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31. Epistemology & Philosophy of Science: Volume > 51 > Issue: 1
Alexander Antonovski А.Ю. Антоновский
Social philosophy of science as the guardian of the “incarnation of truth in the world”
Социальная философия науки

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In his paper the author establishes some arguments against the thesis of professor Walter Schweidler. The later defends the anti-representationalist claim that not every kind of knowledge is to evaluate on its truth and falsehood. The author maintains the opposite thesis that the all knowledge including the one about social premises of any kind of science may be evaluated (although not eventually proved) on their truth or falseness.
32. Epistemology & Philosophy of Science: Volume > 54 > Issue: 4
Robert E. Sears Р. Сирс
The Naturalness of Religious Ideas: Soundings from the Cognitive Science of Religion
Естественность религиозных идей

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This paper offers a brief introduction, summary, and commentary on the cognitive science of religion (CSR), a burgeoning, interdisciplinary field of study that examines the way mental resources and predispositions facilitate religious beliefs and behavior. This presentation of CSR devotes special attention to research on teleological bias, agency detection, and counterintuitive concepts; moreover, critical discussions of mystical experience and god concepts ensue from treatments of the latter two topics. Research on teleological bias, agency detection, and counterintuitiveness supports the basic position that religious cognition is natural, although distinctive rationales are associated with each topic of investigation. While the major focus of this article is epistemological – how religious thought develops and is sustained – the conclusion briefly addresses the ontological significance of basic CSR findings.
33. Epistemology & Philosophy of Science: Volume > 55 > Issue: 1
Amanda Machin, Nico Stehr Аманда Мэчин
On the power of scientific knowledge: Interview with Nico Stehr
О власти научного знания

34. Epistemology & Philosophy of Science: Volume > 55 > Issue: 1
Yulia V. Shaposhnikova, Lada V. Shipovalova Юлия Владимировна Шапошникова
The demarcation problem in the history of science, or what historical epistemology has to say about cultural identification
Проблема демаркации в истории науки, или что может сказать историческая эпистемология о культурной идентификации

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This article discusses mechanisms of demarcation in science, as a case of establishing identity – one of the topical problems of contemporary cultural studies. Evidently, the quality of cultural interaction depends on the status of the other in relation to one’s identity. Contemporary cultural studies distinguish two types of this interaction: exclusion, i.e. suppression of the other as a condi­tion for the formation of one’s identity; and inclusion, a retrieval of the excluded, leading to the transformation of one’s identity. This article claims that the historical epistemology, as a special ap­proach to the history of science, has elaborated a number of strat­egies regulating the relationship of science and non-science in the form of an attitude of present science towards its past. The article examines four of these strategies – three of them construct the identity of science through establishing boundaries and by exclud­ing the other; the fourth presupposes acknowledging the other and endowing it with actuality. The last strategy demonstrates the dialogue between science and its other in action and, more importantly, identifies the necessary condition for the successful interaction – the destruction of a homogeneous scientific identity and allowance of self-identification to continue with­out end. Consequently, study­ing the types of interaction between scientific and non-scientific views in the field of historical epistemology allows one to conceptualize the gen­eral procedure of establishing cultural identification.
35. The Monist: Volume > 1 > Issue: 1
Philosophy in American Colleges and Universities
36. The Monist: Volume > 1 > Issue: 1
Alfred Binet The Immortality of Infusoria
37. The Monist: Volume > 1 > Issue: 1
Lucien Arréat France
38. The Monist: Volume > 1 > Issue: 1
Max Dessoir The Magic Mirror
39. The Monist: Volume > 1 > Issue: 1
Ernst Mach The Analysis of the Sensations: Antimetaphysical
40. The Monist: Volume > 1 > Issue: 1
George J. Romanes Mr. A. R. Wallace on Physiological Selection