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41. Philosophia Christi: Volume > 13 > Issue: 1
Paul Gould Theistic Activism: A New Problem and Solution
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Platonic theists have fallen on hard days. Theologically, it is argued that Platonism is unacceptable for the traditional theist, violating the aseity-sovereignty doctrine. Philosophically, Platonic theism suffers from an unforgiveable sin—incoherence. Understandably, the arguments in the literature are advanced as generically as possible, seeking metaphysical thinness in order to achieve clarity. I argue that this way of engaging the debate over the possibility of Platonic theism will only take one so far. What is needed is a bit of serious (and substantial) metaphysics. I engage in such serious metaphysics on behalf of one kind of Platonic Theist, the Theistic Activist, arguing that a new problem and solution surfaces when considering the substance-property nexus. Further, the solution on offer to this new problem shows promise in addressing more generic arguments against the possibility of Platonic theism.
.... One prominent Platonic account of God’s relationship to abstract objects ... of argument, that the move to identify abstract objects with various ... Studies 35 (1999): 277–90; Scott Davison, “Could Abstract Objects Depend Upon God ...
42. Philosophia Christi: Volume > 18 > Issue: 1
William Lane Craig Necessary Beings: An Essay on Ontology, Modality, and the Relations between Them
... these abstract objects like the nature of conjunction and the nature ... the semantic value of a singular term. The existence of abstract objects ...
43. Philosophia Christi: Volume > 15 > Issue: 2
Angus Menuge Guest Editor’s Introduction
... from reason, consciousness and abstract objects. 2. Richard ... of truth. (13) The status of abstract objects. (14) Existential angst ...
44. Philosophia Christi: Volume > 17 > Issue: 2
Peter van Inwagen A Reply to Craig
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In “God and Other Uncreated Things,” I defended the position that at least some properties (attributes, qualities, and so forth) are uncreated. I argued that this thesis does not contradict the creedal statement that God is the creator of all things, visible and invisible, because that statement presupposes a domain of quantification that does not include (the things that I call) properties. William Lane Craig has contended that this defense of the consistency of my position with the Nicene Creed fails, owing to the fact that there are clear patristic statements to the effect that the domain of quantification presupposed in the Nicene Creed must be understood as absolutely unrestricted. In this paper, I grant his premise but present reasons for doubting whether his conclusion—that the proposition that there are uncreated properties contradicts the Nicene Creed—follows from it.
... to see why Craig found my views about abstract objects so ... ” was that abstract objects—numbers, propositions, attributes—cannot enter ...
45. Philosophia Christi: Volume > 16 > Issue: 1
J. Caleb Clanton A (Partial) Peircean Defense of the Cosmological Argument: A Response to Rowe
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William Rowe’s criticism of the cosmological argument takes aim at the argument’s reliance on the principle of sufficient reason. In this short paper, I outline out how C. S. Peirce’s insights regarding abductive reasoning might be useful in defending the cosmological argument against Rowe’s worry concerning the principle of sufficient reason and the role it plays in the argument.
... of discussion in this journal concerning the ontology of abstract objects ... in relation to God. See Paul Gould, “The Problem of God and Abstract ... Objects: A Prolegomenon,” Philosophia Christi 13 (2011): 255–74; Keith Yandell ...
46. Philosophia Christi: Volume > 18 > Issue: 1
Elijah Hess The Mechanics of Divine Foreknowledge and Providence: A Time-Ordering Account
... the semantic value of a singular term. The existence of abstract objects ...
47. Philosophia Christi: Volume > 14 > Issue: 2
William Lane Craig Where the Conflict Really Lies: Science, Religion, and Naturalism
..., then numbers and other abstract objects also stand in a causal relation ...
48. Philosophia Christi: Volume > 13 > Issue: 1
Paul Gould Perspectives on the Doctrine of God: Four Views
..., and God’s relationship to necessary truths and abstract objects (if ...
49. Philosophia Christi: Volume > 13 > Issue: 1
Matthew Flannagan The Christian Delusion: Why Faith Fails
..., and God’s relationship to necessary truths and abstract objects (if ...
50. Philosophia Christi: Volume > 21 > Issue: 1
Logan Paul Gage Five Proofs of the Existence of God
... chapter argues from the reality of universals as abstract objects ...
51. Philosophia Christi: Volume > 13 > Issue: 1
James Anderson No Dilemma for the Proponent of the Transcendental Argument: A Response to David Reiter
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David Reiter has recently argued that presuppositionalist apologists who champion the transcendental argument for God’s existence (TAG) face a dilemma: depending on what conclusion the argument is supposed to establish, either TAG is inadequate to deliver that conclusion or else TAG is superfluous (thus bringing into question claims about its importance and distinctiveness as a theistic argument). By way of reply, I contend that several plausible lines of response are available to the proponent of TAG in the face of this purported dilemma. I hope thereby to advance scholarly discussion of TAG by clarifying its structure, content, and goal.
... existent abstract objects (e.g., numbers, propositions ... for Interpreting Abstract Objects as Divine Ideas” (DPhil, Oxford University, 2006 ...
52. Philosophia Christi: Volume > 12 > Issue: 1
William Lane Craig Timothy O’Connor on Contingency: A Review Essay on Theism and Ultimate Explanation
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In the first part of Theism and Ultimate Explanation Timothy O’Connor provides a compact survey of the metaphysics and epistemology of modality, defending modal realism and a priorism. In the book’s second half he defends a Leibnizian-style cosmological argument for an absolutely necessary being. He seeks to answer four questions: (1) Is the idea of a necessary being coherent? (2) In what way is the postulation of such a being explanatory? (3) Does the assumption of necessary being commit us to denying the very contingency of mundane things which it is meant to explain? (4) What are the implications of necessary being for theology? In this review I highlight a few of the obscurities and apparent weaknesses of this otherwise commendable book.
... as abstract objects with divine aseity and necessity, which he is so anxious ...
53. Philosophia Christi: Volume > 13 > Issue: 2
R. Douglas Geivett The Elusive God: Reorienting Religious Epistemology
...’s “indispensability argument” for the existence of abstract objects ...
54. Philosophia Christi: Volume > 14 > Issue: 1
William Lane Craig Defending the Axioms: On the Philosophical Foundations of Set Theory
..., and does their truth require realism with respect to the abstract ... objects apparently referred to or quantified over in the statements ...
55. Philosophia Christi: Volume > 16 > Issue: 2
Angus Menuge Debating Christian Theism
... that space and time exist at all (a world of timeless abstract objects is surely ...
56. Philosophia Christi: Volume > 5 > Issue: 1
Nathan L. King Epistemology: Internalism and Externalism
...,” “Traditional Realism: Properties as Abstract Objects,” “Traditional Realism ...
57. Philosophia Christi: Volume > 19 > Issue: 1
Walter Schultz A Counterexample Deity Theory
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In his book God and Necessity and in four subsequent papers, Brian Leftow argues against metaphysical theories which hold that “God’s nature makes necessary truths true or gives rise to their truthmakers,” asserting that all such “deity theories commit us to the claim that God’s existence depends on there being truthmakers for particular necessary truths about creatures.” Leftow supports this by arguing that all deity theories entail that if it is untrue that water = H2O, then God does not exist. This paper presents a counterexample deity theory along with a synopsis of its correlative theory of truth and truthmaking.
... God knows. So, propositions, on this view, are not abstract objects ... for a theory of truth and truthmaking and for a theory of God and the so-called abstract ... objects in general. So it is important to respond to Leftow. Accordingly ...
58. Philosophia Christi: Volume > 20 > Issue: 1
John C. Wingard, Jr. God and Possible Worlds: A Reformed Exploration
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In this essay I consider how God is related to possible worlds from a classically evangelical and Reformed perspective, contending that God’s essential perfections determine what is genuinely possible. I then consider briefly three views that take God to be a significant delimiter of possible worlds and offer some defense of one of those views, the view that there are many genuinely possible worlds that are equally and unsurpassably good and that God might have chosen to actualize. I conclude by noting two significant implications of my position, one epistemological and the other concerning the problem of evil.
... to be abstract objects as I do, but rather than taking them to be states ... , hence abstract objects, most of what I have to say in this paper ...
59. Philosophia Christi: Volume > 16 > Issue: 2
Travis Dumsday Nominalist Dispositionalism and a Cosmological Argument
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Dispositionalism is most often paired with some form of realism about universals, whether moderate or Platonic. However, both historically and in the contemporary literature there have been advocates of nominalist dispositionalism. Here I argue that such a combination is likely to be workable only given the truth of theism (or some form of metaphysical nonnaturalism akin to theism). For those already inclined to favor nominalism and dispositionalism, a novel cosmological argument for theism results. Correspondingly, for nominalists already opposed to theism, it provides new reason to oppose dispositionalism, while for dispositionalists opposed to theism it provides new reason to reject nominalism.
... Craig (e.g., his “A Nominalist Perspective on God and Abstract ... Objects,” Philosophia Christi 13 (2011): 305–18). While valuable ...
60. Philosophia Christi: Volume > 15 > Issue: 1
E. J. Lowe Naturalism, Theism, and Objects of Reason
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It is argued that the dispute between philosophical naturalism and theism can, ultimately, only be rationally resolved in favor of theism, owing to certain internal inadequacies of philosophical naturalism that are commonly overlooked by both its friends and its foes. The criticisms of philosophical naturalism focus on certain questions concerning the ontological status of the objects of human reason and probe into the nature of human rationality and the conditions of its possibility. There is an implicit challenge to mainstream philosophical opinion concerning the relationship between human thought and reasoning and the sorts of facts about human brains that can be revealed by empirical neuroscience.
... concerning concrete, as opposed to abstract, objects? Philosophical naturalists ...