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Displaying: 101-120 of 164 documents

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101. Studia Neoaristotelica: Volume > 5 > Issue: 2
Michal Chabada John Duns Scotus 1308–2008. Investigations into his Philosophy. Správa z medzinárodnej konferencie: A Journal of Analytic Scholasticism
102. Studia Neoaristotelica: Volume > 5 > Issue: 2
Tomáš Machula Potřebujeme filosofii přežití? Úvahy o filosofii, kultuře, poznání, vzdělání, řeči a popularizaci vědy: A Journal of Analytic Scholasticism
103. Studia Neoaristotelica: Volume > 5 > Issue: 2
Quaestiones super De ente et essentia sancti Thomae de Aquino ordinis fratrum praedicatorum: A Journal of Analytic Scholasticism
104. Studia Neoaristotelica: Volume > 5 > Issue: 2
Miroslav Hanke Cassantes v historické a systematické reflexi: A Journal of Analytic Scholasticism
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The article deals with the analysis of one medieval solution of semantic paradoxes, namely with the position of the so-called “cassantes” (i.e. “those who nullify”). The solution is based upon designating problematical sentences to be agrammatical and thus “saying nothing”: paradoxes are solved by means of deyning apparent truth-apts. Theoretically fundamental supposition of this step is drawing the distinction between grammatical and logical structure of a sentence, or (from a speech-act theoretical point of view) the distinction between a sentence and a statement. Remarkable analogies can also be shown between this distinction and the distinction between two conceptions of congruence in the twelfth-century grammar. Nowadays the cassationist approach is the solution of paradoxes proposed in the theoretical framework of the illocutionary logic.
105. Studia Neoaristotelica: Volume > 7 > Issue: 1
Jan Palkoska Descartova ontologie mentální reprezentace a otázka Suárezova vlivu: A Journal of Analytic Scholasticism
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The aim of the article is to critically assess the widespread surmise according to which Descartes was in certain important aspects of his thought infl uenced by Suárez’s Metaphysical Disputations. In the article this question is addressed with regard to the problem of the ontological background of the representational acts of a finite mind. Descartes’ position is reconstructed on the basis of an analysis of Meditation III and consequently of Descartes’ polemic with Johan de Kater in the First Objections and Replies; the reconstruction is accomplished by means of terms and concepts commonly used in the late scholastic thought of the end of the 16th century. An analysis of the key passage of Section 2 of Disputation 54 of the Metaphysical Disputations of Suárez (concerned with the distinction between extrinsic denominations and beings of reason) then shows, first, that Suárez’s position concerning the ontology of mental representation does indeed agree with that of Descartes, not Kater; second, that the implications of Suárez’s critique of certain theses concerning the identity of extrinsic denominations and beings of reason probably form an important part of the conceptual framework presupposed in the polemic between Decartes and Kater.
106. Studia Neoaristotelica: Volume > 7 > Issue: 1
Michal Chabada Náčrt Whiteheadovej procesuálnej filozofie: A Journal of Analytic Scholasticism
107. Studia Neoaristotelica: Volume > 7 > Issue: 1
Marián Kuna Etika cnosti podľa Tomáša Akvinského: A Journal of Analytic Scholasticism
108. Studia Neoaristotelica: Volume > 7 > Issue: 1
Ad multos annos: A Journal of Analytic Scholasticism
109. Studia Neoaristotelica: Volume > 7 > Issue: 1
Stanislav Sousedík The Reformed Objection to Natural Theology: A Journal of Analytic Scholasticism
110. Studia Neoaristotelica: Volume > 7 > Issue: 1
Peter Volek Aquinas and the Ship of Theseus: Solving Puzzles about Material Objects: A Journal of Analytic Scholasticism
111. Studia Neoaristotelica: Volume > 7 > Issue: 1
Karel Šprunk Das Wagnis, ein Mensch zu sein Studien zur neuzeitlichen Philosophie: A Journal of Analytic Scholasticism
112. Studia Neoaristotelica: Volume > 7 > Issue: 2
Tomáš Akvinský, Daniel Heider O principech přirozenosti: A Journal of Analytic Scholasticism
113. Studia Neoaristotelica: Volume > 7 > Issue: 2
Stanislav Sousedík, Emilio Betti Úvod do rekonstruktivní hermeneutiky: A Journal of Analytic Scholasticism
114. Studia Neoaristotelica: Volume > 8 > Issue: 1
Jakub Jinek Přátelství, dobro, polis. K významu přátelství v celku Aristotelovy praktické filosofie: A Journal of Analytic Scholasticism
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Aristotle’s subtle distinction between the forms of friendship and his concept of loving friend as one’s other self propose a solution to the fundamental objection to any eudaimonian theory of slavery, namely that friendship – as basically non-moral phenomenon – is but an egoistic device of one’s happy life. Aristotelian theorems are based on his concept of analogy and on a philosophically specific notion of “self”. Since both of these are rooted in Platonism, Aristotle has toevolve them dialectically in a critical distance to Plato. Still, his dialectical theory of friendship needs to be rooted not in metaphysics but in political theory after all. Political friendship as a utopian perspective taken by each of the citizens in their pursuit of a close relationship with any other indicates a notion of “infinity as perfection” which presents the decisive step beyond Plato and toward the later course of the history of philosophy.
115. Studia Neoaristotelica: Volume > 8 > Issue: 1
Andrea Blaščíková Úvod do etiky ctnosti: A Journal of Analytic Scholasticism
116. Studia Neoaristotelica: Volume > 8 > Issue: 1
Daniel Heider K objektivnímu bytí u Suáreze. Poznámka ke studii Jana Palkosky „Descartova ontologie mentální reprezentace a otázka Suárezova vlivu“: A Journal of Analytic Scholasticism
117. Studia Neoaristotelica: Volume > 8 > Issue: 1
Ondřej Kočnar Bůh jako vysvětlení: A Journal of Analytic Scholasticism
118. Studia Neoaristotelica: Volume > 8 > Issue: 1
Eva Makúchová, Gabriela Martišková Alasdair MacIntyre’s Revolutionary Aristotelianism: Ethics, Resistance and Utopia
119. Studia Neoaristotelica: Volume > 8 > Issue: 1
Václav Němec Tomášovo pojetí esence v De ente et essentia a jeho zdroje: A Journal of Analytic Scholasticism
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The present paper deals with the notion of essence in Thomas Aquinas. Part 1 focuses on the main points of Aquinas’s doctrine of essence set out in his De ente et essentia, and especially on the concept of essence as the “form of the whole” and the concept of the “nature considered absolutely”. The comparison with the teaching of Aristotle and Aquinas’s Arabic predecessors in Part 2 shows that Thomas’s notion of essence is an innovative re-interpretation, which he largely owes to Avicenna, of the original Peripatetic doctrine. Nevertheless, it is shown that this re-interpretation is to be understood as a result of Avicenna’s and Aquinas’s effort to provide a consistent explanation of various statements in Aristotle’s writings, not always compatible with each other.
120. Studia Neoaristotelica: Volume > 8 > Issue: 2
Ondřej Špaček Suárez a jeho metafyzika: Od pojmu jsoucna přes transcendentální jednotu k druhům transcendentální jednoty