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281. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 17 > Issue: 2
Soon-Ok Myong LeninKichi and the Silenced Collective Memory of Soviet Koreans
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This paper investigates the contexts on the grand narrative and the memory manipulation of the media in the case of Soviet Korean migrants. The study focuses on the forced migration of Soviet Koreans and how their memories were covered up by dominant Soviet narratives. Specifically, the paper explores LeninKichi, a Korean newspaper that became the mouth of institutional power. The research brings to light part of the history of Soviet Koreans migrants, whose memories were buried by a socio-cultural system that encouraged narratives of victory and progress through an oppositional symbolism of glorious patriots versus enemies and traitors.
282. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 17 > Issue: 2
Weijie Song The Metamorphoses of Smokestacks
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This paper examines Chinese imagery of smokestacks both as a concrete object and an abstract concept emerging from early futurist eulogy to modernist allergy, and from Maoist propaganda to post-Fifth Generation environmental reflections. In the Republican era, writers from the Creation Society eulogize the smokes of steamboat smokestacks as beautified symbols of modern civilization. Yet members from the Beijing School convey their concerns about the Janus face of industrialization and environmental impairments (towering smokestacks as the target). After 1949, smokestacks are eulogized as an icon of socialist industrialization and pervade cinematic productions, literary imaginations, and artistic exhibitions. Since the 1980s, smokestacks have been gradually understood as vestiges of problematic socialist practice. The growing ecological deterioration in the 21st century propels public intellectuals and film directors to expose industrial pollution and to invoke environmental protection. Yet another type of representation arises in the post-Fifth Generation films, where smokestacks are visualized as a token of the “insulted and injured” working class, individual discovery, and collective sentiment worn out by the post Mao-Deng global developmentalism and social injustice. The metamorphoses of smokestacks in literary, cinematic, and artistic imaginations envision and exhibit the structural transformation of modern Chinese environmental and ecological consciousness.
283. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 17 > Issue: 2
María del Mar Rivas-Carmona The Power of (Re)Creation and Social Transformation of Binomial ‘Art-Technology’ in Times of Crisis: Musical Poetic Narrative in Rozalén’s ‘Lyric Video’ “Aves Enjauladas”
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The epidemic outbreak of the coronavirus has meant a sudden, temporary ceasing of activities as we knew them. The health crisis has led to a social and economic crisis, and these circumstances have revealed solidarity on a global scale. In moments of separation, when culture has brought us closer together, the global phenomenon of charity songs has emerged, generating financial aid for scientific research and care for the most vulnerable people. This work focuses on a charity song turned into a hymn, a narrative poem in the first person that tells everyone's common story, “Aves enjauladas” (‘Caged Birds’) by the Spanish singer-songwriter Rozalén. This paper carries out a linguistic, stylistic and audiovisual analysis of this multimodal event, which has been transmitted through a ‘lyric video’ and spread in a vertiginous way on digital platforms and social networks, reaching millions of views. Ultimately, the paper analyses the spiritual and material impact, the body and soul of this living poem, taking a still photograph of the artistic recreations and musical, visual, pictorial and pedagogical ‘echoicities’ of this work (Balsera & López, 2015), as well as appreciating its material socio-economic repercussions in the real lives of families at risk of exclusion.
284. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 17 > Issue: 2
Agus Sachari, Arianti Ayu Puspita, Desy Nurcahyanti Girilayu Batik Motifs and their Forms of Symbolic Contemplation
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This article discusses the factors that confer a contemplative atmosphere to the village of Girilayu (Central Java Province, Indonesia) and stimulate local artisans to create batik motifs that contain symbolic philosophical meanings that confer ethical values to batik making while adapting to contemporary design and technological processes. Since 2016, Mbok Semok batik has struggled to preserve local traditions and patterns that stimulate contemplation in its designs. The paper is based an ethnographic approach involving data collection from Girilayu batik artisans; later analyzed using a phenomenological approach in order to describe the correlation between design and contemplative philosophical meaning in Mbok Semok. Thus, the paper functions as an example of the need to articulate local ethical practices with technological change in a way that grounds harmony in human relationships with the environment and the supernatural beyond.
285. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 3 > Issue: 1
David Cornberg Simplicity and Complexity in Sign Formation
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This essay uses semiotics and complexity theory to examine processes of sign formation. Simplicity and complexity, construed as differences in configuration of elements, are then applied to sign formation. Sign formation is understood as the effort of one entity to gain the attention of another entity. Examples such as signs of wild animals also show that the signifying functions of signs always happen in time. Simplification of commercial signs can be interpreted as the use of lowest common denominators in human transactions. Analysis of interaction between large numbers of humans and behaviour shows simplification of sign formation and illuminates social-cultural and political processes including the dynamics of violence.
286. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 3 > Issue: 1
Cristina Gelan J. C. Friedrich von Schiller. Aesthetics and Politics
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To arrive at a practical solution in the political problem, one must take the road of aesthetics because, in Schiller’s opinion, it is only through beauty that we arrive at freedom. This can only be demonstrated if we first know the principles by which reason is guided in political legislation; for, although in its aesthetic state human action is truly free and it is free to the highest degree from any constrictions, it is not, nevertheless, beyond laws. Reason and the illumination of the mind, Friedrich Schiller believes, are not enough to make the truth triumph and heal the political: an education of feeling is necessary. The education of feeling represents the most stringent necessity as it becomes both a means to render efficient the improvement of ideas and judgments in practical life, and a cause generating this improvement. For, any amelioration in the sphere of the political must have in view the ennoblement of the character, and the instrument most at hand to this aim is the art of the beautiful.Beauty is the common object of the two impulses or instincts (reason and experience) and is best expressed through the concept of play; it is only play that renders man complete and develops his double nature. Making the beautiful a mere play does not involve a degradation of beauty; restricting the beautiful, which is regarded as an element of culture, to mere play is not in contradiction with the dignity of beauty, but we must look at the idea of play as it was expressed by Johan Huizinga also, and see man as the homo ludens providing the art of life.
287. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 3 > Issue: 1
Carmen Cozma The Modulations of Ethics in an Aesthetic Tonality, from the Perspective of Friedrich Schiller
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A challenge to scrutinize the intimate unity of the aesthetical and the ethical levels of the human beingness in Friedrich Schiller's theoretical writings makes the present essay's content. We approach a basic idea unfolding the creed of the eminent artist and philosopher in the great power of 'beauty' to activate and to enrich the value of 'humanness'. By articulating a conceptual apparatus modulated on the sensitive-rational becoming of human being, our attempt focuses on the meaningfulness of the 'moral living' through the 'art's experience', highlighting a peculiar state, designed by Schiller as "the most sublime humanity". The call for a philosophy of 'beauty' - including the moral dimension - remains a valuable learning to be disclosed, especially in times of spiritual disarray - as the present-days have many similarities with those of the end of the 18th century.
288. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 3 > Issue: 1
Ludmila Bejenaru The Metaphysics of Music at Schopenhauer and Cioran
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Since the first degrees of musicality of mankind, the music became a sphere of investigation for naturalists (Darwin), economists (Karl Bücher), philosophers (Spencer, Schopenhauer, Cioran), who tried to explain, through their theories, the process of the beginning and settlement of this phenomenon as well as its influence on the human being.Schopenhauer will consider art, and especially music, as the only liberating form from delusion and suffering, from the omnipotence will to live. Making a strange parallelism between music and the will to live, Schopenhauer will find between these two a report of identity: “the world is an incarnation of music as well as an incarnation of Will: There is no art besides music that expresses an ideal aspect of Will, the Will itself in its purest essence”.If at Schopenhauer the music expresses the Will itself in its purest essence, at Emil Cioran “the metaphysical madness of the musical experience… weakens the will to live and the vital main springs”.Through music Emil Cioran found the way to himself, to his ego and his profound musical nature.The moments of separating of the delusions world are for the human being moments in which the entire existence feels like a melody and all of the being’s sufferings assemble and melt into “a convergence of sounds, into a musical enthusiasm and into a warm and resonant universal community”, into a “sweet and rhythmic immateriality”.
289. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 3 > Issue: 1
Marius Dumitrescu Giordano Bruno and the Hermetic Experience
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In his writings on mnemonics, Bruno established a complex affinity between magic and Kabbalah on the one hand, and between Lullism and the art of memory on the other. The Nolan is no stranger to the hermetic text of the Renaissance, based on the Corpus Hermeticum and especially on the Kore Kosmu, which pursued value purification of exteriority through interiority.In The Expulsion of the Triumphant Beast, Bruno picks up on the hermetic exercise of pattern conversion, from the sense-related vices towards the reason-related virtues, operating thus a reorientation from the exterior toward the noetic interior. One recognized here the same technique Plato used in his Republic, when he amassed all the gods of Homer into one alone, the embodiment of Truth, Justice and Good.The purpose of The Expulsion dialogue is to grant a return to unity to the intellect. Thus, Bruno unveils the fact that the magical religion of the Egyptians becomes his own, seeking, by way of magical rituals, to attain divine loftiness, that condition in which things acquire their meaning and significance, making thus possible the acknowledgement of their existence.
290. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 3 > Issue: 2
Cristian Ungureanu Vladlen Babcinetchi: The Birth of an Artist
291. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 3 > Issue: 2
Cristian Ungureanu Dialogue between Sphere and Cube (The secrete geometry of Byzantine icons)
292. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 3 > Issue: 2
Jörg Zeller Dynamic sign structures in visual art
293. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 3 > Issue: 2
Ludmila Bejenaru Berdiaev about the Faustic Fate of Culture
294. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 3 > Issue: 2
Simona Mitroiu The oblivion – element of the cultural identity
295. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 3 > Issue: 2
F. Eugeni, R. Mascella, D. Pelusi Uncertainty from philosophical and mathematical point of view
296. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 3 > Issue: 2
Paul Balahur Philosophy and Poetry
297. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 3 > Issue: 2
Paul Balahur The Emergence of Creatology in a Cultural Perspective
298. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 3 > Issue: 2
David Cornberg Levis, Language and the Forking of Correctness: An Essay on Divergence and Change
299. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 4 > Issue: 1
Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka Truth − The Ontopoietic Vortex of Life
300. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 4 > Issue: 1
Magdalena Iorga About Ethics in Academy