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101. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology: Volume > 10 > Issue: 1
Junichi Murata From Challenger to Columbia: What lessons can we learn from the accident investigation board for engineering ethics.
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One of the most important tasks of engineering ethics is to give engineers the tools required to act ethically to prevent possible disastrous accidents which could result from engineers’ decisions and actions. The space shuttle Challenger disaster is referred to as a typical case in almost every textbook. This case is seen as one from which engineers can learn important lessons, as it shows impressively how engineers should act as professionals, to prevent accidents. The Columbia disaster came seventeen years later in 2003. According to the report of the Columbia accident investigation board, the main cause of the accident was not individual actions which violated certain safety rules but rather was to be found in the history and culture of NASA. A culture is seen as one which desensitizedmanagers and engineers to potential hazards as they dealt with problems of uncertainty. This view of the disaster is based on Dian Vaughan’s analysis of the Challenger disaster, where inherent organizational factors and culture within NASA had been highlighted as contributing to the disaster. Based on the insightful analysis of the Columbia report and the work of Diane Vaughan, we search for an alternative view of engineering ethics. We focus on the inherent uncertainty of engineers’ work with respect to hazard precaution. We discuss claims that the concept of professional responsibility, which plays a central role in orthodox engineering ethics, is too narrow and that we need a broader and more fundamental concept of responsibility. Responsibility which should be attributed to every person related to an organization and therefore given the range of responsible persons, governments, managers, engineers, etc. might be called “civic virtue”. Only on the basis of this broad concept of responsibility of civic virtue, we can find a possible way to prevent disasters and reduce the hazards that seem to be inseparable part of the use of complex technological systems.
102. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology: Volume > 10 > Issue: 1
Ibo van de Poel, Peter Kroes Introduction: Technology and Normativity
103. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology: Volume > 10 > Issue: 2
Paul T. Durbin Chapter 19: Dutch Schools
104. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology: Volume > 10 > Issue: 2
Paul T. Durbin Chapter 17: The Last Hoorah for Philosophy and Technology
105. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology: Volume > 10 > Issue: 2
Sheldon Krimsky Chapter 22: Philosophy of Biotechnology
106. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology: Volume > 10 > Issue: 2
Larry Hickman, Andrew Light Chapter 24: Philosophy and “Quotidian” Technologies such as Films
107. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology: Volume > 10 > Issue: 2
Paul T. Durbin An Introductory Essay: A Framework for Understanding Philosophical Controversies
108. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology: Volume > 10 > Issue: 2
Langdon Winner Chapter 11: A Non-Marxist Radical Critique
109. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology: Volume > 10 > Issue: 2
Andrew Light Chapter 21: Philosophy of Technology and Environmental Ethics
110. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology: Volume > 10 > Issue: 2
Andrew Feenberg Chapter 12: A Neo-Marxist Critique
111. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology: Volume > 10 > Issue: 2
Paul T. Durbin Chapter 10: Don Ihde and the Hermeneutics of Technological Perception
112. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology: Volume > 10 > Issue: 2
Paul T. Durbin Chapter 13: SPT Goes International: Spain and Germany
113. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology: Volume > 10 > Issue: 2
Paul T. Durbin Chapter 18: Albert Borgmann and a Philosophy of Technology?
114. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology: Volume > 10 > Issue: 2
Paul T. Durbin Chapter 9: An Early Attempt to Turn Philosophy and Technology into Philosophy of Technology: Joseph Pitt
115. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology: Volume > 10 > Issue: 2
Paul T. Durbin Chapter 2: Philosophy of Science and Social Responsibility: Alex Michalos
116. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology: Volume > 10 > Issue: 2
Paul T. Durbin Chapter 1: A Premature Attempt at Discourse Synthesis: Carl Mitcham in Thinking through Technology
117. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology: Volume > 10 > Issue: 2
Paul T. Durbin Chapter 15: Philosophy of Engineering
118. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology: Volume > 10 > Issue: 2
Paul T. Durbin Chapter 8: Edmund Byrne on Work
119. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology: Volume > 10 > Issue: 2
Larry Hickman Chapter 14: American Pragmatism and Technology
120. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology: Volume > 10 > Issue: 2
Paul T. Durbin Chapter 4: A Marxist Critique of Capitalist Technology: Marx Wartofsky