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281. Augustinianum: Volume > 58 > Issue: 1
Ewa Wipszycka The Canons of the Council of Chalcedon concerning Monks
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The aim of the article is to propose new answers to four fundamental questions concerning those rulings of the Council of Chalcedon in 451 that aim to regulate the functioning of monastic communities: 1. Why did the authors of the canons in question (emperor Marcian and patriarch Anatolius) propose legal regulations for the key organizational aspects of the life of monastic communities? 2. Which monastic groups were to be subject to these regulations? 3. What were the chances of the regulations being implemented? 4. What role did the canons have in relations between monks and the Church after Chalcedon? In her conclusions, the author emphasizes the Constantinopolitan context of the canons. She sees them as an example of “declarative law”, important in the sphere of ideology but hardly usable in practice. She explains her disagreement with those scholars who hold that the canons’ impact on the life of the Churches in the Empire was significant.
282. Augustinianum: Volume > 58 > Issue: 1
Thomas Clemmons The Common, History, and the Whole: Guiding Themes in De vera religione
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Augustine’s important work De uera religione has been frequently read for its Neoplatonic resonances. However, there is much in the work that cannot be reduced to this reading. Themes such as the importance of the common and public dimension of uera religio, the significance of history, and the function of ‘true religion’ toward the training and renewal of the whole human, are topoi that reveal the dynamic structure of the work. A consideration of these themes in uera rel. brings into full relief Augustine’s answer to why God acted in time and through history for the whole human race and helps to explain Augustine’s complex articulation of Christianity in the work.
283. Augustinianum: Volume > 58 > Issue: 1
Christos Terezis, Lydia Petridou Historical and Systematic Approaches of Pseudo-Dionysious the Areopagite’s De divinis nominibus: A Case Study (George Pachymeres)
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This is a case study of Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite’s De divinis nominibus, a text about God’s names and properties in which human effort to comprehend the projections of the divine energies is described. We specifically focus our attention on the Paraphrasis of George Pachymeres, who was one of the most important representatives of the Palaeologan Renaissance and a great commentator on Pseudo-Dionysius’ works. His introduction to the De divinis nominibus provides us with the opportunity to approach it in two ways: from the historical point of view, we discuss the reason why the text was composed; from the systematic point of view, we discuss some general points about what names and definitions indicate. This is important for a better understanding of the rest of the treatise.
284. Augustinianum: Volume > 58 > Issue: 1
Bengt Alexanderson Conciliorum Oecumenicorum Generaliumque Decreta. IV/1 The Great Councils of the Orthodox Churches: Decisions andSynodika. From Constantinople 861 to Constantinople 1872. IV/2 The Great Councils of the Orthodox Churches: Decisions andSynodika. From Moscow 1551 to Moscow 2000. IV/3 The Great Councils of the Orthodox Churches: Decisions and Synodika. Crete 2016
285. Augustinianum: Volume > 58 > Issue: 1
Bengt Alexanderson Clare K. Rothschild, New Essays on the Apostolic Fathers
286. Augustinianum: Volume > 58 > Issue: 2
E. Margaret Atkins Sorting out Lies: the Eight Categories of St Augustine’s De Mendacio
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St Augustine himself recognised in Retractationes that De Mendacio is a difficult text to understand, because its argument is both complex and dialectical. Understanding the treatise has been further complicated by St Thomas Aquinas’ reading of it in the light of Aristotle, and under the influence of a possibly flawed textual tradition. This article clarifies Augustine’s well known eight categories of lies to resituate them in the social experience of Augustine and his contemporaries. It shows that Augustine’s argument and exegesis are strikingly exploratory and undogmatic. His hard-won conclusion is driven by a demanding understanding of sanctity. A synopsis of the argument of De Mendacio is appended.
287. Augustinianum: Volume > 58 > Issue: 2
Kolawole Chabi Saint Augustine as a Reforming Voice for the Catholic Church in Roman Africa: The Testimony of his Letter 29 to Alypius
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This paper is about the contribution of Saint Augustine to the reform of the Catholic Church in North Africa, through his ministry of preaching. When he was still a priest at Hippo, Augustine waged a forceful and successful war against some pagan practices which had gradually crept into the Church. The common practice of celebrating the dead in the Roman world was being applied to the Saints of the Church and Christians were celebrating their memory by getting drunk. The prohibition of such practices by the authority of the Church met with the resistance of the faithful, so Augustine decided to act precisely through the power of the Word he proclaimed to his flock. In his Letter 29 addressed to Alypius the Bishop of Thagaste, he narrates how he convinced the faithful to stop the celebration of the feast called Laetitia on the feast day of Saint Leontius. After sketching the background of the devotion to the Saints in North Africa, our study examines the line of Augustine’s argumentation that led to the success of this preaching, and hence shows how he contributed to the reform of the Church of his day.
288. Augustinianum: Volume > 59 > Issue: 1
Francesco Berno The Nag Hammadi Reception of 1 Enoch: Some Preliminary Remarks and a Case Study: A Valentinian Exposition (NHC XI, 2; CPG 1216; CC 0669)
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The present article aims at providing a preliminary analysis of the literary and doctrinal relationship between the Nag Hammadi corpus and the Greek translation of 1 Enoch. The first section is devoted to examining the manuscript evidence for the Coptic reception of the Enochic dictate. The second part offers a more specific survey of this debated issue of the Valentinian Exposition (NHC XI, 2) and the so-called Liturgical Fragments (NHC XI, 2a-e).
289. Augustinianum: Volume > 59 > Issue: 1
Pierluigi Leone Gatti Much Ado about Nothing: An Answer to B. D. Shaw’s The Myth of the Neronian Persecution
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In recent years, the veracity of the tradition of the martyrdom of the apostles Peter and Paul has been disputed; recently, Brent Donald Shaw denied the historicity of the persecution of Christians. In this article, the author analyzes the texts of Tacitus and Suetonius as well as other texts omitted by Shaw and demonstrates the inconsistency of the hypotheses put forward by negationist scholars (Zwierlein; Shaw) from a theoretical and historical point of view.
290. Augustinianum: Volume > 59 > Issue: 1
Alberto Ferreiro Braulio of Zaragoza’s Letters on Mourning
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Braulio of Zaragoza (c. 585/595-651) was one of the most prolific writers of seventh century Visigothic Spain. The collection of 44 letters that he wrote are a unique and rich depository of information for that era and region of western Christendom. He was a personal adviser to three Visigothic kings, Chinthila and Chindasvinth and Reccesvinth, and he correspondended with his renowned contemporary Isidore of Seville. This study focuses on the letters that he directed at people who had lost a loved one and who needed consolation in their moment of mourning. The letters do not reveal anything about funerary burial practices, but they do yield a rare personal glimpse of what the Church taught about mourning the dead. Personal letters by their very nature are a literary means where peopleexpress their intimate feelings, in this case both those who were the recipients and Braulio who wrote to them. We see the Bishop of Zaragoza at his pastoral best in the letters of consolation written to family and friends who were mourning.
291. Augustinianum: Volume > 59 > Issue: 1
Jerzy Szafranowski The Life of the Jura Fathers and the Monastic Clergy
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This article challenges the belief – popular in modern scholarship – in the predominantly lay character of monastic communities before the 7th century. A closer look at the early 6th century Life of the Jura Fathers shows monasteries rich in monks who were at the same time presbyters and deacons. The paper investigates the reasons behind the clerical ordinations of monks and examines the various roles of presbyters and deacons in their monasteries. Finally, it considers the ways in which the ordained monks could have destabilized the community and the measures employed to counter their negative influence.
292. Augustinianum: Volume > 59 > Issue: 1
Paul Graham Rowan Williams, Christ the Heart of Creation
293. Augustinianum: Volume > 6 > Issue: 1
J. Hartmann Schnackenburg, R., The Moral Teaching of the New Testament
294. Augustinianum: Volume > 6 > Issue: 1
T. V. Tack Marchioro, R., o. f. m. conv., Elementa Theologiae Moralis: De Principiis
295. Augustinianum: Volume > 6 > Issue: 1
J. Kunst Theunissen, M., Der Andere: Studien zur Sozialontologie der Gegenwart
296. Augustinianum: Volume > 6 > Issue: 1
Grace C. Kennedy Schierse, P. J., Laws of the State of Delaware Affecting Church Property - McGough, J. P., The Laws of the State of Mississippi Affecting Church Property – Welsh, M. J., The Laws of the State of Nevada Affecting Church Property
297. Augustinianum: Volume > 6 > Issue: 1
R. V. Shuhler Feine, H. E., Kirchliche Rechtsgeschichte: Die Katholische Kirche
298. Augustinianum: Volume > 6 > Issue: 1
S. E. Fittipaldi Hinwood, Bonaventura, O. F. M., Race: The Reflections of a Theologian
299. Augustinianum: Volume > 6 > Issue: 1
J. Tourelle Jungmann, J.A., L’Annonce de la Foi, expression de la bonne nouvelle
300. Augustinianum: Volume > 6 > Issue: 1
Kieran Nolan The Immortality of the Soul and the Resurrection of the Body according to Giles of Rome