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101. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 14 > Issue: 1
Contributors
102. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 14 > Issue: 1
Randall Williams The Ballot and the Bullet: Anti-Juridical Praxis from Malcolm X and Nelson Mandela to the Bolivarian Revolution
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This essay examines multiple iterations of anti-juridicalism in relation to shifting forms of postwar imperialism and decolonization. The anti-juridical designates a differential political praxis of rights and law grounded in conditions of subalternity and revolutionary struggle. It stands in opposition to the abstract, neutraluniversality advanced by dominant theories of liberallegalism and hegemonic conceptions of the rule of law. In contemporary modalities, anti-juridical praxis serves as a necessary, critical supplement to the articulation of constituent power in the postcolony with profound implications for constructing a state of law and justice, and for building of a new internationalism of peoples.
103. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 14 > Issue: 1
Melissa A. Mosko Toward a New Humanity
104. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 14 > Issue: 1
Elizabeth Purcell Fetishizing Ontology: Julia Kristeva and Slavoj Žižek on the Structure of Desire
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Recently Slavoj Žižek has critiqued certain "feminist" readings of Lacan's feminine structure of desire, including Julia Kristeva, for postulating a feminine discourse which is supposedly beyond the phallic economy. This paper defends Kristeva's position, both by noting how Žižek Hegelian ontology prevents him from utilizing the resources of sexual difference and by clarifying Kristeva's double account of maternity. One consequence of this investigation is that a Kristevean theory of desire will provide one with a new form of political intervention by isolating sites of resistence that Žižek disavows. Another consequence is a refiguration of "feminist" psychoanalytic practice.
105. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 14 > Issue: 1
Michael Larson The Politics of Postanarchism
106. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 14 > Issue: 1
Executive Editorial Committee and Editorial Board
107. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 14 > Issue: 1
Sebastian Purcell Two Paths to the Ontological Turn: Alain Badiou and Slavoj Žižek on Events and Politics
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Discourses on the “event” today mark a profound opportunity for philosophic thought to change direction in its focus, particularly for those interested in the prospect of rehabilitating the communist hypothesis. Of the thinkers that have come to write on this topic Alain Badiou and Slavoj Žižek have emerged as leading the way. Their joint proposal aims to subvert the need for epistemological reflection by (re)turning to a totally new sense of ontology, one that results in a new account of revolutionary, or “evental,” political action. Yet while animated by a joint aim, both thinkers propose utterly distinct paths to their conclusion: Žižek proposes a "finite" account of evental change, Badiou an "infinite" account. The aim of the present essay is thus to evaluate these competing claims, and it is argued that while Žižek's work is laudable in many respects, it nevertheless fails to grasp the full scope of Badiou's critique of finitude. Žižek's proposed revival of Post-Kantian Idealism, then, is exposed as highly problematic, so that the only reasonable path for philosophic thought is to follow Badiou's turn to infinite thought in some way.
108. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 14 > Issue: 1
Lorenzo Fabbri From Inoperativeness to Action: On Giorgio Agamben’s Anarchism
109. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 14 > Issue: 1
David Detmer Sartre: Anticolonialist, Antiracist
110. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 14 > Issue: 1
Robert C. Perez Guantánamo and the Logic of Colonialism: The Deportation of Enemy Indians and Enemy Combatants to Cuba
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The creation of the prison camp at the U.S. naval base in Guantánamo Bay, Cuba is part of a historical continuity of colonialism on the island. Over two hundred years before the United States sent the first "enemy combatants" to Cuba, the Spanish Empire began sending "enemy Indians" to the island. The rationales and circumstances that gave rise to the prison complex in Guantánamo share much in common with those that motivated Spain to imprison Apaches and other Native people on Cuba. This essay argues that the policies of both Spain and the United States have roots in a similar logic of colonialism.
111. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 16 > Issue: 2
Call for Papers: Political Theory and Philosophy in a Time of Mass Incarceration
112. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 16 > Issue: 2
Peter Marcuse Occupy Consciousness: Reading the 1960s and Occupy Wall Street with Herbert Marcuse
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Herbert Marcuse was concerned with many of the same issues that confront the Occupy Wall Street movement today. Change the militant “students” in the 1960s to the militant “occupiers” today, and his views on their philosophical bases and strategies for change remain similar. Militant protest is reacting to an aggressive, profit-driven system, reducing its subservient population to consumption-fixated one-dimensionality. The ideology-motivated militants cannot by themselves change things all at once, yet the ideological/psychological elements can lead the material bases of the struggle to produce radical change in one area at a time, suggesting an agenda akin to the “long march through the institutions” of the 1960s.
113. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 16 > Issue: 2
Christopher Holman Toward a Politics of Nonidentity: Rethinking the Political Philosophy of Herbert Marcuse
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This paper will provide an immanent critique of the political theory of Herbert Marcuse. I argue that Marcuse’s politics are often inadequate when considered from the standpoint of his theory of socialism, the latter being understood as the realization of the negative human capacity for creation in all those fields within which the human being is active. Although Marcuse’s politics often reveals itself as instrumental and managerialist in orientation, I will argue that there nevertheless remains a certain countertendency in his philosophy, one which can be seen as affirming a negative and nonidentitarian politics of overcoming that looks always toward creation.
114. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 16 > Issue: 2
Clayton Pierce Educational Life and Death: Reassessing Marcuse's Critical Theory of Education in the Neoliberal Age
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Drawing upon Herbert Marcuse’s lectures and writings on education, I argue that foundational to his critical theory of education is a biopolitical project calling for the pedagogical production of new human beings under counterrevolutionary types of education. In the second section, I put Marcuse’s biopolitically rethought critical theory of education into conversation with W. E. B. Du Bois’s critique of caste education, as both share the demand for an abolition ethic to be the ontological grounding of the educational subject. Ultimately, I argue an abolition politics needs to be the basis for reimagining education in counterrevolutionary times.
115. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 16 > Issue: 2
Heather Love Queer Critique, Queer Refusal
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In a moment of widespread assimilation of lesbians and gays, there are also continuing exclusions—of poor queers, queers of color, undocumented queers, disabled queers, nonmonogamous queers, transgender people, and others. Herbert Marcuse’s reflections on sexuality, freedom, and negation are helpful in articulating a strategy and an ethics for a renewed queer criticism—one alive to both new inclusions and ongoing exclusions. Focusing on Marcuse’s concept of the Great Refusal, this paper considers the marginalization of gender and sexual outsiders as a political resource, the basis for a project of difference without limits.
116. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 16 > Issue: 2
Nancy J. Hirschmann Disability, Feminism, and Intersectionability: A Critical Approach
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Critical theorists should turn to disability as an important category of intersectional analysis. I demonstrate this through one type of critical theory—namely, feminism. Disability intersects with all vectors of identity, since disability affects people of all races, ethnicities, religions, genders, sexualities, and classes. Gender and sexuality are particularly illustrative because disability is configured in ways that map onto negative images of femininity (e.g., weakness, dependence). Additionally, the ways in which feminist and disability scholars undertake analysis are complementary. And because these two fields are inherently interdisciplinary, dialogue between them can yield a richer notion of intersectionality within intersectionality.
117. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 16 > Issue: 2
Sarah Lynn Kleeb The Violence of Tolerance: At the Intersection of Liberation Theology and Critical Theory
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Utilizing insights from liberation theologians and critical theorists, this paper examines the intersection of tolerance and violence, as manifest in contemporary world events, particularly the 2010 G20 protests in Toronto. Connecting Marcuse’s scathing critique of tolerance to first, second, and third forms of violence, elucidated by Dom Hélder Câmara, suggests that the modern conception of tolerance does little to hinder the violence of the state. Câmara asserts that reactionary violence is wholly dependent on the initial engagement of representatives of authority; Marcuse may have considered such reactions a refusal of blind tolerance and an assertion of agency in the face of repression.
118. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 16 > Issue: 2
Arnold L. Farr, Douglas Kellner, Andrew T. Lamas, Charles Reitz Critical Refusals in Theory and Practice: The Radical Praxis of Herbert Marcuse and Angela Davis
119. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 16 > Issue: 2
Francis Dupuis-Déri Herbert Marcuse and the "Antiglobalization" Movement: Thinking through Radical Opposition to Neoliberal Globalization
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There is at present a broad social movement opposing the advanced capitalist system and the politicians that support it. As in the 1960s, this political current is comprised of reformists (social democrats) on the one hand and radicals (anticapitalists and antiauthoritarians) on the other. In proposing a rereading of Herbert Marcuse, we hope to facilitate a better understanding of the frame of mind of the radicals participating in today’s movement against capitalist globalization. The limitations of Marcuse’s thought may point to the limitations of contemporary radicalism while highlighting its originality when compared to the protest movements of the previous generation.
120. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 16 > Issue: 2
Toorjo Ghose Democracy by Day, Police State by Night: What the Eviction of Occupy Philadelphia Revealed about Policing in the United States
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Examining the eviction of Occupy Philadelphia from city hall on November 30, 2011, this paper analyzes police tactics to address public protests in the United States. The results highlight three aspects of the police strategy deployed during the eviction: (1) a preconceived plan to manage protests, (2) the use of militarized tactics to implement this management plan, and (3) the imposition of a state of dissociative meditation triggered by the incarceration that followed the eviction. The strategy of management, militarization, and meditation (or the 3M strategy) demonstrates the Marcusean notion of repressive tolerance and characterizes the police response to public dissent.