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1. Raven: A Journal of Vexillology: Volume > 11
Peter Ansoff The First Navy Jack
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While the rattlesnake-and-stripes flag that currently flies on the bow of every U.S. warship has a long tradition in American flag use, its design was a 19th-century mistake based on an erroneous 1776 engraving. This paper explores the history of the flag that never existed.
2. Raven: A Journal of Vexillology: Volume > 11
Bruce Patterson, Saguenay Herald Constructing Canadian Symbolism: National Identity as Expressed in Canadian Heraldic Authority Grants
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The author explores the broad range of Canadian symbols in grants of arms and flags over the past 15 years, going well beyond variations on the maple leaf to the animals, objects, flowers, and colors used by individuals and organizations to represent Canada. This paper was originally delivered as the keynote speech at the Association’s 37th annual meeting.
3. Raven: A Journal of Vexillology: Volume > 11
Scot Guenter Micronesian Flag Cultures: An Exercise in Comparative Vexillogy
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The author draws on his work in the field to explore flag use across Guam, Palau, and the Federated States of Micronesia. His comparative analysis examines the significance of flags within the broader context of an emergent civil religion within the political cultures of three different but adjacent political entities.
4. Raven: A Journal of Vexillology: Volume > 11
Joseph E. Donovan Two Irish Flags: A Comparative Analysis
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The gold-harp-on-green flag and the orange-white-green tricolor, two flags for one republic, demonstrate the contrasts of Ireland. One is indigenous and traditional, the other is imported and legislated. Their designs, while vastly different, are both compelling.
5. Raven: A Journal of Vexillology: Volume > 12
John B. Harker Betsy Ross: An American Legend and Patriot Revisited
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A family member examines the legend of Betsy Ross’s role in the creation of the first American flag and how that legend became overwhelmingly popular. Previously little-known and unknown evidence that shows Betsy Ross was well known during her lifetime, much earlier than the 1870 William Canby lecture. Such celebrity is strong support for what has been, until now, considered only a family “myth”.
6. Raven: A Journal of Vexillology: Volume > 12
Devereaux D. Cannon, Jr. The Genesis of the “Stars and Bars”
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The competing claims of two designers of the first flag of Confederate States of America have never been resolved. This paper, explains the history of their dispute, weighs the evidence supporting their cases, and explores the possibility that the actual genesis of the Stars and Bars may have arisen from an altogether different source.
7. Raven: A Journal of Vexillology: Volume > 12
Edward B. Kaye The American City Flag Survey of 2004
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Nearly 500 respondents to an Internet-based poll rated the designs of the 150 city flags documented in Raven 9/10, American City Flags, as the Association followed its “hands-off” scholarly effort on city flags with a “hands-on” survey of their quality, with spectacular results. The survey validated the basic principles espoused by Good Flag, Bad Flag, and triggered extensive nationwide press coverage.
8. Raven: A Journal of Vexillology: Volume > 12
Heinz Tschachler “Sacred Emblems of Attachment”: The Lewis & Clark Expedition, American Nationalism, and the Colonization of the West
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As the U.S. commemorates the bicentennial of the 1803-06 Lewis & Clark Expedition, this essay explores nationalistic rituals, celebrations, and public displays of nationhood both in the expedition and its immediate aftermath. In the invented traditions deployed in colonial encounters with Native Americans, the U.S. flag articulated the national pride of the young republic and the newly acquired sovereignty of the United States over the native populations and their lands.
9. Raven: A Journal of Vexillology: Volume > 13
Peter Ansoff The Flag on Prospect Hill
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What flag did General Washington actually fly outside of Boston on 1 January 1776? This incisive and well-researched analysis demonstrates that the flag over Prospect Hill was more likely the British Union Flag, with the English and Scottish crosses overall, rather than the 13-striped Continental Colors as believed by historians for 150 years.
10. Raven: A Journal of Vexillology: Volume > 13
Patrice de la Brosse Flag Display and Precedence in Québec
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Québec’s size and unique historical origins lead many to consider the province a “nation within a nation”, with concomitant challenges in the use of the provincial and national flags in official ceremonies. A veteran of many years of resolving these challenges describes their difficult background and resourceful solutions.