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101. Alternative Spirituality and Religion Review: Volume > 2 > Issue: 2
Dawn Hutchinson, Dell deChant A Selection Of Books, Monographs, and Essays on "Contemporary Gnosticism"
102. Alternative Spirituality and Religion Review: Volume > 2 > Issue: 2
James R. Lewis The Devil’s Demographics Changes in the Satanic Milieu, 2001–2009
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From August 2000 to February 2001, I conducted an online survey of what eventually became 140 self-identified Satanists. A report detailing my findings from that questionnaire research was published in the Marburg Journal of Religion under the title “Who Serves Satan? A Demographic and Ideological Profile.” Eight years later, from June through December of 2009, a comparable online survey of 300 Satanists was conducted. However, because of certain problems with the second questionnaire, a third online survey was launched in 2011 – a third survey which, as this article went to press, was still in process. The present paper compares findings from the first survey with the second, using preliminary statistics from the third survey to counterbalance inadequacies in certain of the statistics from the second. Comparing results from the first with results from the second, the average age of respondents rose from twenty-five to twenty-nine. Partly as a consequence of higher average age, the new sample exhibited more diversity – in terms of respondents having a broader range of educational backgrounds, an increased likelihood of being a parent, and the like. Similarly, while the majority of respondents to the new survey were still broadly within the LaVeyan tradition,a far greater percentage than in the old survey professed some variety of theistic or esoteric Satanism.
103. Alternative Spirituality and Religion Review: Volume > 2 > Issue: 2
Göran Larsson Black Mecca: The African Muslims of Harlem by Zain Abdullah
104. Alternative Spirituality and Religion Review: Volume > 2 > Issue: 2
Sarah Balstrup The Red Book/Liber Novus by Carl Gustav Jung. Preface by Ulrich Hoerni. Edited and introduced by Sonu Shamdasani. Translated by Mark Kyburz, John Peck and Sonu Shamdasani
105. Alternative Spirituality and Religion Review: Volume > 3 > Issue: 1
Mary Jo Neitz Enchanted Feminism: The Reclaiming Witches of San Francisco by Jone Salomonsen
106. Alternative Spirituality and Religion Review: Volume > 3 > Issue: 1
Göran Larsson The Baha’i Faith in Africa: Establishing a New Religious Movement, 1952-1962 by Anthony A. Lee
107. Alternative Spirituality and Religion Review: Volume > 3 > Issue: 1
Sean Currie Key Scholarly Works on the Origins of the New Thought and Christian Science Movements: A Critical Assessment
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In this article, I examine central academic writings on the New Thought and Christian Science movements, concentrating on the scholarly treatment of these movements’ origins and influences. Using a comparative approach, I draw out key questions in these works, both explicit and implicit, with special attention to the role of spiritualism in these movements’ origins. I conclude by briefly discussing my findings and identifying mandates for further research on metaphysical movements.
108. Alternative Spirituality and Religion Review: Volume > 3 > Issue: 1
Carole M. Cusack Heaven on Earth: The Varieties of the Millennial Experience by Richard Landes
109. Alternative Spirituality and Religion Review: Volume > 3 > Issue: 1
Erik A. W. Östling Heaven's Gate. Postmodernity and Popular Culture in a Suicide Group by George D. Chryssides, ed.
110. Alternative Spirituality and Religion Review: Volume > 3 > Issue: 1
Andrew Stuart Abel Religion in Contemporary China: Revitalization and Innovation by Adam Yuet Chau, ed.
111. Alternative Spirituality and Religion Review: Volume > 3 > Issue: 1
Franz Winter Salvation and Suicide: Jim Jones, the Peoples Temple, and Jonestown. Revised Edition by David Chidester
112. Alternative Spirituality and Religion Review: Volume > 3 > Issue: 1
Margaret Gouin Victorian Occultism and the Making of Modern Magic: Invoking Tradition by Alison Butler
113. Alternative Spirituality and Religion Review: Volume > 3 > Issue: 1
James R. Lewis Toward a Paradigm for Longitudinal Studies: A Case Study of the Order of Christ Sophia
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In 2005, 2008 and 2011, demographic questionnaires were administered to the membership of the Order of Christ Sophia, a small new religion in the tradition of the Holy Order of MANS. Findings from these surveys are presented and discussed in terms of the parameters laid out by Lorne Dawson in his 2003 summary of NRM conversion research, ‘Who Joins New Religions and Why: Twenty Years of Research and What Have We Learned?’ In addition to analyzing the changes that have taken place in the Order from 2005 to 2011, the research project is presented as a paradigm for conducting longitudinal studies of other new religious movements in the future.
114. Alternative Spirituality and Religion Review: Volume > 3 > Issue: 1
Helen A. Berger Contemporary Paganism: Fifteen Years Later
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The Pagan Census (PC) was conducted between 1993 and 1995, while the Pagan Census Revisited (PCR) was conducted in 2009-10. Though not ‘censuses’ in the proper sense, these two data sets represent the best quantitative information we have on contemporary Paganism. Contrasting the PCR with the PC indicates that much has remained the same, especially with regard to general demographic profile. The most dramatic change in the past fifteen years is the increase in the proportion of Pagans who practice alone.
115. Alternative Spirituality and Religion Review: Volume > 3 > Issue: 1
Carter Charles Francophone Mormons and the Internet: The Discovery of a Space Fit for Religious Freedom and Constructive Dialogue
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Investigating various types of communication used by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, focusing mainly on online communications in a European context. Using findings from a research project studying the interaction between church members and European institutions and the interactions between Mormons and non-Mormons in a Francophone world. These communications are analyzed by tone, religious and non-religion nature and how the internet has influenced Francophone Mormons' communications.
116. Alternative Spirituality and Religion Review: Volume > 3 > Issue: 1
Garry W. Trompf Macrohistory and End-Time Beliefs in New Religious Movements: Un tour d’horizon
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An important characteristic of New Religious Movements is that their founders purport to be masters of Past, Present, and Future. Indeed this may be a crucial indicator of these movements as ‘modern.’ This article introduces the range of ideas propounded by NRM leaders about history in general (‘macrohistory’) and about why history approaches some culminating point. It is a typical feature of NRMs that their followers believe the secrets of time have been disclosed and that what they are privileged to know about the course of things is a mark of their own and the group’s identity. NRM macro-histories and eschatologies are alwaysconstructed from pre-existing materials and their development as sets of ideas often re-enliven older religious, philosophical, ethnocentric and nationalist beliefs. Starting with sectarian Protestant and Indian-originated movements well known in the West, and documenting various themes in them, the article moves on to survey a wider body of non-Western outlooks. The ideas covered are also presented for being interesting in their own right.
117. Alternative Spirituality and Religion Review: Volume > 3 > Issue: 1
Anthony Santoro Tourism, Religion and Spiritual Journeys by Dallen J. Timothy and Daniel H. Olsen, eds.
118. Alternative Spirituality and Religion Review: Volume > 3 > Issue: 1
Christopher R. Cotter The Sacred in the Modern World: A Cultural Sociological Approach by Gordon Lynch
119. Alternative Spirituality and Religion Review: Volume > 3 > Issue: 1
Emyr Williams Modern Wicca: A history from Gerald Gardner to the present by Howard, M. Woodbery
120. Alternative Spirituality and Religion Review: Volume > 3 > Issue: 2
George D. Chryssides Sources Of Authority Among Jehovah’s Witnesses: The Watch Tower Society And The Bible
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Jehovah’s Witnesses do not base their teachings on any new special revelation, but acknowledge the Bible as the infallible record of past direct revelations, obtained by those with special spiritual gifts, which have now died out. Since defining the canon of scripture can only be done by those possessing such gifts, its formation is attributed to the early Christian period. The author discusses the Society’s understanding of the relationship between the Hebrew-Aramaic scriptures and the Greek-Christian Scriptures (its preferred terms for the Old and New Testaments) and the need for a precise translation, which they believe its New World Translation provides. Since Jehovah’s Witnesses hold that the Bible cannot be studied reliably outside the Watch Tower organization, the question arises as to whether the Bible or the Society itself is the primordial source of authority. The Society teaches the importance of practices such as baptism, the annual Memorial, and house-to-house evangelism, which cannot be conducted outside the organization; hence belonging to the Society is equally a prerequisite for salvation as accepting biblical inerrancy. There is therefore a tension between whether it is the Bible or the Society’s Governing Body which is the fundamental authority in religious matters.