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31. ProtoSociology: Volume > 11
Michael Liston Externalist Determinants of Reference
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According to externalism, reference is a relation between uses of an expression and features of the environment. Moreover, the reference relation is normative (constitutive of correct semantic use), and the referential relata of our expressions are explanatory of successful language use. This paper largely agrees with the broad conception underlying externalism: it is what people do with words that makes them have the references they have, and the world constrains what people can successfully do with words. However, the paper strongly disagrees with the details (at least as usually presented). A centrally important feature of what people do with words is how they use them in inferential contexts. When due attention is given to the reference-determining role played by inferential properties of expressions, I argue, we arrive at a more satisfactory account of semantic norms and explanations. Much of the argument is based on a detailed look at the language of chemical classification used in the late 19th century.
32. ProtoSociology: Volume > 11
Gerhard Preyer Interpretation and Rationality: Steps from Radical Interpretation to the Externalism of Triangulation
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In recent years Donald Davidson has outlined main features of a “unified theory” of language and action. The article tries to lay open the central theoretical steps one has to take from his “radical interpretation” to his theory of rationality and his triangulation model of externalism. It is argued that Davidson's reinterpretation of Tarski's T - sentences can be used to show a fundamental symmetry between representation and expression of propositional contents. Yet, his theoretical framework has to be enriched to deal with the problem of contextualism that arises from his redescription of utterance meanings. The paper shows in order to elaborate Davidson's claim that rationality is a normative concept one has to address the question of an internal relationship between radical interpretation, rationality and externalism.
33. ProtoSociology: Volume > 12
Wilhelm K. Essler Truth and Knowledge: Some Considerations concerning the Task of Philosophy of Science
34. ProtoSociology: Volume > 12
Gerhard Preyer, Georg Peter, Alexander Ulfig Introduction: Developments in the Theory of Science
35. ProtoSociology: Volume > 12
Gerhard Preyer The Received View, Incommensurability and Comparison of Theories: Beliefs as the Basis of Theorizing
36. ProtoSociology: Volume > 12
Robert Schwartz Reflections on Projection
37. ProtoSociology: Volume > 12
Jeffrey E. Foss The Logical and Sociological Structure of Science
38. ProtoSociology: Volume > 12
Nicholas Rescher Meaningless Numbers
39. ProtoSociology: Volume > 12
C. Ulises Moulines Structuralism vs. Operationalism
40. ProtoSociology: Volume > 12
R. I. G. Hughes Laws of Nature, Laws of Physics, and the Representational Account of Theories