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Displaying: 101-110 of 12008 documents


book reviews
101. The Journal of Philosophy: Volume > 114 > Issue: 3
Thomas Blanchard How Physics Makes Us Free
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102. The Journal of Philosophy: Volume > 114 > Issue: 2
Damiano Costa The Transcendentist Theory of Persistence
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This paper develops a endurantist theory of persistence. The theory is built around one basic tenet, which concerns existence at a time – the relation between an object and the times at which that object is present. According to this tenet, which I call transcendentism, for an object to exist at a time is for it to participate in events that are located at that time. I argue that transcendentism is a semantically grounded and metaphysically fruitful. It is semantically grounded, insofar as a semantic analysis of our temporal talk favors it over rivals. It is metaphysically fruitful, insofar as the theory of persistence that can be built around it – the transcendentist theory of persistence, to give it a name – requires neither temporal parts nor the problematic commitments to which all extant forms of endurantism are committed, such as the possibility of extended simples or multilocation.
103. The Journal of Philosophy: Volume > 114 > Issue: 2
Christoph Kelp, Mona Simion Criticism and Blame in Action and Assertion
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In this paper, we develop a general normative framework for criticisability, blamelessness and blameworthiness in action. We then turn to the debate on norms of assertion. We show that an application of this framework enables champions of the so-called knowledge rule of assertion to offer a theoretically motivated response to a number of putative counterexamples in terms of blamelessness. Finally, we argue that, on closer inspection, the putative counterexamples serve to confirm the knowledge rule and disconfirm rival views.
104. The Journal of Philosophy: Volume > 114 > Issue: 2
Joe Horton The All or Nothing Problem
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There are many cases in which, by making some great sacrifice, you could bring about either a good outcome or a very good outcome. In some of these cases, it seems wrong for you to bring about the good outcome, since you could bring about the very good outcome with no additional sacrifice. It also seems permissible for you not to make the sacrifice, and bring about neither outcome. But together, these claims seem to imply that you ought to bring about neither outcome rather than the good outcome. And that seems very counterintuitive. In this paper, I develop this problem, propose a solution, and then draw out some implications both for how we should understand supererogation and for how we should approach charitable giving.
book reviews
105. The Journal of Philosophy: Volume > 114 > Issue: 2
Kenny Easwaran Reasons without Persons: Rationality, Identity, and Time
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106. The Journal of Philosophy: Volume > 114 > Issue: 2
New Books
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107. The Journal of Philosophy: Volume > 114 > Issue: 1
Wayne Wu Shaking Up the Mind’s Ground Floor: The Cognitive Penetration of Visual Attention
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This paper discusses the cognitive penetration of visual attention by intention, a form of top-down modulation where cognitive states directly influence visual processing. In the current literature, the case for cognitive penetration is largely made based on behavioral data. However, in the case of attention, the plausibility of cognitive penetration is secured by unpacking the nature of attention in the context of a computational model of attention-related visual processing. Attention thus provides the best empirical case for cognitive penetration. Additionally, the paper highlights the epistemic consequences of the cognitive penetration of vision by a subject’s cognitive and other biases.
108. The Journal of Philosophy: Volume > 114 > Issue: 1
Luc Lauwers, Peter Vallentyne A Tree Can Make a Difference
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We show that it is not possible to extend the ranking of one-stage lotteries based on their weak-expectation (Easwaran 2008) to a reflexive and transitive (but possibly incomplete) relation on the collection of one- and two-stage lotteries that satisfies two basic axioms, the minimal value axiom and the reduction axiom. We propose an extension that satisfies only the first axiom. This ranking takes payoffs, their probabilities, and the tree structure into account.
comments and criticism
109. The Journal of Philosophy: Volume > 114 > Issue: 1
Oliver R. Marshall Giaquinto on Acquaintance with Numbers
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Marcus Giaquinto claims that finite cardinal numbers are sensible properties, and that the smallest ones are known by acquaintance. In this paper I compare Giaquinto’s epistemology to the Russellian one with which it invites comparison, before showing how it is subject to a version of Jody Azzouni’s “epistemic role” objection. Then I argue that the source of this problem is Giaquinto’s misconception that numbers, like quantities, are sensible properties. Finally, I offer a sketch of a theory of how we grasp finite cardinals on the assumption that they are not sensible, and show why this is not subject to the epistemic role objection.
110. The Journal of Philosophy: Volume > 114 > Issue: 1
In Memoriam: Derek Parfit
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