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41. Newman Studies Journal: Volume > 11 > Issue: 2
Steven D. Aguzzi Newman’s First Two Notes on Development and Patristic Millenarianism
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In recent years, critical discourse concerning the millenarian eschatology of the early Patristic era of Christianity has called into question the common notion that millenarian concepts have been utterly rejected as heretical by the Roman Catholic Church. No Ecumenical Council has ever rejected millenarian eschatology, and papal and juridical statements on the issue have been taken out of context. This essay brings forward, as testing agents, John Henry Newman’s first two notes in Development in order to determine whether Patristic millenarianism, along with a more recently explored version called Eucharistic millenarianism, is a valid example of doctrinal development of an earlier type. Eucharistic millenarianism borrows many aspects from a primitive apostolic source and has been embraced by the Catholic hierarchy, raising the question of how millenarian aspects might legitimately inform contemporary theology. Newman’s theory of the development of doctrine, particularly as seen in his first two notes, is a valuable tool for reevaluating latent concepts that have been unfairly viewed as marginal or even heretical in mainline theological discourse.
42. Newman Studies Journal: Volume > 11 > Issue: 2
Jonathan Martin Ciraulo Apologia pro Vita Stulti: Newman’s Defense of the “Superstitious Masses”
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This essay analyzes Newman’s response to the tendency in philosophical modernity and liberal Protestantism, as exemplified by John Locke, to denigrate the so-called “superstitious” nature of the religion of the masses. Newman constructed a philosophical and theological defense of Christians who were accused of an unenlightened superstition, due to their popular piety and lack of theological training, and proposes this very “superstition” to be the hallmark of genuine Christianity, as found from its inception. The essay concludes with a comparison to Augustine’s City of God.
43. Newman Studies Journal: Volume > 11 > Issue: 2
Brad S. Gregory The Prophetic Newman
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John Henry Newman was a discerning critic of the dominant social values and cultural features of England in the Victorian era that revolved around the sovereign self. Insofar as many of these features—individuals as their own masters, wealth and celebrity, the arbitrariness of answers about faith and meaning, and the character of higher education in the absence of theology—also characterize American society and culture in the early twenty-first century, Newman’s critique of his own time and society also applies to ours. This essay was first delivered as the 2014 Newman Legacy Lecture, sponsored by the National Institute for Newman Studies, at Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, on April 3, 2014.
44. Newman Studies Journal: Volume > 12 > Issue: 1
James F. Dorrill Newman’s and Kingsley’s Gentlemen
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This essay examines the possibility that Charles Kingsley’s sermon “The True Gentleman” was in part a response to John Henry Newman’s classic definition of the gentleman in The Idea of a University, and explores the principal theological differences underlying the two texts.
45. Newman Studies Journal: Volume > 12 > Issue: 1
Jean-Louis Guérin-Boutaud John Henry and the Beloved: Newman Reading the Fourth Gospel
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Before he recognized the role of the Tradition in the Church, Newman rooted his life in the Bible, memorizing the King James Version. He commented on it throughout his life. This essay canvasses Newman’s reading of the Fourth Gospel, and brings to light the theology of the word presupposed by Newman’s interpretation of Scripture.
46. Newman Studies Journal: Volume > 12 > Issue: 1
Joseph F. Keefe “The Intellectual Difficulty of Imagining and Realizing Emmanuel”: Newman’s Concept of Realizing Christ in Parochial and Plain Sermons
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This essay explores and interprets two texts from Parochial and Plain Sermons in light of Newman’s understanding of religious imagination—specifically, the act of realization. Both texts suggest that for Newman, realization is a type of self-appropriation by which a fact or an object (real in itself) is assimilated (made personally real to the subject). One sermon concerns the Passion, the other the Resurrection. He indicates that when the object of the imagination is Christ, realization comes about through meditation on Scripture, and produces a stronger or weaker vision of Jesus in the soul based on one’s personal dispositions. It is often employed when the mind engages in conflicting ideas, such as Christ as both God and man.
47. Newman Studies Journal: Volume > 12 > Issue: 1
Peter C. Wilcox Newman as Spiritual Director: His Personal Methods and Their Meaning for Understanding His Life
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John Henry Newman was a man who sought to integrate life and holiness. He believed that the spiritual life needed to be lived in an active and dynamic way, touching a person’s fundamental attitudes and actions. Although Newman rejected the title of spiritual director as such, it is obvious from his correspondence that directing others through various facets of the Christian life was one of his dominant concerns. Utilizing his Letters and Diaries during his Catholic years (1845–1890), this lecture explores how Newman directed others, the methods he used, and the meaning it has for understanding his life.
48. Newman Studies Journal: Volume > 12 > Issue: 1
Matthew Muller Newman, Imagination, and The Idea of a University
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In this article I argue that one way of approaching Newman’s Idea of a University is to view it as a text about the formation of imagination. This is done in three parts. First, I identify the core features of imagination as Newman conceived it by drawing on various sources from his life and work. Second, I turn to Idea of a University in particular, primarily the “Lectures on University Teaching,” to demonstrate that the concept of imagination is a significant underlying presence in Newman’s lectures. Finally, I conclude with a brief analysis of the relationship between reason and imagination within the university.
49. Newman Studies Journal: Volume > 12 > Issue: 2
IN THIS ISSUE: Newman, NINS, and tbe Congregation of the Oratory of Saint Philip Neri
50. Newman Studies Journal: Volume > 12 > Issue: 2
Editorial Board
51. Newman Studies Journal: Volume > 12 > Issue: 2
Who's Who of The New NSJ Editorial Review Board
52. Newman Studies Journal: Volume > 12 > Issue: 2
Robert C. Christie Editor's Welcome
53. Newman Studies Journal: Volume > 12 > Issue: 2
The Newman Exhibit
54. Newman Studies Journal: Volume > 12 > Issue: 2
Fr. Peter J. Conley Exploring Blessed John Henry Newman's Bereavement Letters
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In this series of articles, Fr. Peter Conley aims to reflect, creatively, upon Newman’s pastoral insights into the experience of grief among, himself, his family, friends, parishioners and the wider community of faith. The first two articles in his series are published herein: The Complexity of Condolence and Inhabiting Grief’s Heart. Future planned articles revolve around the following themes of Grief as Encounter, Grief as Wound, Grief as Communion, and Newman and the Victorian Culture of Bereavement.
55. Newman Studies Journal: Volume > 12 > Issue: 2
John T. Ford John Henry Newman: A Short Introduction to His Writings
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This essay, which was originally presented at the first Coloquio Internacional at the Guadalajara Campus of the Universidad Panamericana, Mexico, October 8-10, is a short introduction to Newman’s writings in six areas—autobiography, philosophy, theology, literature, education and spirituality—along with some suggestions for additional reading, particularly for those beginning Newman studies.
56. Newman Studies Journal: Volume > 12 > Issue: 2
Ian Ker John Henry Newman: Analogy, Image and Reality
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By apologetics one generally means the kind of intellectual apologetics that we find in Newman’s Development of Christian Doctrine, Apologia, and Grammar of Assent. But Newman was also the persuasive apologist of the imagination, particularly in his two novels and Difficulties of Anglicans and Present Position of Catholics. In Loss and Gain Newman takes his readers into a Catholic church to experience the reality of Catholic worship, an imaginative experience designed to impress upon their imagination the difference between a real and an unreal religion. In Difficulties of Anglicans he warns Anglo-Catholics against the misuse of the imagination when unguided by the reason. But the misuse does not take away the use, and he explains how important a part imagination had played in his own conversion to Rome. The analogies he presses on the imaginations of his Anglo-Catholic readers are nothing to the analogies he piles up in Present Position of Catholics, where the most vivid imagery in all his writings is to be found, as he employs shock tactics in his attempt to delete the anti-Catholic stain on the English Protestant imagination. And finally in Callista, Newman practically abandons his most famous apologetic argument from conscience for the existence of God in favour of a direct appeal to the imagination of the heroine, to her need for liberation from self-imprisonment, a liberation that she can only find in the image of an incarnate God.
57. Newman Studies Journal: Volume > 12 > Issue: 2
Thomas Pfau Newman's Idea of Tradition: The Fall 2015 Newman Memorial Lecture
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This paper, given at NINS on October 15, 2015, explores J. H. Newman’s rethinking of the concept of tradition. Whereas Romantic historicism and sentimentalism conceptions frame the past as an inventory of ’’information” or as a focal point of affective reminiscence, Newman approaches tradition as a continuous and ongoing development that shows past and present becoming progressively more intelligible and mutually illuminating. Agents of knowledge do not “define” or “possess” the past as an accomplished “tradition” but, on the contrary, realize their human and spiritual potential by a humble, active, and open-ended participation in the development of tradition.
58. Newman Studies Journal: Volume > 12 > Issue: 2
Edward Short John Henry Newman in The "Realm of Superstition"
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This article looks at Newman’s treatment of superstition in the early Church in his revised edition of An Essay on the Development of Christian Doctrine (1878) and compares it to the way the Whig historians treated superstition in their work, in order to show how the historian in Newman demonstrates how first-century and nineteenth- century perceptions of superstition reaffirm the continuity of the Roman Catholic Church.
59. Newman Studies Journal: Volume > 12 > Issue: 2
From Newman's Archive
60. Newman Studies Journal: Volume > 12 > Issue: 2
Mary Jo Dorsey Newman a Tweeter? Social Media and the Victorian Age: Personal Reflections Gained from the Digitization Project
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This essay is a reflection of the time I have spent working with Cardinal Newman’s archive at the Birmingham Oratory. I have had a chance to stop and carefully read his letters and diaries and to see Newman as a communicator extraordinaire! I suspect that the Cardinal would have had great command of today’s social media and communications technology. His laity could have been a wider and larger audience on a virtual level. Might this be an opportunity for a sociological comparison of the great writers and speakers of an earlier time with those of us in today’s media-rich world? With whom else might Newman have interacted? We may never know with certainty, but it would be fun to imagine.