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Displaying: 41-50 of 86 documents


biosemiotics
41. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 31 > Issue: 2
Tommi Vehkavaara Естественный интерес, интерактивная репрезентация и формирование объектов и умвельта: определение главных семиотических понятий в рамках биосемиотики. Резюме
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42. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 31 > Issue: 2
Tommi Vehkavaara Loomulik huvi, interaktiivne esitus, objektide ja omailma kujunemine: peamiste semiootiliste mõistete piiritlemine biosemiootika jaoks
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43. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 31 > Issue: 2
Kalevi Kull Ladder, tree, web: The ages of biological understanding
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Fundamental turns in biological understanding can be interpreted as replacements of deep models that organise the biological knowledge. Three deep models distinguished here are a holistic ladder model that sees all levels of nature being complete (from Aristotle to the 18th century), a modernist tree model that emphasises progress and evolution (from Enlightenment to the recent times), and a web model that evaluates diversity (since the 20th century). The turn from the tree model to the web model in biology includes (1) a transfer from modern to postmodern approaches, (2) a shift of semiotic threshold to the border of life, and (3) building the semiotic models of living systems, i.e., the rise of biosemiotics.
44. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 31 > Issue: 2
Kalevi Kull Redel, puu, võrk: arusaamise ajastud bioloogias. Kokkuvõte
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45. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 31 > Issue: 2
Kalevi Kull Лестница, дерево, сеть: вехи понимания в биологии. Резюме
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reviews
46. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 31 > Issue: 2
Anton Markoš, Eduard Gajdoš, László Hajnal, Fatima Cvrčková An epigenetic machine
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general semiotics
47. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 31 > Issue: 1
Han-liang Chang Is language a primary modeling system? On Juri Lotman’s concept of semiosphere
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Juri Lotman’s well-known distinction of primary modeling system versus secondary modeling system is a lasting legacy of his that has been adhered to, modified, and refuted by semioticians of culture and nature. Adherence aside, modifications and refutations have focused on the issue whether or not language is a primary modeling system, and, if not, what alternatives can be made available to replace it. As Sebeok would concur, for both biosemiosis and anthroposemiosis, language can only be a secondary modeling system on top of the biological experience of Umwelt or human sensory system. This paper proposes to explore the possibility of a “preverbal” modeling system suggested by Lotman’s spatial concept of semiosphere, and discuss its implications in cross-cultural dialogue.
48. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 31 > Issue: 1
Han-liang Chang Kas keel on esmane modelleeriv süsteem? Juri Lotmani mõistest ‘semiosfäär’. Kokkuvõte
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49. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 31 > Issue: 1
Han-liang Chang Является ли язык первичной моделирующей системой? О понятии семиосферы у Юрия Лотмана. Резюме
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50. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 31 > Issue: 1
Augusto Ponzio Modeling, dialogue, and globality: Biosemiotics and semiotics of self. 1. Semiosis, modeling, and dialogism
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With our paper we intend to offer a critical overview of state of the art in semiotics, with specific reference to theoretical problems concerning the relationship between culture and nature. In other words, we intend to focus on the relationship between the concepts of semiosphere (Lotman) and biosphere (Vernadsky) considering the various approaches to this issue and proposing our own point of view. An important reference for a valid overview view of semiotics today is the Handbook Semiotik/Semiotics. It is no incident that the subtitle of this work is A Handbook on the Sign-Theoretic Foundations of Nature and Culture. In this handbook a fundamental role is carried out by Thomas A. Sebeok and his particular approach to semiotics, which may be designated as ‘global semiotics’. One of the pivotal concepts in Sebeok’s global semiotics is that of modeling which traverses nature and culture. This concept connects natural semiosis and cultural semiosis and ensues in an original formulation of the relationship between the notions of ‘semiosphere’ and ‘biosphere’. Such problematics respond to semiotic research in Tartu today, especially as it finds expression in the present journal. And, in fact, as in his book of 2001, Global Semiotics, Sebeok often underlined the importance of the Estonian connection himself in his writings for the development of semiotics.