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Displaying: 51-60 of 98 documents

51. Journal of Islamic Philosophy: Volume > 4
Saba Fatima An Examination of the Ethics of Submissiveness
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This paper examines the trait of submissiveness within the framework of virtue ethics. Submissiveness is generally regarded as a vice, particularly when evaluated in reference to patriarchal systems. This paper argues that there is something valuable about the trait of submissiveness—when it functions as a virtue—that is lacking in secular contexts, and this lack detracts from the possibilities of a good life.
52. Journal of Islamic Philosophy: Volume > 4
Lisa Farooque About Celestial Circulation: Averroes’ Tahafūt al-tahafūt and Aristotle’s De Caelo
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For Averroes, celestial circulation is evidence of a divinely mandated rational universe. This paper follows Averroes’ account on cosmic contact between the eternal and the temporal, in Tahafūt al-tahafūt contra al-Ghazālī. It argues that the polemical perspective of the Tahafūt al-tahafūt frames Averroes’ appeal to Aristotle’s account of cosmic motion. Consequently, Averroes’ exceptional account of the universe contrasts Aristotle’s exemplary account of the mutual participation of intellect and nature. Their accounts of celestial circulation implicate the status of human nature conditioned by cosmic nature. As such, the possibility of human freedom rests on the nature of causality between divine intellect and cosmic manifestation. The convergence and divergence of Aristotle and Averroes regarding celestial circulation reveals Averroes’ politics that guide a rational argument for a strong cosmic causal connection between the unmoved mover and the universe, against al-Ghazālī’s rationally inaccessible divine will.
53. Journal of Islamic Philosophy: Volume > 4
Chelsea C. Harry Ibn Bājja and Heidegger on Retreat from Society
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Aristotle claimed that man is by nature social. Later philosophers challenged this assertion, questioning whether man is necessarily social or simply socialized. Ibn Bājja, a twelfth-century philosopher from Muslim Spain, and Martin Heidegger, a twentieth-century German philosopher, approached this question in paradoxical terms, claiming in their respective works that despite having been born into social origins (a necessary framework of existential and social conditions), human beings are able—and even mandated—to escape these origins, and thus society, to some degree. Through Ibn Bājja’s book, The Governance of the Solitary, and a portion of Heidegger’s magnum opus, Being and Time, I present what each of these thinkers posit to be a person’s social origins, and the respective epistemological justifications they provide to suggest that man should work to depart from them. To conclude, I appropriate the claims of Ibn Bājja and Heidegger to address the “real world” plausibility and potential benefits—both to society and to man himself—of man’s departure from society.
54. Journal of Islamic Philosophy: Volume > 4
Carol L. Bargeron On Ghazālīan Epistemology: A Theory
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This work examines, through al-Munqidh, the ways and reasons of al-Ghazālī’s association with skepticism. Was he a skeptic on a Humean model, what was his approach to human knowledge, and what is the nature of al-Ghazālī’s critique of rational knowledge?
55. Journal of Islamic Philosophy: Volume > 4
Aytekin Özel Al-Ghazālī’s Method of Doubt and its Epistemological and Logical Criticism
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The method of doubt has been used in philosophy and theology by both philosophers and theologians, among them al-Ghazālī. Al-Ghazālī’s method conveys the process of how he was cured of his epistemological and existential crisis. This study analyzes each phase of the process in terms of epistemology and logic; it explains the problems and how they appeared to al-Ghazālī.
56. Journal of Islamic Philosophy: Volume > 4
Simin Rahimi Divine Command and Ethical Duty: A Critique of the Scriptural Argument
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What is the relationship between divine commands and ethical duties? According to the divine command theory of ethics, moral actions are obligatory simply because God commands people to do them. This position raises a serious question about the nature of ethics, since it suggests that there is no reason, ethical or non-ethical, behind divine commands; hence both his commands and morality become arbitrary. This paper investigates the scriptural defense of the divine command theory and argues that this methodology is wrong as any interpretation of the text stands on a complex web of ethical and non-ethical presuppositions and as these presuppositions change so does the interpretation.
57. Journal of Islamic Philosophy: Volume > 4
Peter Adamson, Al-Kindī
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58. Journal of Islamic Philosophy: Volume > 4
Julie S. Meisami, Persian Historiography to the End of the Twelfth Century
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59. Journal of Islamic Philosophy: Volume > 4
Jules Janssens, Ibn Sīnā and his Influence on the Arabic and Latin World
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from the editor
60. Journal of Islamic Philosophy: Volume > 3
Muhammad Hozien On Defining the Field: Islamic Philosophy, Arabic Philosophy, or Muslim Philosophy?
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