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Displaying: 51-60 of 381 documents


51. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 14 > Issue: 1
Soon-ok Myong, Byong-soon Chun The Impact of Western Imperialist Collection of Korean Cultural Objects
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This paper investigates microcultural imperialism upon Eastern cultural heritage. In particular, it exposes the loss of Korean cultural artifacts during wars, and also during imperial cultural expeditions, visits of scholarly research groups, and diplomatic encournters. The paper argues that imperialist domination is sometimes concealed in the name of Oriental Studies projects and the assumed superiority of certain nations in terms of knowledge and technology.
52. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 14 > Issue: 1
Antonetta L. Bruno Italian food suits Korean women
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This paper analyses the attitudes of different genders and age groups toward Italian food in Korea. By asking who consumes it, and with whom, how, when, and why, this paper examines the cross-cultural meaning of Italian food and how it is differently perceived by men and women of different ages in Korea. It argues that Italian food is perceived by consumers as sharing female traits and that this, in turn, lends a particular eating experience.
53. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 14 > Issue: 1
Simon C. Estok The Semiotics of Garbage, East and West: A Case Study of A. R. Ammons and Choi Sung-ho
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This paper argues that garbage is no longer the site of contempt and fear and has become an object of profound theoretical investigation. The paper reviews some of the salient points in the growing body of theory about garbage and shows that if one thing has come out of this scholarship, it is that waste is both productive and dangerous, spent but agential, rejected but inescapable, and the intensity of disruptions of order potential in waste are immense. I show that two very different poems – one entitled “Above the Water, Under the Water” by South Korean poet Choi Sung-ho, the other entitled “Garbage” by American poet A.R. Ammons –reveal in very different ways both the agentic capacity of garbage and the ascension of garbage to a semiotics of the sublime in the twentieth century, East and West.
54. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 14 > Issue: 1
Kyung Han You Exploring Mandam [Comic Talk] as a Unique Form of Political Entertainment in Korea During the Japanese Colonial Period
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Using a lens of cultural industry approach, this study explores the rise and fall of the political entertainment with a focus on specific moments associated with the trajectory of Korean political entertainment in public setting. A historical overview of Korean political entertainment traces back to the 1930s when Mandam, a unique kind of political satiric talk became popular in 1930s. Mandam played a satiric role in influencing public opinion on political affairs, particularly led by the early generation of Mandam storytellers. Their criticism centered on Japanese colonial rule, even though Mandam was limited in terms of freedom of speech during this period. Furthermore, this study highlights that the great popularity of Mandam was driven by business organizations for the commercial purpose. Mandam was placed at the core of intricate relationships among the related industries. In sum, the present study concludes that as distinctive form blending political information and entertainment, Mandam played a vital role in expressing individuals‟ political opinions under the communicative circumstances during the Japanese colonial period.
55. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 14 > Issue: 1
Annette Thorsen Vilslev Feelings of Discomfort in Ōe's “Prize Stock”
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This article examines the feelings of discomfort in the works of Nobel Prize winner Kenzaburo Ōe. Focusing on Ōe's first short story “Prize Stock”, Shiiku (1957), the article discusses how the incredible event of a black pilot falling from the sky in the mountains near a small Japanese village during World War II refers to more general racial issues than those described. The discussion argues that Ōe's story, criticized as racist because of the treatment of the black airman, should be read in a broader view, thematising the problems of race and marginalisation in Japan and beyond.
56. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 14 > Issue: 1
I Gede Mugi Raharja East and West Cross Cultural Semiotics: On Taman Ujung Bali Architecture
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Indonesia had absorbed various cultures since ancient times, caused the local cultures were enriched with sign language. However, signs on the traditional culture in Indonesia are more symbolic in nature. Interestingly, East and West cross-cultural sign was encountered in Bali, on Sukasada Park design, in Ujung Village, Karangasem regency. The park which was known as Taman Ujung was a legacy of Karangasem Kingdom. This article was compiled from the results of research conducted in 1999, 2012 and 2016. The latest study was specifically conducted to examine the signs on the design of Taman Ujung. Therefore, this study used a semiotic approach, which deals with the science of signs. Such signs could be seen in the form of design, material‟s quality and decoration of the building. The pavilion, placed in the middle of the pond caused Taman Ujung was different from the traditional Balinese garden in general. The Pavilion, called Gili, became a sign of the influence of modern western architecture. The use of concrete construction and decorative concrete mold were signs of the influence of western technology. Their decorative Karang Bentala and a lion with a crown were related to the Royal Dutch symbol mark. This sign implies the meaning of good relations between Karangasem Kingdom and Netherlands‟ Kingdom in the past.
57. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 14 > Issue: 1
Ulani Yunus Symbols of Cross-cultural Communication in Kasepuhan Palace Indonesia
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The purpose of this study is to illustrate how art and culture in the Kasepuhan Palace can be interpreted as a form of cross-cultural communication. The inquiry addresses two research questions: What are cultures that interact in the 15th century in Indonesia? and How does this interaction appear in Kasepuhan Palace. The results show interactions with culture from India, China, Egypt and Europe. Among the motives: trade, the spread of religion and international politics.
58. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 14 > Issue: 1
Luqman Hakim, Siti Mutiah Setiawati Building Up Trust in Peaceful and Democratic One Asia
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Globalization cannot be stopped nor denied. Sometimes it may have not only a positive impact but also a negative one, as rivalry among nations may ensue. Economic and political rivalry leads to break up of the conducive environment of political security. Unresolved territorial claims and boundary disputes may become triggering factors. Superpowers’ interference may had to the conflict. The purpose of this article is to explain the possibilities of building up trust in peaceful and democratic One Asia Community by systematically and effectively introducing educational programs to enhance awareness of cultural differences, teach conflict resolution techniques, and promote an ideal of ethical responsibility and unselfishness.
59. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 14 > Issue: 1
Nicolito A. Gianan Cross-Cultural Semiotic Dialogue and the Spoliarium
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The trade-offs of “meaning-making” between East and West may be regarded as an aggiornamento (“updating”) for any culture in contact. But since aggiornamento entails a wide range of subjects, the essay situates the meaning-making within the scope of masterpieces in diverse formats, from the printed literary text to the painted image (e.g., Spoliarium). Specifically, the essay offers a rethinking of the cross-cultural semiotic dialogue, paving the way for recognizing the homo significans. However, the customary framing of the Spoliarium does not seem to warrant its conscious knowledge and understanding as a text and a visual art. For this reason, the essay endorses its reframing and its aggiornamento, which is induced by the rapid advancement of science and technology.
60. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 13 > Issue: 2
Asunción López-Varela Azcárate Introduction: Performance, Medial Innovation and Culture
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