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Displaying: 101-120 of 710 documents


section 1: diagnosing the present moment
101. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 21 > Issue: 1
David Schweickart Capitalism vs the Climate: What Then Should We Do? What Then Should I Do?
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We are facing a terrifying moment in human history, but also a miraculous moment. At the very time when climate change threatens our species with extinction, we not only know that we face an existential threat, we have the means not only to avert catastrophe, but to provide virtually everybody on our planet with the material means for decent life. This paper asks, and attempts to answer, a series of questions: Why are we not doing what needs to be done? Is there a viable alternative to our current economic order? What then should I do?
102. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 21 > Issue: 1
Tony Smith Beyond Extreme Monetary Policy . . . and Towards Twenty-First Century Socialism?
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Extreme monetary policies successfully prevented the “Great Recession” of 2007–2009 from turning into a global depression. However, they did not address the underlying problems in global capitalism. In recent years prominent “insiders” of global capitalism have proposed reforms designed to remedy these defects. I argue that these proposals are inadequate, due in great part to a failure to acknowledge a profound change in the “deep structure” of capitalism. Technological change, which in the past has contributed so much to the dynamism of capitalism development, no longer does so. The need for extreme monetary policies in the aftermath of the Great Recession of 2007–2009, the failure of these policies, and the lack of plausible alternatives to them, are all symptoms of an underlying disease beyond cure. A path towards a democratic form of socialism must be forged for the simple yet compelling reason Rosa Luxemburg articulated: it is a matter of socialism or barbarism.
section 2: visions of 21st-century socialism
103. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 21 > Issue: 1
Sebastian Purcell Liberation Politics as a (New) Socialist Politics
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Liberation philosophy was born from radical, socialist roots. Yet recent developments by major figures in the tradition, including Enrique Dussel, would appear to position the movement unhelpfully closer to liberalism. The present article argues that this is a misconception, and that Liberation philosophy rather suggests a new ideal for conceptions of political justice, one that also helpfully avoids a number of common objections that dog traditional socialist proposals. The work of John Rawls is used as a dialogical counter point to suggest the relative merits for the new approach Liberation philosophy suggest for socialism.
104. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 21 > Issue: 1
Nancy Holmstrom The Dialectic of the Individual and the Collective: An Ecological Imperative
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Instead of understanding property and rationality individualistically as in capitalism, the ecological crisis makes it imperative that we change the priority to the social/collective point of view. Public goods/commonstock should be the default, and private property should have to be justified. Rationality should be understood not primarily from an individual perspective, but from a social/collective point of view. This does not entail the sacrifice of individual rights and freedom to the collective, but rather the synthesis of the two. Planning and freedom coincide if the planning is democratic, which can only happen in a more egalitarian society.
section 3: 21st-century socialist practices
105. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 21 > Issue: 1
Mladjo Ivanovic The European Grammar of Inclusion: Integrating Epistemic and Social Inclusion of Refugees in Host Societies
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This paper tackles an old, yet persisting philosophical and cultural imaginary that justifies the political subjugation, marginalization and exclusion of distant others through claims that such people are less advanced and cognitively inferior, and therefore remain at the periphery of moral and political considerations of Western political culture. My premise here is that all knowledge is historically conditioned, and as such serves as a discursive formation that mirrors and sustains specific historical forms of social organization and practices. Thus, by considering the interrelated themes of epistemic and social inclusion (and exclusion) of refugees and migrants from a range of critical philosophical perspectives, I argue that successfully managing the dire humanitarian circumstances involved in admitting and receiving displaced and migrant people requires the inclusion of both the bodies of knowledge and discursive interactions (i.e., epistemic inclusion) and also diverse social and cultural perspectives (i.e., social inclusion).
106. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 21 > Issue: 1
Richard Schmitt Methods of Democratic Decision-Making: Elections, Deliberation, Mediation
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The paper reflects on the methods democratic systems use for arriving at decisions. The most popular ones are elections where the majority rules and deliberative democracy. I argue that both of these do not measure up to the demands of democracy. Whether we use voting with majority rule or deliberative methods, only a portion of the citizenry is allowed to rule itself; minorities are always excluded. Instead of voting with majority ruler or deliberative methods, I suggest that we employ mediation (ADR) to reach agreement in democratic publics.
section 4: the intersection between gender and class
107. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 21 > Issue: 1
Lillian Cicerchia Feminism, Capitalism, and Nancy Fraser’s "Terrain of Battle"
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In this paper I argue that Nancy Fraser’s theory of social reproduction is misleading and that the process of exploitation is more central to women’s oppression than Fraser’s theory suggests. I argue that Fraser’s theory of women’s oppression is continuous with her theory of capitalism and political agency. I critique Fraser’s theory of capitalism at a structural level to clarify some of the ambiguity in her position about the difference between production and reproduction. I then compare Fraser’s view with a structural view of class to make my critique and extend it to her theoretical distinction between status and class.
108. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 21 > Issue: 1
Ann Ferguson Socialist-Feminist Transitions and Visions
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Socialism from a feminist perspective is not an all or nothing blueprint, but rather a vision of degrees of power/freedom that people in a particular society have in economic, political, social and personal relations. Examples are discussed of societies which are more or less socialist in their class, racial/ethnic, and gender equality, power and freedom. Historical changes in affective economic relations of care, love and affection inform such class, race/ethnic, gender and sexual differences. Three types of transitional strategies are relevant for social movements working toward socialism.
review essay
109. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 21 > Issue: 1
Richard Peterson Agamben: Politics in a Philosophical Mode
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book reviews
110. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 21 > Issue: 1
Kelin Emmett Guns and Freedom: Under Review: Do Guns Make Us Free?: Democracy and the Armed Society, by Firmin DeBrabander
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111. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 21 > Issue: 1
Thomas Klikauer Philosophy, Capitalism, Individualism, and History: Under Review: History and Obstinacy, by Alexander Kluge and Oskar Negt
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112. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 21 > Issue: 1
Richard Schmitt New Questions without a New Art
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113. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 21 > Issue: 1
Contributors
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114. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 20 > Issue: 2
Harry van der Linden Editor's Introduction
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articles
115. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 20 > Issue: 2
John Harfouch The Arab that Cannot be Killed: An Orientalist Logic of Genocide
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This paper argues that certain orientalist writings authorize the genocide of Arab peoples precisely by establishing the conditions for the impossibility of Arab death. Of particular import to this analysis is the nineteenth century philological work of famed orientalist Ernest Renan, who argues that Arabs are psychically inorganic because their language has never demonstrated the organic historical development characteristic of European peoples. The historico-logical impossibility of killing Arab peoples is essential not only if philosophers are going to grasp the rationale of the ongoing and often casual murder of Arabs, but also if scholars of race hope to comprehend the specificities of biopolitical racism, orientalizing racism, historical racism, animalizing racism, and so on.
116. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 20 > Issue: 2
Jess M. Otto Derrick Bell’s Paradigm of Racial Realism: An Overlooked and Underappreciated Theorist
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This article aims to introduce Bell’s work to philosophical audiences while also presenting his work for consideration within our contemporary discussions of race and racism. Bell’s contributions to our understanding of race have gone largely unnoticed, and that those who consider themselves philosophers of race are unfamiliar with the contributions of the intellectual father of Critical Race Theory is not only a failure of intellectual scholarship, but it is also a missed opportunity to take seriously the claims of a legal, political, and philosophical titan. The first section of this paper seeks to present Bell’s paradigm of racial realism and its constituent components. The second section explores what has led to Bell’s near complete exclusion from the discipline of philosophy, and philosophy of race specifically. The third section addresses the contributions that Bell’s theories can make to our contemporary discussions of race within the discipline of philosophy.
117. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 20 > Issue: 2
Gregory Fernando Pappas The Limitations and Dangers of Decolonial Philosophies: Lessons from Zapatista Luis Villoro
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In this essay I pay homage to one of the most important but neglected philosophers of liberation in Latin America, Luis Villoro, by considering what possible lessons we can learn from his philosophy about how to approach injustices in the Americas. Villoro was sympathetic to liberatory-leftist philosophies but he became concerned with the direction they took once they grew into philosophical movements centered on shared beliefs or on totalizing theories that presume global explanatory power. These movements became vulnerable to extremes or vices that undermine their liberatory promise. I examine some of these worrying tendencies among that body of literature roughly described as “decolonial thought” (e.g., Enrique Dussel, Walter Mignolo). After a concise presentation of Villoro and the decolonial turn, I consider four dangers that this new liberatory-leftist movement faces and why Villoro should be a significant voice as the decoloniality debate moves forward.
118. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 20 > Issue: 2
Shelley M. Park Polyamory Is to Polygamy as Queer Is to Barbaric?
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This paper critically examines the ways in which dominant poly discourses position polyamorists among other queer and feminist-friendly practices while setting polygamists outside of those practices as the heteronormative and hyper-patriarchal antithesis to queer kinship. I begin by examining the interlocking liberal discourses of freedom, secularism and egalitarianism that frame the putative distinction between polyamory and polygamy. I then argue that the discursive antinomies of polyamory/polygamy demarcate a distinction that has greater affective resonance than logical validity—an affective resonance, moreover, that is built on neocolonial framings of polygamy as barbaric and idealizations of polyamory that whitewash its practices.
119. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 20 > Issue: 2
John-Patrick Schultz Social Acceleration and the New Politics of Time
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Critical theory has recently charted the rise of an unprecedented wave of social acceleration transforming Western capitalism. Within that body of work, a tendency has emerged to frame this new temporality as a stable structure lacking in the possibility for visions of alternatives, let alone for substantive revolt or challenge. This essay argues that recent struggles like Occupy and 15-M experimented with an alternative, utopian temporality that challenged and disrupted acceleration, revealing the latter to be prone to generating and expanding the conditions of temporal struggle. Acceleration is therefore unstable, and cannot be adequately understood apart from its increasing cultivation of visions of and experiments in other temporalities.
review essay
120. Radical Philosophy Review: Volume > 20 > Issue: 2
Harry van der Linden Trump, Populism, Fascism, and the Road Ahead
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