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221. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 7 > Issue: 1
Sebastian Boţic Is Popper’s ‘Criterion of Demarcation’ outmoded ?
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This paper is concerned with the ′criterion of demarcation′ that Karl Popper put forward, while trying to show that it can be safely said that it is still standing. In doing so, I turn to two main objections to it: a Lakatos-Kuhn vision on the growth of science, and the famous Quine-Duhem thesis. The point that I hopefully made here is that the basic message of this prescriptive method is as respectful as ever, and, although not the subject of this paper, for special emerging fields of knowledge, such us urbanism – my main field of interest, falsifiability can offer the right scientific attitude.
222. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 7 > Issue: 1
Marţian Iovan The Role of Spiritual Values and Beliefs in the Historical Development of Peoples
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An extremely profound knower of the history of the Romanian people and of humankind as a whole, Vasile Goldiş brought an original contribution to the development of philosophy of history. In this respect, without having attempted to write a treatise or to work out a systematic body of work in the field, he discovered objective grounds or “natural laws” determining the evolution lines for historical events, analyzed the relation between trends in lawmaking and the unifying force of spiritual values, expressed his persuasion regarding historical progress, the need for solidarity among people and peoples until humanity would reach a planetary organization of society, a world state capable of securing universal peace, based on the precept of Christian love and succeeding in bringing the human soul and the divine absoluteness together.
223. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 7 > Issue: 1
Nicolito A. Gianan Valuing the emergence of Ubuntu philosophy
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The article aims to support the notion of philosophy emerging from culture; a notion that paves the way for the emergence of ubuntu as a philosophy from an African culture. Understanding this emergence is vital in the manner a particular human community relates with itself and other communities worldwide. Moreover, the idea of ubuntu has become a philosophy that is in dialogue with culture. Hence, from the writer’s punto de vista, this stance further strengthens the argument affirming the value of African culture from which African philosophy has certainly emerged.
224. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 7 > Issue: 1
Alexander Baumgarten „Πλὴν τῆς γῆς". Le sens du toucher et l'unité thématique de traité De l'âme d'Aristote
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In this paper I shall debate the thesis according to which in the Aristotelian treatise On Soul the sense of touch works as a kind of knot for the knowledge faculties and, implicitly, as a unity for the entire treatise: it has a primitive function in the feeding process, it also represents a starting point for both the faculty of motion and knowledge, then relates itself symmetrical to the sense of vision through the typology of the intermediaries and to the intellect through the criterion of nonbeing, and finally reveals to the receiver a kind of truth that has no more the false as an alternative. On the other hand, the intellect recovers in its own faculty the sense of touch by recreating its functions in the connection between intellect and the indivisible intelligibles. Given these relations, the sense of touch represents the main connection of the treatise's large themes from the question of motion to that of knowledge and it is also literally (certain aristotelian remarksover the theme of earth being taken into consideration here) related to the living body.
225. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 7 > Issue: 2
William Ferraiolo Collective Karma and “Blowback”
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In Blowback: The Costs and Consequences of American Empire, Chalmers Johnson offers a prescient analysis of the dangers presented by an unchecked U.S. military-industrial complex and the likely consequences of American interventionism abroad. Blowback’s prescience is revealed by the fact that Johnson predicted escalating terrorist attacks on the United States and its citizens prior to the tragedies of September 11, 2001. He goes on to predict the likely decline and ultimate collapse of what he describes as the “American Empire,” largely as a result of the socio-economic consequences of hyper-militarism and growing anti-American sentiment resulting, at least in part, from America’s aggressive militarism and persistent socio-economic meddling abroad. In this paper, I attempt to formulate the “consequences of American empire” as the fruit of what some Buddhists have termed “collective karma”. A proper analysis of collective karma will, I contend, illuminate the role of America’s military and economic imperialism as causal antecedents of “Blowback,” and will also help us grasp the degree to which American citizens unknowingly (or unthinkingly) support the U.S. military-industrial complex that virtually ensures resentment, hostility, and, ultimately, the collapse of the “empire” – and, with that collapse, the reaping of the bitter fruit of our collective karma.
226. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 7 > Issue: 2
Ştefan Gaie Dilemmas of Public Art (strolling around Richard Serra’s Tilted Arc)
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Public Art has represented a rising artistic genre for the last few decades. Art abandoned museums and galleries to conquer the public space, a fact which gave birth to passionate controversies that cannot be approached only in terms of paradigms of art history. Taking Richard Serra’s controversial sculpture, Tilted Arc, as an example, this article aims at tracing, by means of an interdisciplinary approach, the challenges that public art has been confronted with in the contemporary city.
227. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 7 > Issue: 2
Thor Olav Olsen On Humanization of Life
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To go on in the business of living, man needs a basic certainty. This is what I interpret as metaphysics. A prerequisite for making metaphysics is that you have some understanding of Biography of Philosophy. On the other hand, life is not a pre-given entity; it depends on what you do out it. This is the action directed aspects of life. In short, what I am arguing for is that the human being itself is the foundation for every story we tell and re-tell about what we have done, and what we are doing in review of our plans and project for the future.
228. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 7 > Issue: 2
Daniel Ungureanu Sayyid Qutb's Ideological Influence On Contemporary Muslim Communities Across Western Europe
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Sayyid Qutb promoted the idea of a pan-Islamic state, governed solely by the shari'a (Islamic law) as an idea whose time has come, in an era of trans-national ideologies. He argues that all contemporary societies returned to state of jahiliyya or pre-Islamic ignorance, in which authority and primacy of God have been replaced by other sources of authority, justifying this way the launch of jihad. As stated Qutb, jihad against unbelievers is wearing by sword and spear and against the hypocrites by argument and word.
229. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 7 > Issue: 2
Nicolae Râmbu The Puerilism. An Axiological Approach
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Theoreticians of civilization have defined a series of anomalies of the European culture as cultural maladies. But this notion was used from author to author with very different meanings, being vaguely defined or used as a simple metaphor. In the ideological discourse of the Third Reich the references to the maladies of the European culture are frequently correlated to the references to the savior Reich. The present study suggests the concept of axiological malady in order to designate more precisely a series of unhealthy phenomenon of the European culture, for instance the puerilism.
230. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 7 > Issue: 2
Erdoğan Kaya, Nazlı Gökçe Environmental Education Projects Conducted at Primary Schools in Turkey
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Projects conducted at primary schools are of great importance in environmental education. In this study, interviews were carried out with teachers who were theparticipants of particular environmental projects. This survey study is conducted through a descriptive research method, namely, semi-structured interviews. The data were analyzed descriptively. The study revealed that teachers felt environmental education projects made various contributions to students, schools, school staff, teachers, parents, and the school environment. However, it was discovered that teachers experienced some problems in project implementation. The solutions offered by teachers who experienced these problems were also determined.
231. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 7 > Issue: 2
Constantinos Maritsas Human Language as a Tool of Lie
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The problem of human language is studied in the context of the definition “civilization” on the basis of Darwin’s theory. The author defines civilization as “survival of the unfit”. The author supposes that language was invented by the men to describe their heroic deeds for the women in order to be selected by them for reproduction. In other words, language became a selection criterion together with beauty and presents.
232. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 7 > Issue: 2
Md. Munir Hossain Talukder Going to School in South Asia
233. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 7 > Issue: 2
Teodor Negru Culture and Capitalism. Genealogy of Consumer Culture
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Within the context of today’s world overwhelmed by the increasing importance of capitalism, the need to analyse the relationship between man and capital in order to better understand the transformations culture has been undergoing. This endeavour relies on the idea that many concepts and phenomena whose presence in our lives is increasingly felt, and which are defining for what we call postmodernism, have originated in the modern times. The capital is an illustrative example to this purpose: it was discovered during the modern era at the time of the emergence of the production process and underlay all transformations of later modernism. The growth of capital circulation speed has resulted in leaving aside its relationship with production and in its being re-rethought from the viewpoint of man’s desires. Thus, the transition has been made from the becoming being paradigm, theorised by the modernists, to the concept of volatile being, whose effects are being experimented in postmodernism.
234. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 7 > Issue: 2
Maximiliano E. Korstanje IRONMAN: Terrorism, Security and Fear or How the Phantom of Past Works
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Centered in the analysis of discourse over films, the present work debates the general drawing of the film IRONMAN and its connection of Muslim terrorism. Ourmain thesis is that globalization plays a pervasive role since at a first glance homogenizes the domination of technology, economic linkages and rationalization while for the other side it entails a process of re-territorialization based on an elusive logic. Cynically, whether we accept that the doctrine of free-market postulates the exchange between developed and underdeveloped nations physical and symbolic barriers to migration are erected from periphery to center. The poverty and lack of perspective pave the ways for the upsurge of national movements. Even though terrorism can be part of social discontent, some other alternatives within the law are possible. This discourse that nourished the American ethnocentrism in the last years can be viewed in several movies and the industry of entertainment. Muslim Terrorist as social construal has become in a social taboo, for one hand this generates fear but at the same time attraction. In terms of Eliade, Althusser, Wolf, Ricoeur and Zizek one might surmise that ideology works as something else than a dissuasive message. Ideology, and of course IRONMAN helps viewers to resolve the contradictions between nature and culture.
235. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 7 > Issue: 2
Ayşe Sibel Türküm Stance against Violence at Schools: School Staff’s Ethical Roles in the Well-Being of Students in Turkey
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Violence, especially against children, is a very serious problem worldwide. Violence at schools is one aspect of violence against children and it occurs in the similar ways in Turkey as it does in other countries. The studies on the roles and functions of school staff reveal that there is a problem with regard to this issue in Turkey. This study aims to discuss school staff’s ethical roles in ensuring the wellbeing of students in Turkey. The current situation of violence at schools in the country is discussed in terms of the expected roles of school staff.
236. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 7 > Issue: 2
Peter S. Borkowski Aporetics as Philosophic Culture
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This paper attempts to outline a model for introducing students to philosophical analysis based on presentations of the aporia by Nicholas Rescher. It isdeveloped from the premise that philosophy is a distinct culture of its own wherever it can be identified and that such basic exercises in critical thinking represent one of the common denominators running through all philosophical activity: namely, rational analysis of linguistic terms and logical possibilities. Dr. Rescher’s work over the years in logic is rightfully admired; however, not enough attention has been paid to the many fruitful applications his work has for pedagogical purposes in philosophy.
237. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 7 > Issue: 2
Artur Lakatos War, Martyrdom and Suicide Bombers: Essay on Suicide Terrorism
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This paper deals with the subject of self-sacrifice from an interdisciplinary perspective. Using various examples from different cultures and periods of history it will present aspects of the phenomenon of violent self-sacrifice in combat or with the occasion of suicide terrorist attacks, currents and movements familiar with these techniques through history; its psychological, moral and social background and above all, their impact and perception on the suicide terrorist's own society. It also includes, from a general, theoretical point of view, a few methods and practices beneficial for fighting this phenomenon.
238. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 7 > Issue: 2
Marius Sidoriuc Medicine for the Maladies of the Spirit
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A madhouse can be regarded as the realm where concepts do not have a constantly changing topos. This autarchic sanctuary has no “patients” and is a true malady of the soul. An “engaged” philosophy is one which deals with the selection of concept consumption. On behalf of the healthiness of the spirit, the authorial voices have engaged themselves in a therapeutic writing. ”The world” had to be cured, the maladies of the soul were a threat everywhere. The concepts, qua therapeutic agents have taken on this role. But if the malady itself would be constitutive of the spirit, a medicina mundi through which the creation of concepts is a Genesis, a permanent naming is offered as an alternative for the “healing” of the spirit. This is the thesis through which in Six Maladies of the Contemporary Spirit, the philosopher Constantin Noica chose to portray six maladies of which the soul would be “suffering” and which make the object of this paper.
239. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 7 > Issue: 2
Douglas I.O. Anele Western Technical Civilization and Regional Cultures in Nigeria: the Igbo Experience
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This paper examines the impact of the introduction of Western (European) technical civilization on regional cultures in Nigeria, using Igboland in South-EasternNigeria as a test case. It begins with a discussion of some general features of Western technical civilization whose evolution has been profoundly influenced by technological advances in Europe and her cultural colonies in North America and elsewhere. Consequences of the contact between Western technical civilization and traditional Igbo culture are also examined. The paper concludes by discussing the challenging problem of Africa’s contribution to technical civilization.
240. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 7 > Issue: 2
Cristobal Orrego Steven J. Jensen, Good and Evil Actions. A Journey through Saint Thomas Aquinas