law) from the University of Chicago in 1938
51. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 11
Charles N. R. McCoy Peter and Caesar
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As noted in the above bibliography the essay below was originally published in now extinct Continuum, Vol.3, No. 4, (Winter 1966). Permission to republish was graciously granted by the original publisher and copyright holder, Justus George Lawler. It is reproduced below in the exact format as the original.But the ideal society is not more real than the ideal gas of physics. Not that the true and the good are to be denied; rather, on the contrary, from the errors and evils that must inevitably arise, we ought to draw lessons in the ways of acting with greater prudence and wisdom. That is the meaning of “ideal” in politics, its meaning from the point of view of action.
52. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 11
Charles N. R. McCoy Contemplation Passes into Practice: Religion and Reality
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This is a previously unpublished manuscript and is the last entry in the annotated bibliography above. It is related to the counter culture articles, the liberation theology and Heidegger articles, and, indeed, to the whole corpus. It is offered here with the intention, and hope, that it will stimulate the reader to look closely at the related articles and by that to turn to the entire corpus. Any one of his articles should have a similar result.
53. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 11
Mary Ann Kreitzer Five Good Reasons to Oppose Mandatory Fingerprinting
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This article argues that the U.S. Bishops’ policy, instituted in the wake of the priest sex abuse scandal in the U.S., of fingerprinting and conducting criminal background checks of all their employees and volunteers who work with children, is a futile policy that violates the rights of innocent laity and avoids facing the real problem of homosexuality in the priesthood and dissent in the Church.
54. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 11
Stephen M. Krason Reflections on the Terri Schiavo Case
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This article presents reflections on the Terri Schiavo starvation case: the public confusion about the facts of the case, the ethical and legal principles governing it, the modern philosophical trends that led to it, the failure of all three branches of government to properly address it, the authority of the Florida governor and the President to intervene to save Terri Schiavo, and how the case illustrated a gross and outrageous lack of political will.
55. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 12
Kyle Duncan Can the Doctrine of Subsidiarity Help Courts Interpret the Establishment Clause?
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This article proposes that the concept of subsidiarity from Catholic social doctrine can be useful in understanding the function of the Establishment Clause in the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. Subsidiarity, however, does not serve as a source for judicially enforceable rules for applying the Clause; rather, it explains the Clause as essentially a federalism provision that leaves the resolution of church-state questions to the states.
56. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 12
Robert Fastiggi The Contribution of Antonio Rosmini (1797-1855) to Catholic Social Thought
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The Holy See's 2006 proclamation of the heroic virtues of Fr. Antonio Rosmini (1797-1855) has led to a renewed interest in the thought of this Italian philosopher/theologian. This essay begins with an overview of the life and works of Rosmini and proceeds to a survey of his main contributions to Catholic social thought Attention is given to four major themes: 1) the integration of epistemology, anthropology and ethics; 2) the metaphysical basis for morality and obligation; 3) the dignity of the human person; and, 4) the philosophy of right (diritto) and the application of human rights.
57. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 12
John M. Czarnetzky A Catholic Theory of Corporate Law
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Over the past century, the Catholic Church has developed a powerful philosophical and theological theory of social institutions, including economic institutions. In particular, the Church has addressed a number of issues concerning the modern corporation, especially in areas of special concern such as just wages for workers, working conditions, social responsibility of corporations, etc. There is a discernable "gap," however, in the Church's social doctrine when it comes to the question of why corporations are formed at all, and why the law that governs them is designed the way it is. This paper proposes a theory to fill that gap—viz., an entrepreneurship-based theory of the corporation which is consistent with Catholic social doctrine and modern corporate law.
58. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 12
Shane Haselbarth Until Death Do U.S. Part: The States and Their Inherent, Authentic, and Valid Police Power
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In considering the name of our country, "The United States of America," one cannot escape the conclusion that we are (or were meant to be) a nation of united sovereigns. In our federal system, the States possess a general police power, which the national government does not. Through this division of sovereignty, the founders had in mind a particular form of governance which protected liberty and the wellbeing of the citizenry. The justness of particular laws aside, the suitable body to consider, write, and repeal those laws aimed at the welfare of the community is the individual State. This conclusion is drawn both from our unique constitution as a nation, and the principle of subsidiarity.
59. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 12
Ronald J. Rychlak Tort Law, Free Will, and Personal Responsibility
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The tort law system is designed to assure that a harmed individual has recourse to the legal system. That serves the common good. Over the past few decades, however, tort law has changed so that it now encourages lawsuits designed to maximize recovery regardless of culpability. This comes at great expense to the community-affirming values of apology, acceptance of responsibility, and forgiveness. As legislators and judges consider reforms, the goal must be to return to a system which affirms the dignity of the person and affirms the community by placing blame only on those who are truly responsible.
60. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 12
J. Budziszewski Natural Law as Fact, as Theory, and as Sign of Contradiction
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Prior to election to the see of Peter, Joseph Cardinal Ratzinger had already called for renewed attention to natural law, the understanding of which is presently obscured not only in society at large but among scholars. He seems to view natural law under three aspects: First as a fact, reflecting the constitution of the human person and of created reality as a whole; second as a theory, an attempt to comprehend the fact; third, however, as a sign of contradiction, for it exasperates, offends, and enrages. The article explores the natural law under each of these three aspects.