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21. Social Philosophy Today: Volume > 12
William McBride The Philosophy of Marx in the Wake of 1989: A New Appraisal
22. Social Philosophy Today: Volume > 12
Noel Boulting On Endymion’s Fate: Responses to the Fear of Death
23. Social Philosophy Today: Volume > 12
Caroline Joan S. Picart Inside Notes from the Outside: The Politics of Gender, Race, Myth, Language and Spatiality in bell hooks and Margaret Fuller
24. Social Philosophy Today: Volume > 12
James P. Cadello Challenges to Social Philosophy: Baudrillard and Kristeva
25. Social Philosophy Today: Volume > 12
Rivca Gordon, Haim Gordon Some Educational Implications of Sartre’s First Principle of Existentialism
26. Social Philosophy Today: Volume > 12
Sally J. Scholz A Feminist Look at Ferdinand Schoeman’s Privacy and Social Freedom
27. Social Philosophy Today: Volume > 12
John Davenport Deontology and the Antinomy of Libertarianism: A Response to James Sterba
28. Social Philosophy Today: Volume > 12
George G. Brenkert Schoernan on Private and Public Morality
29. Social Philosophy Today: Volume > 12
James Mahoney Discourses of Conflict
30. Social Philosophy Today: Volume > 17
Nikolas Kompridis On the Task of Social Philosophy: A Reply to Axel Honneth
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Axel Honneth has recently proposed a reformulation of the task of social philosophy as the 'diagnosis of social pathologies'-i.e. as the critical diagnosis ofprocesses of social decline, fragmentation, and alienation. In this paper I evaluate Honneth's proposed reformulation, supplementing my criticisms with an alternative of my own.
31. Social Philosophy Today: Volume > 17
Jordy Rocheleau Communication, Recognition and Politics: Reconciling the Critical Theories of Honneth and Habermas
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Axel Honneth has outlined a critical social theory in terms of recognition. He has recently argued that his theory is superior to the communications framework ofHabermas in that it better achieves the goals of providing normative criticism of society's ability to foster genuine and full sell-realization and explaining how emancipatory social movements can emerge within existing society. After exploring these arguments and their implications for critical theory, this paper concludes that Honneth's criticisms of Habermas fail and that the former's recognition theory cannot provide an adequate free-standing alternative critical framework. lnstead, it is argued that recognition theory is best seen as a complement of a critical theory for which the normative basis remains Habermasian discourse ethics.
32. Social Philosophy Today: Volume > 17
Joseph Betz The Definition of Massacre
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Examining the reasons for the conventional application of the term 'massacre' to some sorts of killings but not others, I arrive at this definition of the term. A massacre is the mass murder and mutilation of innocent victims by an assailant or assailants immediately present at the scene. This is a conventional and not a stipulative definition. Many standard definitions are imprecise for several reasons. They might say the killing is unnecessary or indiscriminate or at a distance or they might confuse it with terrorism. lmprecise definitions do not grasp the etymological connection to the slaughterhouse, the limited space at the scene, or the cruelty required of the assailants. The difference between weak and strong, descriptive and evaluative uses of the term 'massacre' allows for dishonesty and propagandistic uses of the term.
33. Social Philosophy Today: Volume > 17
Irina Predborska Toward a New Paradigm in Social Philosophy
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The new social reality of the end of twentieth century has created the need to reexamine our social theories. This paper is devoted to the methodological andtheoretical aspects of a new paradigm for social philosophy. The author formulates the main features of the paradigm: restricted rationalism, pluralism, variability, multi-dimensionality, stochasticity, the human dimension of social processes, alternativity, non-predictability, catastrophicity, and self-organization. The author then uses the methodological tools of this paradigm to reconstruct and examine the socio-cultural reality in post-communist Ukraine.
34. Social Philosophy Today: Volume > 17
Juris Rozenvalds The Role of Intellectuals in the Reconciliation Processes in Post-Communist Latvia
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The role of intellectuals in the reconciliation between Latvians and Russians in postcommunist Latvia is analysed in the context of the traditional philosophicalproblem of the social role of philosophers and based on the ideas of Plato, Kant and Foucault. In accordance with Kant's understanding of the political role of philosophers, the main political functions of the intellectuals a repointed out. Despite the important role played by Latvian intellectuals in the so-called "singing revolution," they did not fullill their critical potential in opposition to the mass consciousness after the renewal of independence. Nowadays the establishment of dialogue between Latvian and Russian communities, based on mutual understanding and respect for otherness, is a crucial presupposition for the long-term stability of Latvian society. Whether this dialogue arises is to a great extent a question of moral choice made by intellectuals from both sides.
35. Social Philosophy Today: Volume > 17
Richard M. Buck Sincerity and Reconciliation in Public Reason
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In Political Liberalism and the essay "The Idea of Public Reason Revisited" John Rawls argues that citizens must refrain from introducing sectarian values intopolitical debate over fundamental political questions unless the positions they are endorsing can be supported by public reasons. I will argue that this duty allows for a more limited use of non-public ideas and values than is suggested in Rawls's discussion. ln addition, I will argue that reconciliation between citizens and the reinvigoration of free exchange and debate both call for an extension of this duty to debate over issues that are of immediate concern to citizens. I argue that public reason requires citizens to support only those public policies which can be defended by appeal to liberal political values (values such as comity, social stability, equality, happiness), and to sincerely affirm liberal political values as the ultimate justification of the use of state power to implement the public policies they support.
36. Social Philosophy Today: Volume > 17
Sylvia Burrow Reasonable Moral Psychology and the Kantian Ace in the Hole
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Rawls's political constructivism in Political Liberalism maintains that the two principles of justice will be accepted and endorsed by persons who are both reasonable and rational. A Theory of Justice explains the motivation to endorse the political conception on the basis of a Kantian moral psychology. Both Leif Wenar and Brian Barry argue that despite Rawls's claims to the contrary, the later work still supposes a Kantian moral psychology. If so, political constructivism fails to account for stability in society among a plurality of reasonable conceptions of good. This paper draws on Rawls's distinction in Political Liberalism between the political and nonpolitical moral sell characterizing each citizens' moral identity in claiming that the two parts of the sell correlate to two sets of motivation, political and moral motivation. This account explains resolution of conflict in the agent in favor of the political conception without invoking a Kantian moral psychology.
37. Social Philosophy Today: Volume > 17
Stephen Finn Geometry and the Science of Morality in Hobbes
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In the central chapters of Leviathan, Hobbes offers a demonstration of the "true doctrine of the laws of nature," which is identified with the "science of virtue andvice" and the "true moral philosophy." In his deduction of the laws of nature, Hobbes attempts to mimic the science of geometry, which he says is the "only science God had hitherto bestowed on mankind. "In this paper, I discuss some of the problems associated with Hobbes's application of the method of geometry to civil philosophy. After locating the root of these problems in Hobbes's in ability to recognize the distinction between formal and applied sciences, I discuss a possible solution. According to this solution, Hobbes's "science of morality" is considered to be a formal science that is applied to the world by an act of human creation.
38. Social Philosophy Today: Volume > 17
Lou Marinoff The Geometry of Defection: Cascading Mimicry and Contract-Resistant Structures
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This paper examines a social contractarian model in which an actor cooperates by mimicry; that is, cooperates just in case there is majority cooperation in his orher vicinity. A computer simulation is developed to study the relation between initial and final proportions of such cooperators, as wel l as to chart the population dynamics themselves. The model turns out to be non-linear; item bodies a quintessentially chaotic threshold. The simulation also yields other unforeseen results, revealing a "geometry of delection" that unites delecting cells into robust molecular formations which persist with in overall cooperative domains, or which under certain conditions undermine cooperativeness entirely. The model thus sheds so me light on the structura l dimension of mimicry that underlies social communication, conflict and its resolution.
39. Social Philosophy Today: Volume > 17
Introduction
40. Social Philosophy Today: Volume > 17
Jan Narveson Communication and Human Good: The Twentieth Century's Main Achievement
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The invention of computers, and especially their communication capabilities is revolutionary in several ways. They show the paramount importance of communication in human life, as well as facilitating revolutionary improvements in virtually all areas of social life: business, the arts, agriculture, and others. They put in perspective the erroneous outlook of "materialism" -the idea that human well-being is a matter of accumulating material objects, with a corollary that we must be using up the material resources that make such life possible. In fact, we use fewer and fewer material resources to make life better. Given human ingenuity, natural resources simply do not pose any basic restriction on human potential. Humanity can be in for a great future, provided our politics can be kept from wrecking it all. Will we have the wisdom to leave people to their devices and continue to forward all this progress?