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Displaying: 101-120 of 164 documents

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101. Studia Neoaristotelica: Volume > 4 > Issue: 2
Tomáš Machula Modern Writings on Thomism: A Journal of Analytic Scholasticism
102. Studia Neoaristotelica: Volume > 4 > Issue: 2
Miroslav Hanke Perspektivy logické sémantiky Jana Buridana: A Journal of Analytic Scholasticism
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The subject of the present article is the analysis of fundamental logical-semantical terminology of late-medieval nominalistic logician Jean Buridan (c. 1295–1360). The analysis focuses on the concepts of truth conditions and logical consequence, whose clarification presupposes explication of modal terminology as well as a solution of semantical antinomies such as “Liar” (or an attempt to solve them). The analysis of Buridan’s argumentation suggests that Buridan’s project of logic actually fails due to several failures of conceptual analysis of semantical and modal terminology. An alternative solution of the question concerning logical consequence is thus proposed in terms of Buridan’s implicit (and unused) semantical conception of modalities that makes it possible to establish conceptually and therefore explicatively closed logical framework.
103. Studia Neoaristotelica: Volume > 4 > Issue: 2
Lukáš Novák Problém abstraktních pojmů: Odpověď bosým karmelitánům
104. Studia Neoaristotelica: Volume > 5 > Issue: 1
Stanislav Sousedík Člověk a stát: A Journal of Analytic Scholasticism
105. Studia Neoaristotelica: Volume > 5 > Issue: 1
Lukáš Novák Metafyzika jako věda. Ibn Síná a Ibn Rušd ve scholastické diskusi.: A Journal of Analytic Scholasticism
106. Studia Neoaristotelica: Volume > 5 > Issue: 1
Michal Chabada 700-lecie śmierci bł. Jana Dunsa Szkota. Międzynarodowe sympozjum jubileuszowe: A Journal of Analytic Scholasticism
107. Studia Neoaristotelica: Volume > 5 > Issue: 1
Lukáš Novák Ján Duns Scotus. Vybrané kapitoly z jeho epistemológie a metafyziky.: A Journal of Analytic Scholasticism
108. Studia Neoaristotelica: Volume > 5 > Issue: 1
Stanislav Sousedík, Karel Šprunk G. Frege: Dialog s Pünjerem Český překlad s kritickým výkladem
109. Studia Neoaristotelica: Volume > 5 > Issue: 2
David Svoboda Transcendentálie a kategorie v díle Tomáše Akvinského: A Journal of Analytic Scholasticism
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The paper deals with the conception of transcendental and categorial concepts in the work of Thomas Aquinas. As a starting point of the exposition the discussion of this matter in De veritate 1, 1 has been chosen, where Aquinas, drawing on Aristotle and Avicenna, determines which are the first concepts of intellect. The absolutly first concept, the terminus of conceptual analysis, is the concept of being (ens). All other concepts, both categorial and transcendental, result from conceptual addition to being. Aquinas’s conception of conceptual addition is explained in detail and used to illustrate Aquinas’s explication of individual transcendentals and categories. Finally it is shown, how Aquinas derives transcendental and categorial concepts as general and special modes of being (modi essendi) of being as such. Translation: Lukáš Novák
110. Studia Neoaristotelica: Volume > 5 > Issue: 2
Matthias Perkams Naturgesetz, Selbstbestimmung und Moralität. Thomas von Aquin und die Begründung einer zeitgemässen Ethik.: A Journal of Analytic Scholasticism
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Starting from Aquinas’s natural law theory, the article discusses in which way one can ground an ethical theory relying on the concept of personal autonomy. This is possible because natural law, as a law of reason, determines the ends for which every individual human being reasonably may strive. In this context, it is also possible to justify the role of morality in human life. This is due to the nature of man as a social animal whose natural ends include a life in a human community. From this one can infer the two principles, not to harm others and to attribute his right to everybody. The application of those rules, as of any other rule of natural law, depends upon the person of the agent and his historical and social situation.
111. Studia Neoaristotelica: Volume > 5 > Issue: 2
Tomáš Machula Místo, na kterém, stojíš, je posvátná země: A Journal of Analytic Scholasticism
112. Studia Neoaristotelica: Volume > 5 > Issue: 2
Michal Chabada John Duns Scotus 1308–2008. Investigations into his Philosophy. Správa z medzinárodnej konferencie: A Journal of Analytic Scholasticism
113. Studia Neoaristotelica: Volume > 5 > Issue: 2
Tomáš Machula Potřebujeme filosofii přežití? Úvahy o filosofii, kultuře, poznání, vzdělání, řeči a popularizaci vědy: A Journal of Analytic Scholasticism
114. Studia Neoaristotelica: Volume > 5 > Issue: 2
Quaestiones super De ente et essentia sancti Thomae de Aquino ordinis fratrum praedicatorum: A Journal of Analytic Scholasticism
115. Studia Neoaristotelica: Volume > 5 > Issue: 2
Miroslav Hanke Cassantes v historické a systematické reflexi: A Journal of Analytic Scholasticism
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The article deals with the analysis of one medieval solution of semantic paradoxes, namely with the position of the so-called “cassantes” (i.e. “those who nullify”). The solution is based upon designating problematical sentences to be agrammatical and thus “saying nothing”: paradoxes are solved by means of deyning apparent truth-apts. Theoretically fundamental supposition of this step is drawing the distinction between grammatical and logical structure of a sentence, or (from a speech-act theoretical point of view) the distinction between a sentence and a statement. Remarkable analogies can also be shown between this distinction and the distinction between two conceptions of congruence in the twelfth-century grammar. Nowadays the cassationist approach is the solution of paradoxes proposed in the theoretical framework of the illocutionary logic.
116. Studia Neoaristotelica: Volume > 6 > Issue: 1
Gottlob Frege Funkcia a pojem: A Journal of Analytic Scholasticism
117. Studia Neoaristotelica: Volume > 6 > Issue: 1
Peter Volek Správa z medzinárodnej konferencie Dôvera v rozum: A Journal of Analytic Scholasticism
118. Studia Neoaristotelica: Volume > 6 > Issue: 1
Blažena Švandová Aquinas’ Five Arguments in the Summa Theologiae 1a 2, 3: A Journal of Analytic Scholasticism
119. Studia Neoaristotelica: Volume > 6 > Issue: 1
Vlastimil Vohánka Plantinga a princip slábnoucí pravděpodobnosti: A Journal of Analytic Scholasticism
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Alvin Plantinga wrote a probabilistic critique of historical arguments for the kernel of Christianity. It is based on the fact that, generally, the more complex a conjunction, the lower its probability. The paper provides elementary insights into the epistemology of Plantinga, probability calculus, and the role of this calculus in contemporary epistemology. It introduces a concept of a good argument, explains in which sense and why, according to Plantinga, no good arguments for Christianity exist, and discusses the following replies. The probability that every argument for Christianity fails can be low. Even if Christianity is less probable than its proper propositional parts, it can be still be probable, whether on the same or on some enhanced body of evidence. Finally, there have been detailed probabilistic arguments for Christianity yielding results significantly different from Plantinga’s cursory estimates.
120. Studia Neoaristotelica: Volume > 6 > Issue: 1
Miroslav Kuric Aristotelova teória substancie: A Journal of Analytic Scholasticism
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Aristotle’s notion of substance presents various problems of interpretation. Many interpreters focus mainly at the notion of primary substance, especially with regard to the difference between how Aristotle defines it in Metaphysics VII and in the Categories. The present study aims at confirming mutual compatibility of these texts and touches also the problem of knowability of the primary substance. Translation: Lukáš Novák