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101. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1999
Robert R. Rehder, Helen J. Muller, Gerhard Apfelthaler A German-Japanese-U.S. Manufacturing System for the 21st Century
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Cross-national mergers are flourishing as companies find opportunities to utilize the strengths of the best that each nation has to offer. The recent DaimlerChrysler merger foreshadows how transatlantic mergers may change 21st century relationships between nations and corporations We analyze the cross-national collaborative effort to assemble the prize winning M-Class SUV in Alabama with a Japanese lean production system, U.S. workers, and an American - German management team that foreshadowed the DC alliance. Furthermore, we delineate some of the issues that confront DaimlerChrysler as it adapts the new Mercedes Benz United States International (MBUSI) production system to an Austrian Chrysler plant to respond to European demand for the M-Class Implications far global culture are raised.The authors acknowledge the Anderson Schools of Management (ASM) Foundation Board and the Department of Organizational Studies at ASM that provided partial financial support of this study. We express our appreciation to managers at MBUSI in Alabama for their invaluable comments and hospitality. We thank our colleague Geoff Bannister for his work in an earlier phase of this research project.
102. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1999
Colleen P. Vanderstaay International Trade and Environmental Law After the Uruguay Round: Can it Protect the Environment in the Asia Pacific?
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This paper considers the linkage between trade and environmental law at a multilateral level and in the Asia Pacific region. The issue of trade and the environment forms part of a new trade agenda confronting the World Trade Organization (WTO).
103. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1999
Duane Windsor, Kathleen A. Getz The Consequences of Moral Leadership
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The global economic integration which has evolved over the past two to three decades brings to business and policy-makers a host of opportunities and challenges. One challenge faced by both groups is understanding and managing cross-national differences in ethical standards and behavior. In at least one issue area, significant change in ethical standards has recently occurred. That issue is bribery and corruption.
104. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1999
Jacques Delacroix, Emile McAnany Encephalokleptophobia or old-fashioned protectionism?: International trade in screen products, with facts and speculations
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Several countries practice exclusionary policies vis-a-vis films, television programs and other screen products originating elsewhere in the name of the defense of collective cultural identities. Neither common sense nor available tacts are compatible with this justification for this kind of cultural protectionism.
105. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1999
Christopher J. Allen Privacy and the Internet: A New Political Frontier for American Business
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The vast potential of e-commerce and the digital age are prompting American businesses to test the power of new computer technologies in a number of ways, all of which depend on the free flow of information. While American business is leading the world in pioneering new Web-based products and services, some of its more aggressive approaches to collecting sensitive information are running into legal and political objections, and threatening long-held privacy values. While policy makers in the U.S. have generally not intervened on this issue, the European Union last year issued a sweeping data directive which governs the collection and dissemination of a wide range of information. This paper explores the implications of the EU’s Data Directive and other recent events as they relate to corporate political strategy and the evolving privacy debate in the United States.
106. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1999
Nicola Berg Public Affairs Management in Multinational Corporations: Findings of an Empirical Study among German Corporations in India
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In this paper the importance of public affairs management in multinational corporations in India will be examined. After briefly discussing the general relevance of public affairs management in multinational corporations a conceptual framework for public affairs management in multinational corporations will be developed. This framework serves as the theoretical basis for an empirical study among German multinational corporations in India. In the main part of this paper the results of this study will be presented and discussed. The paper ends with a critical assessment and some major implications for further studies.
107. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1999
Jeffrey Gale Technology Standards and Integrated Strategy: The Case of the 56K Modem Protocols
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This analysis applies the integrated strategy concept to the development of technology standards, it both expands upon the basic model and uses it to review the case of the standards war in 56K modems.
108. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1999
Virginia W. Gerde, Craig G. White Public Policy and Underlying Values: Impacts on Business
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We examine the income tax treatment of married couples across several industrialized countries to observe the different underlying values and socially acceptable trade-offs between equity and efficiency. Of the three models that emerged, we discuss the unit of taxation, the equal treatment of equal-earning couples, and marriage neutrality.
109. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1999
Lawrence J. Lad, Jill Rothenbueler, Sakthi Mahenthiran Rethinking Regulatory Responsibilities in a Global Economy: Integrating Lessons from Internet Self-Regulation and Professional Attestation
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This paper focuses on the emerging role of industry and professional self-regulation as a vital mechanism in the regulatory mosaic needed for the global economy. It extends previous discussions of industry and professional self-regulation by Gupta and Lad (1983), Lad (1992), and Garvin (1983), to include concepts from systems and organization design (Kridel, 1995), and governance (Williamson, 1997) and applies them to regulatory issues emerging in Internet commerce and accounting standards.
110. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1999
Ann B. Matasar, Joseph N. Heiney Big Banks/Small Customers: The Impact of Riegle-Neal on the Banking Relationship
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Riegle-Neal altered the landscape of American banking by eliminating the prohibitions against interstate banking and branching and paving the way for the consolidation of the American banking system, it has created fewer, stronger banks which service their customers with no significant change in costs through an expanded branching network. Additionally the number of employees, salaries, and net income increased. The pessimism of those who opposed banking reform and the elimination of geographic restrictions on American banks appears unfounded.