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Displaying: 71-80 of 597 documents

critical labor
71. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 19 > Issue: 1
Christian Garland, "An Explosive Catalyst in the Material Base": Technology, Precarity, and the Obsolescence of Labor; One Dimensional Society, 2016
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In the mid-twentieth century when One-Dimensional Man was first published, the rapid advance of technology was already beginning to render “labor”—that is, what is known as “work”—superfluous. In 2016, half a century later, the process of “work” is being made largely redundant, if not “unnecessary”: the material truth of capitalist society that can never be uttered since as “work” disappears, so does what was one of its functional cornerstones. This article seeks to contribute to identifying some of the trends in the early twenty-first century first outlined by Marcuse in One-Dimensional Man fifty years ago, in critically defining One-Dimensional Society in 2016.
72. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 19 > Issue: 1
Craig R. Christiansen, One-Dimensionality and Organized Labor in the United States
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The Marcusean concept of one-dimensionality is used to explore contradictions of organized labor. Since the original 1964 publication of One-Dimensional Man, the labor movement has suffered significant losses in membership and power. This essay examines the current relevance of Marcuse’s description of the increasing integration and collusion of organized labor with business, the loss of the union’s role as radical/revolutionary subject, and the containment of organized labor as an oppositional force. The specific mechanisms found in the structure, culture, logic, and legal constraints that characterize the deradicalization of organized labor are critically reviewed.
critical psyche, rationality, and ideology
73. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 19 > Issue: 1
Wolfgang Leo Maar, The Critique of Domination as Rational Dependency
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For Herbert Marcuse, rationality today—amidst advanced capitalism and neoliberalism—is not confronted with an external irrational universal, as it was in the earlier period of liberalism. “General ‘harmony’” is converted into a goal that pacifies because it is technically feasible. Through the critique of everyday experiences, it is possible to distinguish between how individuals immediately appear in actual society and what is essential to society and humanity—by revealing the dependency on capital as a dehumanizing factor. Dependency remains hidden in the relations between universals such as “capitalist society” and technical targets in the everyday lives of individuals. Only social movements that can decipher the rule of capitalism over everyday experiences have any chance of overcoming domination.
74. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 19 > Issue: 1
Inara Luisa Marin, The Bi-Dimensionality of Marcuse’s Critical Psychoanalytical Model of Emancipation: Between Negativity and Normativity
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The paper will examine the critical psychoanalytical model of emancipation proposed by Herbert Marcuse. I will show that Marcuse’s critical model has two moments; one that I call negative, formulated around the idea of repressive sublimation—as developed by Marcuse in One-Dimensional Man—and another one that I call normative, which finds its roots in a very peculiar reading of Freudian narcissism and leads to the idea of nonrepressive sublimation. By this reading of Marcuse, I hope to circumscribe the role of psychoanalysis in the redefinition of the actual tasks of Critical Theory.
75. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 19 > Issue: 1
Jon Bailes, “Enjoy Responsibly”: The Continuing Relevance of Repressive Desublimation
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This essay explores the lasting theoretical value of Marcuse’s “repressive desublimation” via the psychoanalytic concepts of Žižek and Lacan. It argues that Marcuse’s theory should be adapted to include Lacanian notions of death drive and enjoyment, but also that it remains particularly suitable to structurally define consumer capitalist ideologies that incorporate both drive and immediate gratification to reinforce institutional patriarchy. Combining the theories then reveals a paradoxical demand to “enjoy responsibly,” which engenders various indirect rationalizations of Marcuse’s “performance principle.” This interpretation also points to various positive ideological beliefs with critical significance that exceeds Marcuse’s focus on their “higher unification.”
76. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 19 > Issue: 1
Graeme Reniers, “End of Ideology” and the “Crisis of Marxism”: Locating One-Dimensional Man
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Herbert Marcuse’s One-Dimensional Man is framed as a response to the “end of ideology” thesis of political equilibrium and a criticism of mainstream theoretical construction in advanced industrial countries. Such formulations obscured new forms of self-alienation in totally administered society, and replaced any conceived potential subjectivity with objective laws that govern social relations. One-Dimensional Man is also framed as a response to the “crisis of Marxism” by underscoring the importance of popular ideology in shaping subjective action, which at present, precludes proletarian revolution.
77. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 19 > Issue: 1
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78. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 18 > Issue: 2
Harry van der Linden, A Note from the Editor
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79. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 18 > Issue: 2
Fred Evans, Martin, Derrida, and "Ethical Marxism"
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Bill Martin believes that orthodox Marxism has omitted ethics in capturing social reality. He remedies this deficit by constructing an “Ethical Marxism” that appeals to Derrida’s “materialization” of Kant’s categorical imperative. He adds that the historical and ethical dimensions involved in this effort would each be an “empty formalism” without the other. Thus his ultimate goal is to save us from formalism by joining “vision” to “viability,” transcendence to immanence. But some aspects of Martin’s Ethical Marxism suggest that he may be further from Derrida than he thinks. I will explore this possibility and draw its implications for the viability of Martin’s Ethical Marxism.
80. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 18 > Issue: 2
Ana Haber, Desire's Curiosity: Uprooting Hierarchy by Breaking the Tautology of Consensus
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This essay argues that the radical subjectivity of nullity defined as the part-of-no-part by Rancière and as universal-singular agency by Žižek, cannot be embodied in a group or a class, but exclusively through autonomous individuality. All group identities are essentially pragmatically-particularist, i.e., constructed through a consensual counterfeiting of public rationality whose purpose is to maintain hierarchical inequality by defining common interest as the pragmatically-interested distribution of ranks and benefits. The core irrationality of this consensual pragmatism is revealed through its constitutional enmity towards the unavoidable contentiousness of rational dialogue and its suppression of the infinity of rational curiosity. The relentlessness of rational inquiry, given that it questions paternal authority in the given context, is a deed of Desire. Yet, as Kafka’s The Castle shows, the widespread acquiescence to consensual hierarchy deploys the perfidious tool of silent ostracism to disable the autonomous individual from publicly implementing his/her inquiring Desire.