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41. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 10
Kenneth D. Whitehead Mistaken National Identity: Samuel Huntington’s Who Are We?
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In his 2004 book, Who Are We?, Harvard political scientist Samuel Huntington argues that America’s national identity is in danger of being lost because of the influx of immigrants, particularly Hispanic, who are not being assimilated to American society. Huntington believes that the American identity was formed through the interaction of the Protestant Christianity of the original settlers with the New World. He calls for a revival of the American identity through a return to its sources, but fails to see that the liberalized and attenuated Protestant Christianity of today is no longer capable of revitalizing the American identity.
42. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 10
Stephen R. Sharkey Framing a Catholic Sociology for Today’s College Students: Historical Lessons and Questions from Furfey, Ross, and Murray, Part II
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This is Part II of a continuing exploration of how to more effectively define and teach a Catholic sociology to today’s college students. In Part I, which appeared in the November 2004 issue of this journal, I examined how a specifically Catholic sociology was framed between about 1939 and 1970 in a number of widely used, explicitly Catholic, college-level sociology texts by three key authors of that era: Fr. Paul Hanly Furfey, Dr. Eva Ross, and Fr. Raymond Murray. They were part of a larger movement to shape college curricula and teaching advocated by the American Catholic Sociological Society. These authors developed textbooks that functioned as works of legitimation, works of foundation, and/or works of instruction. Part I dealt with the first two types; in this part I explore the last type, suggest some lessons we may learn from the pioneers’ efforts, and pose some crucial questions to consider today if we are to more successfully develop Catholic college-level sociology programs.
43. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 10
Patrick G.D. Riley Contraception: A Worldwide Calamity?
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The author discusses the effects of contraception, which have borne out the predictions of Pope Paul VI's encyclical Humanae Vitae: the explosion of out-of-wedlock births, lack of respect for women, STD's, HIV/AIDS, etc. The overpopulation claims that fed the acceptance and promotion of contraception have been discredited by demographers; now the social costs of underpopulation are increasingly apparent. Acceptance of contraception has now also led to an embracing of morally objectionable technologies like cloning. This is the latest consequence of the separation of sex and reproduction signaled by the acceptance of contraception.
44. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 10
Stephen M. Krason New Directions for U.S. Foreign Policy: Catholic Social Teaching as a Guide
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The author argues that there are serious problems from the standpoint of Catholic social teaching (as well as traditional Western thought and simple prudence) in making the forcible spreading of democracy an objective of U.S. foreign policy. He argues that U.S. policy, in light of Catholic social teaching, should be prudently interventionist—but not primarily in a military sense—in promoting human rights, diffusing international tensions, and peacekeeping. Also, the author discusses such questions as shaping U.S. foreign policy in conjunction with allies and foreign aid, in light of Catholic social teaching.
45. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 10
Stephen M. Krason Good Intentions, Unintended Consequences, and Speculative Harm: Current American Scourges
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The author notes how American public policy typically springs from good intentions, but brings unforeseeable consequences that cause new social problems. It also increasingly seeks to address speculative, not actual or certain, harms. He gives numerous examples and argues that the effect is increasingly expansive state power and heightened intrusion into private areas of individual and family lives. He also argues that all three public policy trends grow out of modern utopian tendencies and secularism.
46. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 11
Deborah S. Sturm The “Quality of Life” Ethic and the Push for “Living Wills”
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The publicity surrounding the Terri Schiavo case has led many Americans to request copies of the “living will.” This document is the primary choice of euthanasia enthusiasts because of the standard form’s general presumption for death. The mentality behind the advocacy of the “living will” is that one is better off dead than debilitated or disabled. It is, therefore, dangerous and potentially lethal. The secularist, utilitarian, relativistic, “quality of life” ethic that is at the core of the culture of death, as well as healthcare’s preoccupation with costeffectiveness, is driving the push for “living wills.” Pro-life alternatives to the “living will” are readily available that afford more protection to persons in the event that they cannot speak for themselves. The author has over twenty years of experience working in healthcare facilities: twelve years in the field of diagnostics as a radiologic technologist and nine years in the field of nursing. As a registered nurse, she has worked in long-term care, adult mental health, and geriatric psychiatry.
47. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 11
Emil B. Berendt, Judith Leonard Profiles of Responders to a Natural Family Planning Awareness Campaign
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A Natural Family Planning (NFP) public awareness campaign was conducted in the Diocese of Wichita, Kansas, under the auspices of the NFP office. This article presents an analysis of client data collected. The goals of the program were to raise awareness of NFP and elicit inquiries from the community-at-large. The data suggests that there is wide interest in NFP from the non-Catholic community and that responders to the campaign came from several distinct groups, each with its own characteristics. Based on the successful outcomes of the program, ways of segmenting the target market in future NFP awareness campaigns are presented.
48. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 11
Alfred R. D’Anca Family and Self-Control: Evaluating Gottfredson and Hirschi’s General Theory of Crime in the Context of Catholic Social Teaching
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A paucity of studies address deeper dimensions of the influence of the family on crime. In A General Theory of Crime (1990), Hirschi and Gottfredson emphasize the significance of effective parenting in the development of high levels of self-control and less likely criminal involvement based on their view of human nature. The values-based social teachings of the Catholic Church that emphasize central themes of human and personal dignity, the common good, and communion ofpersons in the family and society, provide a basis to contribute to and develop the empirical significance of the family experience and parenting in the development of self-control, and establish a more validating basis for criminal justice policy.
49. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 11
Richard S. Myers Reflections on the Terri Schindler-Schiavo Controversy
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This article first appeared in Life and Learning XIV: Proceedings of the Fourteenth University Faculty for Life Conference, and is reprinted here with the kind permission of the editor, Joseph W. Koterski, S.J..Despite the enormous attention it received, the Terri Schindler-Schiavo litigation is not legally significant. The litigation involved the application of a fairly well-settled legal framework. This framework permitted, however, an unjust result. The controversy over Terri’s fatehas, though, helped to focus attention on a consensus that is in need of re-examination. This paper explores the lessons that ought to be learned from the Terri Schindler-Schiavo litigation. After briefly discussing the basic facts and the complex litigation history, the paper considers the relevant federal constitutional and Florida law. The paper then critiques Florida law and explains the legal and moral considerations that ought to inform the re-examination that is so sorely needed. The most important effort needed is to restore the sanctity of life ethic.
50. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 11
Richard Cain Eternal Profit: The Practicality of Catholic Teaching on Social Communications
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For the last 70 years, Catholic teaching on social communications has sought—and largely failed—to win a broadly shared commitment to sound moral formation as the foundational principle guiding the use of the instruments of social communications. This article explores one important factor for this apparent failure: amisunderstanding of the “practicality” of Catholic teaching on social communications. The article’s thesis is that the question of the practicality of Catholic social doctrine concerning social communications turns on this question of what “practicality” means and specifically whether the horizon of the practical includes anobjective moral order grounded in an intelligible human telos. The article also explores different ways in which the word “practical” can be understood and uses these ways to evaluate the practicality of Catholic teaching on social communications. It concludes by making a suggestion as to how the practicality of Catholic teaching on social communications might be better understood. The central points of the article are then encapsulated in a “Thomistic” article complete withobjections and replies.