Displaying: 31-40 of 502 documents

0.078 sec

31. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology: Volume > 10 > Issue: 1
Krist Vaesen How Norms in Technology Ought to Be Interpreted
abstract | view |  rights & permissions
This paper defends the claim that there are — at least — two kinds of normativity in technological practice. The first concerns what engineers ought to do and the second concerns normative statements about artifacts. The claim is controversial, since the standard approach to normativity, namely normative realism, actually denies artifacts any kind of normativity; according to the normative realist, normativity applies exclusively to human agents. In other words, normative realists hold that only “human agent normativity” is a genuine form of normativity.I will argue that normative realism is mistaken on this point. I will mainly draw on material of Daniel Dennett and Philip Pettit to show that it makes sense to talk about artifactual normativity. We claim that this approach can also make sense of human agent normativity — or more specifically “engineer normativity”. Moreover, it avoids some of the problems formulated by opponents of normative realism. Thus I will develop a strategy which: (i) makes sense of artifactual normativity; and (ii) makes sense of “human agent normativity”, specifically “engineer normativity”.
32. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology: Volume > 10 > Issue: 1
Junichi Murata From Challenger to Columbia: What lessons can we learn from the accident investigation board for engineering ethics.
abstract | view |  rights & permissions
One of the most important tasks of engineering ethics is to give engineers the tools required to act ethically to prevent possible disastrous accidents which could result from engineers’ decisions and actions. The space shuttle Challenger disaster is referred to as a typical case in almost every textbook. This case is seen as one from which engineers can learn important lessons, as it shows impressively how engineers should act as professionals, to prevent accidents. The Columbia disaster came seventeen years later in 2003. According to the report of the Columbia accident investigation board, the main cause of the accident was not individual actions which violated certain safety rules but rather was to be found in the history and culture of NASA. A culture is seen as one which desensitizedmanagers and engineers to potential hazards as they dealt with problems of uncertainty. This view of the disaster is based on Dian Vaughan’s analysis of the Challenger disaster, where inherent organizational factors and culture within NASA had been highlighted as contributing to the disaster. Based on the insightful analysis of the Columbia report and the work of Diane Vaughan, we search for an alternative view of engineering ethics. We focus on the inherent uncertainty of engineers’ work with respect to hazard precaution. We discuss claims that the concept of professional responsibility, which plays a central role in orthodox engineering ethics, is too narrow and that we need a broader and more fundamental concept of responsibility. Responsibility which should be attributed to every person related to an organization and therefore given the range of responsible persons, governments, managers, engineers, etc. might be called “civic virtue”. Only on the basis of this broad concept of responsibility of civic virtue, we can find a possible way to prevent disasters and reduce the hazards that seem to be inseparable part of the use of complex technological systems.
33. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology: Volume > 10 > Issue: 2
Paul T. Durbin Chapter 19: Dutch Schools
34. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology: Volume > 10 > Issue: 2
Paul T. Durbin Chapter 17: The Last Hoorah for Philosophy and Technology
35. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology: Volume > 10 > Issue: 2
Sheldon Krimsky Chapter 22: Philosophy of Biotechnology
36. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology: Volume > 10 > Issue: 2
Larry Hickman, Andrew Light Chapter 24: Philosophy and “Quotidian” Technologies such as Films
37. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology: Volume > 10 > Issue: 2
Paul T. Durbin An Introductory Essay: A Framework for Understanding Philosophical Controversies
38. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology: Volume > 10 > Issue: 2
Langdon Winner Chapter 11: A Non-Marxist Radical Critique
39. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology: Volume > 10 > Issue: 2
Andrew Light Chapter 21: Philosophy of Technology and Environmental Ethics
40. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology: Volume > 10 > Issue: 2
Andrew Feenberg Chapter 12: A Neo-Marxist Critique