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1. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 28
Dagmar Schmauks Teddy bears, Tarnagotchis, transgenic mice: A semiotic typology of artificial animals
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The expression "artificial animal" denotes a range of different objects from teddy bears to the results of genetic engineering. As a basis for further investigation, this article first of all presents the main interpretations and traces their systematic interconnections. The subsequent sections concentrate on artificial animals in the context of play. The development of material toys is fueled by robotics. It gives toys artificial sense organs, limbs, and cognitive abilities, thus enabling them to act in the real world. The second line of development, closely related to research into Artificial Life, creates virtual beings "living" on computer screens. Themost essential difference between these variants are the sense modalities involved in interaction. Virtual beings can only be seen and heard, whereas material toys can be touched as well. Therefore, the simulation of haptic qualities plays an important role. In order to complete the proposed typology, two further areas are outlined, namely artificial animals outside play and "artificial animals in the medium of flesh" which are alive but designed and created by man. Research on artificial animals belongs to an extended notion of ecosemiotics, as they are part of ecosystems which may themselves be virtual such as the Internet.
2. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 28
Michail Lotman Vene värss: meetrika, värsisüsteemid ja prosoodika (generatiivne ülevaade). Kokkuvõte
3. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 28
Winfried Nöth, Kalevi Küll Discovering ecoserniotics
4. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 29 > Issue: 1
Christina Ljungberg Metsik loodus ökosemiootilises perspektiivis. Kokkuvõte
5. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 29 > Issue: 2
Anti Randvür Sotsiosemiootilised perspektiivid kultuuri ja ühiskonna uurimisel. Kokkuvõte
6. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 29 > Issue: 2
Maria-Kristiina Lotman Antiikvärsi prosoodiaja värsisüsteemid. Kokkuvõte
7. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 31 > Issue: 1
Dalia Satkauskytė “Poeetide rahva” müüt ja massikirjanduse fenomen Leedus. Kokkuvõte
8. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 31 > Issue: 2
Kalevi Kull Ladder, tree, web: The ages of biological understanding
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Fundamental turns in biological understanding can be interpreted as replacements of deep models that organise the biological knowledge. Three deep models distinguished here are a holistic ladder model that sees all levels of nature being complete (from Aristotle to the 18th century), a modernist tree model that emphasises progress and evolution (from Enlightenment to the recent times), and a web model that evaluates diversity (since the 20th century). The turn from the tree model to the web model in biology includes (1) a transfer from modern to postmodern approaches, (2) a shift of semiotic threshold to the border of life, and (3) building the semiotic models of living systems, i.e., the rise of biosemiotics.
9. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 31 > Issue: 2
Peeter Torop Semiosfääriline mõistmine: tekstuaalsus. Kokkuvõte
10. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 31 > Issue: 2
Marina Aptekman Keele ja reaalsuse probleem vene modernismis: mirotvorchestvo mõiste Aleksei Remizovi raamatus “Rossija v pismenah”. Kokkuvõte