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1. Documents from the XIX World Congress of Philosophy: Year > 1993
Общая информация
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2. The Paideia Archive: Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy: Volume > 29
Tatiana V. Sokhraniaevk P. Sorokin on Education as a Factor in Cultural Dynamics
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This paper focuses on the problems of education in the philosophical and sociological legacy of P. Sorokin.
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3. Proceedings of the XXIII World Congress of Philosophy: Volume > 63
Павел Титов Философско-антропологические основания спорта
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Статья посвящена философско-антропологическим основаниям спорта. В статье рассматривается влияние физической культуры на процесс развития личности. Анализируется современные концепции, определяющие философское понимание физической культуры.
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4. Proceedings of the XXIII World Congress of Philosophy: Volume > 66
Igor Liseev Науки о жизни в становлении современной научной картины мира
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Формирующаяся ныне, под воздействием биологических идей, современная научная картина мира – это не только синтетическое систематизированное и целостное представление о мире на данном этапе развития научного познания в его логической форме отображения действительности, но и результат синтеза всех фундаментальных составляющих философского знания нашего исторического периода, включающих онтологические, методологические, аксиологические и праксиологические аспекты.
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5. Proceedings of the XXIII World Congress of Philosophy: Volume > 67
Svetlana Lyausheva, Anzhela Nagoy Социокультурные аспекты миграции в полиэтничном обществе
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1. Рассмотренная в рамках социокультурного подхода, миграция предстает как инструмент и процесс формирования новой социокультурной реальности, характеризируемой постоянным «столкновением культур». 2. Используемые в современном обществе модели социокультурной интеграции поликультурного иммигрантского общества либо не адекватны демократическому обществу (унификация этнокультурного пространства), либо не эффективны, разрушают этнокультурный баланс, способствуют этнокультурному разобщению (мультикультурализм). 3. Мультикультурализм не является образцовой моделью интеграции для изначально полиэтнического российского общества. 4. Специфика миграционной ситуации южнороссийского региона определяется его изначальной полиэтничностью, локализацией основных перемещений в рамках региона, высоким потенциалом конфликтности. 5. Эмпирические исследования показали усиление интеграционного компонента этнических культур народов Северного Кавказа, который проявляется в стремлении к преодолению социальных и культурных дистанций, усилению межэтнического взаимодействия. 6. Изоляционный компонент этнических культур проявляется в акцентированной противоположности этнических авто- и гетеростереотипов, формировании этно- и мигрантофобий. 7. Формирование региональной идентичности и различные компоненты кросскультурных новообразований являются показателями складывающейся сложнокультурной общности. Механизм этнокультурной интеграции проявляется в формировании элементов кросскультурного регулирования сложнокультурного общества. 8. Содействие интеграции иммигрантского или поликультурного общества, образованного внутренними миграциями, представляет собой один из важнейших компонентов миграционной политики. Процессы интеграции, рассмотренные в рамках социокультурного подхода, позволяют обосновать изменении вектора политики этнокультурной интеграции: от проектирования состояния общества, толерантного многим культурам, к организации пространства этнокультурного, и шире, социокультурного, социального, политического диалогов.
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6. Proceedings of the XXIII World Congress of Philosophy: Volume > 68
Gulzhan Abdigalieva Value Aspects of the Philosophy of Culture
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A cultural and philosophical approach in understanding human history involves identifying its personal aspects. Looking at the history of philosophy, it is not a clearly defined monologue, in pursuit of a common goal, but a complex dialogical process that includes and mutual influence and mutual repulsion, the process is an alternative to its core, and contains unrealized opportunities in history, re-creating the diversity of the movement of philosophical thought, pluralism of ideas and theories. One of the main ways to implement such an approach to the history of philosophy is to analyze it in the context of the culture, the study of the history of philosophy as a philosophy of culture.
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7. Proceedings of the XXIII World Congress of Philosophy: Volume > 68
Вячеслав Михайлович Артемов Ценностное измерение права в современном обществе: приоритет нравственности
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Modern society sees obvious reinforcement of legal component in general mechanism of social regulation of relations between people. Objective significance of law supposes powerful value – subjective securing particularly the moral one. In reality minimization of morality in crisis takes place, which tries to compensate its forces through increase of quantity of laws and development of law – enforcement agencies. Deficit of the spirit and conscience causes their artificial substitutes, which worsen the situation. Daily need of society in improvement of law and legal expanse can be satisfied as a result of forming new image of interrelations between people and social groups in public awareness as a result of reinforcement of moral principles. But ability to select moral and spiritual values, particularly intense processes of their understanding, revaluation and implementation sup-poses deliberate freedom of subjects of social activity. These are representatives of scientific and educational community including lawyers, possessing high moral and professional qualities. In consideration of importance of preservation of civilizing achievements, which are examined in the context of cultural development, it is necessary to affirm the priority of high ethics. It is infallible foundation towards legal dimension of the principle of freedom of worship, secures gen-eral neutral field, on which ideological and politico-legal dialogue is possible among the civilizations and between them.
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8. Proceedings of the XXIII World Congress of Philosophy: Volume > 68
Sergey Avanesov Аксиологические мотивы в поэмах Гомера
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Axiology as a sphere of value orientation and preferences is a base of every culture. The analysis of poems of Homer gives an opportuni-ty to explicate the value base of archaic Mediterranean culture. Values such as honor, glory, devotion, self-sacrifice, friendship, mutual help, hospitality, justice-equality and justice-retribution are on the positive pole of this culture. Anger, insult, deception, greed, cowardice, audacity, desecration of the ene-my’s body are on the negative pole. Positive values are fixed in the sanctioned “standards” of social behavior. In this paper is investigated the base of selec-tion of behavior’s way of an epic hero. The preference for a particular action is determined by the fate or the will of the gods, or the traditional moral stan-dards, or considerations of good.
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9. Proceedings of the XXIII World Congress of Philosophy: Volume > 68
Alexey Sokolov Ценности и философские традиции
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1. Philosophy as a part of culture, having its history, also have traditions. The structure of any tradition includes four main elements: a) object of tradition – legacy, b) subject of tradition – its carrier, c) attitude to legacy, inherent in subject an induced by some values, d) function of legacy transmis-sion, performed by subject. 2. Objects of traditions in philosophy are: sets of problems and questions, sets of notions and categories used to think them, interpretation of notions and categories – their changing content, relevant to philosophy ‘list’ of activities for philosophers together with norms and patterns to perform them, and etc. Subjects of traditions are groups of people, who keep and transmit the above mentioned objects. 3. Values connect philosophy with cultural surroundings. They stay beyond traditions, but they are the key factor of influence at the latter. Values drive the interests of philosophers, attracting to an object of tradition or repudiating it. Subject of tradition relates values with some legacy in philosophy, that can be valued, devalued or re-valued. If tradition carrier is unaware of values that impel him to keep legacy, then we deal with unreflective irrational tradition. This kind of tradition play stabilizing role in philosophy, providing succession. Some part of reflective (realizing values) traditions do the same. The rest of them are transforming traditions, because their subject devalues this legacy and values (revalues) some other. Transforming traditions bring philosophy changes. Their time comes when society suffers a shift or replacement of values – during reformations and revolutions.
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10. Proceedings of the XXIII World Congress of Philosophy: Volume > 68
Valentina Stryzhko Перспективы и тупики диалога западного и восточного типов философствования в информационном обществе
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Философия ХХI века в новых сложных условиях глобализирующегося мира уже констатировала наметившиеся интер- и кросскультурные тенденции в своем развитии. Суть в том, что как в западной, так в восточной философских традициях, являющихся основаниями соответствующих культур и цивилизаций, а, значит, и соответствующих систем ценностей, типов мировоззрения, существует сложившееся тысячелетия назад концептуальное ядро, имеющее общий универсальный характер. С другой стороны, в жизни как Востока, так и Запада, в социально-культурной и политической практиках существуют и возникают острые проблемы, указывающие на внутренние противоречия, несовершенства и необходимость изменений и нового современного содержания каждой системы ценностей как Востока, так и Запада. Современная философия, философская компаративистика и социальная философия, вычленяя то общее, что имеется в духовных истоках разных культур и цивилизаций, и то частное, что и сегодня для них принципиально ценно, приоткрывает пути от конфликта к взаимопониманию, конструктивному диалогу, а в будущем и к гармоничному взаимодействию.
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11. Proceedings of the XXIII World Congress of Philosophy: Volume > 68
Елена Воля Воспроизводство достоинства как идеализированная норма учительства
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Воспроизведение человеческого достоинства является основополагающим условием и целью педагогической практики, рассматривается как идеализированная норма учительства. В статье реализуется нормативный подход, предложенный автором к исследованию и интерпретации феномена учительства и его воспроизводства в культуре. Учительство определяется как воспроизводство целостности ценностей знания и личности в другом. Как единицы нормативного анализа выделяются нормы идеальные и реальные, которые делятся на авторитетные, актуальные и предвосхищаемые. Описаны основные идеализированные нормы учительства: воспроизводство человеческого достоинства и воспроизводство жизни в учении. Описан ряд основных особенностей воспроизводства идеальных норм в нормах авторитетных, актуальных и предвосхищаемых.
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12. Proceedings of the XXIII World Congress of Philosophy: Volume > 69
Матвиенко Ирина Геннадьевна Место политической философии в современном политическом процессе
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We discuss the place and role of political philosophy in the development of political sphere and the detection of points of interaction between analytical knowledge and political practice. This discussion is important because of the widespread growth of conflicts in the world, the increase of protests and the expansion of the ranks of opposition against authorities. All this demonstrates a conflict between values and the society, lack of correlation between different views on the definition of objectives as basis for political action and achievement of goals as universal policy capacity. In the absence of universal tools for determining the nature of the political mechanism and the use of the results as political argumentation, it seems necessary to search for channels of communicating expertise, possibilities of scientific examination of the political process, as well as the mechanism of legitimization of the agreements reached by the political theory and practice.
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13. Proceedings of the XXIII World Congress of Philosophy: Volume > 69
Ганина Нина Сергеевна Необходимость сокращения социального неравенства и возможность модернизации мировой экономической архитектуры
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In this paper, we examine ways out of the global socio-economic crisis in order to achieve sustainable social development. The growth of the index of human development, including the freedom of choice of lifestyle, is considered to be a necessary condition for social progress. We study the contribution of international organizations in overcoming social inequalities inside the states and between the states. We investigate the financial possibilities of solving social and political problems. It is necessary to modernize the international financial architecture: a fair solution of the problem of the offshores. Offshore banks and offshore companies up to date enjoyed significant benefits and a more facilitated tax regime; now they can and must reimburse to the society the benefits granted to them by paying full taxes. This is a realistic way to reduce social inequalities, expand human freedom of choice and get out of the global crisis. In assessing the socio-economic role of the offshore companies, the views of politicians and experts worldwide seem to converge. The reform of international organizations – the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank – which was initiated in the end of the 2010s, can serve as a model for the modernization of offshore jurisdictions in the interest of creating fairer social and political relations; this will provide stability to the system, which has as its center the human interest.
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14. Proceedings of the XXIII World Congress of Philosophy: Volume > 69
Аяжан Сагикызы Гуманизм и политическая идеология: проблема пропорции
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The traditional types of political theories, in their absolute form, lead to the reduction of human measure of politics, serving thus as a ground to ideologically totalitarian and authoritarian regimes. That is why the problem of the humanistic content of political ideology should be resolved in the context of analysis of complicated interrelations and inversions of the political discourse of the above paradigms. Politics should be defined as a way of collective self-determination of people in the process of their free interaction that is neither directed, nor controlled by any higher instance, which has the privilege of political domination. In this case, humanistic world outlook and political ideology are no more mutually exclusive, because humanistic values are direcctly and immediately involved in the execution of political functions.
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15. Proceedings of the XXIII World Congress of Philosophy: Volume > 69
Александр Григорьевич Пырин Космосреда и геокосмополитика
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The author introduces the concepts “cosmoenvironment” and “geocosmopolitics” to describe the current stage of development of the society. He summarizes the object and subject-matter of geocosmopolitics.The object of politics is not just territories, as it is commonly considered, but other spatial forms, including outer space. We observe today a stiff competition for resources of outer space. This shows that cosmoenvironment became object of policy. Space environment is part of the natural environment outside our planet, which, on the one hand, is a determining condition of human activities, and, on the other hand, mediates human society with the infinite Universe. The era of geocosmopolitics has started when the cosmoenvironment was included into the sphere of political interests of the world’s major powers. Space exploration and exploitation caused much of the global nature of the current stage of geopolitics, namely geocosmopolitics. In my view, geocosmopolitics can be defined substantively as the relationship between geopolitical forces (states, supranational organizations) in terms of the solution of regional and country-specific, global and space problems.
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16. Proceedings of the XXIII World Congress of Philosophy: Volume > 69
Вероника Шарова Гендерные аспекты современной левой политики: российская специфика
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Данный доклад посвящен проблематике прав женщин и меньшинств в представлении так называемых левых политических сил – партий и движений коммунистической, социалистической и социал-демократической направленности в современной России. В докладе приведен краткий исторический экскурс, касающийся эволюции взглядов на указанную проблему в европейском политическом контексте, и сделан акцент на её состоянии в политической теории и практике современных российских левых. Нами сделан вывод, что на сегодняшний день можно говорить о формировании в России двух практически не пересекающихся левых дискурсов: официозного, по большей части игнорирующего проблему дискриминации женщин и меньшинств; и своеобразных «новых левых», которые одним из направлений своей деятельности выбрали противодействие умолчанию или открытой дискриминационной риторике и практике, которые присущи современной российской власти, консервативной par excellence.
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17. Proceedings of the XXIII World Congress of Philosophy: Volume > 69
Valery Solodky Проективная рационализация как альтернатива радикализации политического взаимодействия
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The most important causes of radicalisation of the political interactions are the alienation of power and political influence, the marginalization of the political subjects, aggravation of the problems of the legitimacy of power through the use of inadequate mechanisms of legitimisation, a certain irrationalization of policy. A significant part of people is eliminated from the political processes. Political parties do not give possibilities to influence the policy to any potential out-of-power political entities and they do not serve as the means of involvement into the politics of the future. The authority does not often fulfill political functions of the power within the society. It does not guide significant for the development social processes and in this sense it appears to be marginal as well as the political parties. The policy is deprived of the essence which is related to the conditions and forms of reproduction and development of the society and human being. The problem of legitimacy is often being solved inadequately when legitimation is based on a traditional or charismatic type. For the rationalization of the policy the following is required: social dereification, restructuring of the society and of the political field itself. New groups of interests, directions and ways of realization of these interests and possibilities of its conformance in management and the associated social design should be identified and completed with regard to social development. In the communication with regard to such projecting, in the process of specification of such projects «places» and «roles» in the social and political space can be created.
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18. Proceedings of the XXIII World Congress of Philosophy: Volume > 7
Anna Koteneva Христианская философия здоровья личности
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The personality’s health is the complex spiritual-psychological phenomenon, which must be studied in the context of the spiritual-moral formation of man, his self-realization, development of capability for adaptation and psychophysical functioning. The investigation of a personality’s health was accomplished from the views of Christian anthropology. The concepts of health, its value for man, are connected to the understanding of sense and purposes of human life – the rescuing of soul and spiritual personality’s transformation. In this tradition, the concept of health indicates, first of all, spiritual health. Holiness is its ideal state. Health - this is chastity - is the highest state of moral perfection. Health can also indicate the absence of spiritual, mental and physical illnesses. These ideas led to the understanding of a personality’s health as a multilevel formation, which includes the unity of man’s psychophysical, psychological and spiritual-moral characteristics. The physical and mental health, necessary for man’s vitality - and on the apex, spiritual- psychological health is located on the basis of this system. The highest spiritual level of the personality’s health exerts the changing influence on the underlying levels connected with the adaptation, self-realization and the personality’s growth. Health is the integrative characteristic of personality, which includes the different spheres of its individual existence.
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19. Proceedings of the XXIII World Congress of Philosophy: Volume > 7
Татьяна Пырова Что происходит с душой игрока Зума?
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The paper focuses on the video game Zuma released in 2003 by PopCap Games. A frog acts as the one and only avatar of the player in this game. Frog operates in several sequentially changing each other milieus: underground water, clinker and finally outer space. I will discuss how the game scenario elaborates ancient ideas about basic elements, which were supposed to be the founding principles of all natural things. Furthermore the frog’s trip reminds representations of a vertical hierarchically arranged world-order. I claim that concerning this point, the analysed game reveals an interesting combination of pagan and Christian theology and stands for the contemporary allegory of the soul salvation. In my paper, I am going to foster the notion of instrumental technology embedded in pocket devices. Instrumentalised religion proves to be yet another instance of the logic of capitalist appropriation of different cultural phenomena.
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20. Proceedings of the XXIII World Congress of Philosophy: Volume > 71
Ермишин Олег Тимофеевич Проблема христианской цивилизации в философии русской эмиграции ХХ в. (В.В. Зеньковский, С.Л. Франк, И.А. Ильин)
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The paper studies the philosophy of Russian diaspora of the twentieth century. We consider the works, which attempt to interpret the foundations and cultural unity of the European Christian civilization. V.V. Zenkovsky (1881-1962) in an untitled manuscript, written between 1920 and 1925, and published in 2011, analyses the history of European civilization, and searches for ways out of the large-scale European crisis. Zenkovsky assumed that it is possible to overcome the crisis through the construction of a harmonious, integral culture. Thus, he tried to develop systematically the fundamental principles of Christian civilization. We compare Zenkovsky’s manuscript with the work of other thinkers of Russian diaspora devoted to the principles of Christian civilization. Semyon L. Frank (1877-1950) in his book The Spiritual Foundations of Society (1930) and Ivan A. Ilyin (1883-1954) in his Foundations of Christian Culture (1937) examine the problems of Christian civilization in the context of social philosophy and philosophy of culture. The Russian philosophers try to interpret the spiritual crisis of European civilization and find ways to overcome its contradictions. Their ideas remain relevant and can still stimulate the philosophical discussions of our time.
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