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21. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 17
Kenneth L. Grasso The Freedom of the Church and the Taming of Leviathan: The Christian Revolution, Dignitatis Humanae, and Western Liberty
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This essay explores the impact of the ancient principle of the freedom of the Church—identified by the Second Vatican Council as “the fundamental principle” governing “the relations between the Church and governments and the whole civil order”—on both Western civilization and the development of modern Catholic social thought. Arguing that this principle requires the articulation and institutionalization of a new understanding of society and government, it contends this principle revolutionized the structure of Western political life and helped lay the groundwork for Western liberty. At the same time, it maintains that the development in contemporary Catholic social teaching that crystallizes in Dignitatis Humanae must be seen in the context of the ongoing effort of Catholic thought to understand the nature and role of the state towards which the idea of the freedom of the Church points.
22. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 17
Edward J. O’Boyle Profit Maximization and the Subjective Dimension of Work
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To be consistent with John Paul II’s assertion of the primacy of the subjective dimension of work—of “being” versus “having”—it is necessary to reject profit maximization as the primary objective of the firm. In its place, the author proposes instead that the firm’s foremost objective is the maximization of personalist capital. Properly understood, profits are a necessary condition for the firm’s survival but not its primary goal. The concept of personalist capital in effect incorporates the subjective dimension of work into microeconomic theory without dismissing the objective dimension entirely.
23. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 17
Gary D. Glenn Symposium: Tocqueville and Catholicism: Introduction
24. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 17
Ernest A. Greco Review Essay: Pius XII and the Battle for Rome
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Robert Katz’s The Battle for Rome (2003) is an unfair indictment of Pope Pius XII. Through various distortions and oversights, Katz faults Pius’s “open city” strategy and his anti-communism for failing to protect the Jews and other Italians during the German occupation of Rome in World War II. In truth, the pope’s strategy was as successful as could reasonably be expected under the circumstances.
25. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 17
John Hart Research Note: Ecological Study of Selected Predictors and Abortion Rates by State, 2005
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This ecological study compares 2005 abortion rates by state to a number of variables thought to be related to abortion. Higher abortion rates were observed in states having: 1) larger vote for Democratic Party candidate for president, 2) higher percent Catholic population, 3) higher black population, 4) lower income, and 5) higher number of abortion providers.
26. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 17
Paul A. Rahe Tocqueville on Christianity and the Natural Equality of Man
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Democracy in America never mentions the Declaration of Independence. Is this perhaps a sign of hostility to the Declaration’s natural-rights teaching or to abstract principles? Or is it no more significant than The Federalist’s silence on this matter? Both are books of political science, not political philosophy; yet, when appropriate, Tocqueville addresses first principles, and endorses a natural-rights doctrine similar to Locke’s. He wrote primarily for the French, addressing issues he thought decisive for them, especially reconciling the ultra-royalists and the French Catholic Church to the new democratic order. This guided the aspects of American democracy he wanted to emphasize. Thus Jesus Christ’s coming to earth was a political turning point in human history because he “made it understood that all members of the human species are naturally alike and equal.” Given aristocratic dominance in ancient society, without that event the principle of equality might never have been discovered.
27. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 17
James Likoudis Kenneth D. Whitehead, Affirming Religious Freedom: How Vatican Council II Developed the Church’s Teaching to Meet Today’s Needs
28. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 17
Ronald J. Rychlak Pope Pius XII: About Those Archives
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Questions about Pope Pius XII’s leadership during World War II continue to color Catholic-Jewish relations. While many scholars have engaged in research on the topic, a growing number argue that no conclusions can be reached until all relevant Vatican archives have been opened and reviewed. This paper argues that currently open Vatican archives, supplemented with eyewitness accounts and documents from other sources, provide a consistent portrait of the wartime pope as a champion of the victims, opponent of the villains, and inspiration to the rescuers. As such, even without opening additional archives, the documentary record supports the Holy See’s determination that Pius XII led a life of “heroic virtue.”
29. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 17
Ryan J. Barilleaux Dystopia and the Gospel of Life
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Two works of speculative fiction present visions of a dystopian future in which human life and human dignity are attacked in the name of pleasure and the greater good. These works, Huxley’s Brave New World and Percy’s The Thanatos Syndrome, not only anticipate several key aspects of the prophetic message of Evangelium Vitae, but they help to make concrete and to illustrate the dangers that John Paul II was warning the world about in his 1995 encyclical.
30. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 17
Stephen M. Krason Thoughts On Immigration
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This article is one of SCSS President Stephen M. Krason’s “Neither Left nor Right, but Catholic” online columns. It briefly addresses, in light of Catholic social teaching, the immigration question that has been a major public issue in the U.S.
31. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 17
Michael P. Orsi Ron Chernow, Washington: A Life
32. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 17
Adam Tate James M. Woods, A History of the Catholic Church in the American South, 1513–1900
33. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 17
19th Annual National Meeting-Conference Schedule
34. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 17
Joseph A. Varacalli Catholicism, the Tea Party Movement, and American Civilization: Questions, Propositions, and Proposals
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Based on a paper presented, and the feedback received, at the 19th Annual Conference of the Society of Catholic Social Scientists held at Franciscan University, in Steubenville, Ohio, October 29th, 2011, this short article proposes to initiate what could be an important research project intended to study the relationship between Catholicism and, respectively, the Tea Party movement and American civilization. Given the generally accepted understanding that American civilization is in the midst of a deep crisis, such a study hopes to provide, among other important analyses, both a Catholic critique of the present crisis and a Catholic critique of the Tea Party movement and the latter’s proposed solutions to the contemporary dysfunctional transformation of the American democratic republic.
35. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 17
Kenneth L. Grasso Taking Religion Seriously: Reflections on Tocqueville, Catholicism, and Democratic Modernity
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The contributions to this symposium raise several issues that extend beyond an examination of Tocqueville’s Democracy in America. For example, is the conventional distinction between ancient and modern in political philosophy too simplistic? Is religion necessary to preserve democracy, and if so, what kind of religion must it be? Theological and sociological sources both suggest that the fate of democracy in the modern world is inextricably, not merely accidentally, connected with the fate of Christianity.
36. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 17
Christopher Tollefsen Fertility and Gender: Issues in Reproductive and Sexual Ethics. Edited by Helen Watt
37. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 17
Brian Simboli Ex Corde Ecclesiae, Social Science, and the Public Square
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This essay explores the relationship between Ex Corde Ecclesiae and its application in the United States on the one hand and the practice and teaching of the social sciences on the other. The paper reflects on ways the bishops and laity can advance the social sciences, which provide the current-day lingua franca of public discourse, and expresses the need to invoke social scientific research in the public square.
38. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 17
Carson Holloway Toward the Common Good: A Catholic Critique of the Discipline of Political Science , edited by Robert F. Gorman
39. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 18
Bryan Cross Christopher S. Lutz, Reading Alasdair MacIntyre’s After Virtue and Jeffrey L. Nicholas, Reason, Tradition, and the Good: MacIntyre’s Tradition-Constituted Reason and Frankfurt School Critical Theory
40. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 18
Stephen M. Krason Free Speech: The Last Right to Be Lost
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This article was one of SCSS President Stephen M. Krason’s online “Neither Left nor Right, but Catholic” columns. It appeared on April 1, 2012. There is a link to Krason’s monthly column at the SCSS website (www.catholicsocialscientists.org). Since August 2012, his column also appears at Crisismagazine.com. This article considers new, serious threats to free speech in the contemporary Western world.