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Displaying: 1-10 of 933 documents

1. Business and Professional Ethics Journal: Volume > 36 > Issue: 1
Jeff Everett, Dean Neu, Abu Shiraz Rahaman, Ethics in the Eye of the Beholder: A Pluralist View of Fair Trade
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This paper examines fair trade through a variety of ethical lenses as a means of determining whether or not it is, indeed, fair. The specific lenses employed are utilitarianism, justice, rights, virtue, and care. The context examined is coffee production and the analysis is based on twenty-three interviews conducted with fair trade coffee producers and other associated actors in the country of Guatemala. The paper highlights how each of these lenses draws attention to the unique moral dimensions of fair trade, and demonstrates how a pluralist view enables a better grasp of the complexity of the ethics surrounding fair trade than is provided by any one, singular framing. Implications of the analysis are provided for business educators, practitioners, and students of fair trade.
2. Business and Professional Ethics Journal: Volume > 36 > Issue: 1
Patricia Grant, Surendra Arjoon, Peter McGhee, Reconciling Ethical Theory and Practice: Toward Developing a Business Ethics Pedagogical Model
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Recent work in ethical theory brings into question the ability of master-principle theories (utilitarianism, deontology, rights and duties, and social contracts) to provide guidance for normative behaviour and ethical reflection. Business ethics education and corporate ethics programmes are still heavily influenced by these theories which have been found to be deficient in adequately dealing with ethical reflection and guiding practice. There appears to be a dissonance between the fields of ethical theory and business ethics education. This paper explores this dissonance by developing a business ethics pedagogical model which compliments master-principle theories with an enhanced or enlightened virtue ethics that incorporates the notions of pluralism, particularism, and intuitionism. Practical insights are provided through interviews with a sample of thirty-three directors in New Zealand.
3. Business and Professional Ethics Journal: Volume > 36 > Issue: 1
Marc S. Mentzer, Attitudes toward Employee Rights among the States: Why Vermont Is Not Like Mississippi
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The connection between U.S. political culture and strictness of employment regulation is examined. Political culture has been influenced by the patterns of English settlers, most notably the divergence between the Puritan-influenced values of New England and the royalist-influenced values of the American South.
4. Business and Professional Ethics Journal: Volume > 36 > Issue: 1
Caroline Moraes, Consumers' Concerns with How They Are Researched Online
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Increased consumer usage of the internet has highlighted a number of problematic online marketing practices, including the use of online platforms to research consumers without full consumer awareness. Despite current debates regarding online research ethics from a marketing perspective, scant research has been published on consumers’ concerns with how they are researched online, which is a knowledge gap this paper seeks to address through qualitative research with UK consumers. This is an important yet neglected topic, given that consumer voices have been under-represented in the online research ethics debate over the years. The paper makes a significant theoretical contribution as it extends the ethics of care and responsibility to an online context, which can frame ongoing online research ethics discussions where problematic power asymmetries may exist between researchers and consumers.
5. Business and Professional Ethics Journal: Volume > 36 > Issue: 1
Deniz Öztürk, Semra F. Aşcıgil, Workplace Bullying among Public Sector Employees: Reflections upon Organizational Justice Perceptions and Organizational Citizenship Behavior
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This study aims to explore the influence of workplace bullying incidences on both targets and bystanders with respect to their perceptions of organizational justice and organizational citizenship behavior. Responses from 288 white-collar public employees revealed that one third of the participants stated themselves as being exposed to workplace bullying behavior in the last six months. As hypothesized, findings support the view that workplace bullying experience plays a significant negative role in organizational justice and citizenship behavior perceptions. Moreover, a significant negative effect is also found on justice perceptions and citizenship behavior of bystanders. Subjective evaluations did not reveal a significant effect in both cases.
6. Business and Professional Ethics Journal: Volume > 36 > Issue: 1
Notes on Contributors
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7. Business and Professional Ethics Journal: Volume > 35 > Issue: 2/3
David Steingard, Introduction to Special Issue #2: Benefit Corporations: Ethics and Efficacy of a New Corporate Form
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8. Business and Professional Ethics Journal: Volume > 35 > Issue: 2/3
Perry Goldschein, Paul Miesing, How Benefit Corporations Effectively Enhance Corporate Responsibility
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Corporations evolved from serving a public purpose at the beginning of the seventeenth century to, legally and culturally, primarily maximizing profit for shareholders which continues at the beginning of this twenty-first century. Government and civil society have largely continued serving the public interest over time, but have struggled to keep pace with increasing and rapidly evolving challenges in recent decades. While social entrepreneurs and the corporate sector have stepped in to help address these challenges, through the practice of corporate responsibility, they have faced unnecessary hurdles in doing so. The benefit corporation was established in 2010 both to remove these hurdles and also help further unleash the power of business to address society’s most pressing problems. Despite various criticisms, benefit corporations are doing just that – enhancing the practice of corporate responsibility in the process – and will continue to improve over time. This paper summarizes the advantages of benefit corporations, points out some shortcomings which serve as areas for improvement, and addresses some of these criticisms.
9. Business and Professional Ethics Journal: Volume > 35 > Issue: 2/3
Regina Robson, Organizational Horcruxes: Benefit Corporations as a Container for Entity Identity
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This article examines the potential effect of organizing as a benefit corporation both on reducing transaction costs and as a container and creator of firm “identity.” It argues that to the extent that the Model Benefit Corporation Law (MBCL) creates a permissive environment—a big tent that can accommodate a diverse set of investors—it diminishes the power of the benefit organizational form to shape a unique benefit identity. Conversely, to the extent the MBCL creates a schema of mandatory defaults that unduly impedes contracting, it will discourages adoption by entrepreneurs, and risks becoming a minor aberration—perhaps one of many—on the organizational landscape. The article suggests that further empirical research is needed to determine which firms are choosing the benefit corporation form; how the benefit corporation identity may have influenced that decision; and how those firms themselves affect perceptions of benefit identity by the larger community.
10. Business and Professional Ethics Journal: Volume > 35 > Issue: 2/3
Daryl Koehn, Michael Hannigan, Are Benefit Corporations Truly Beneficial?
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Michael Hannigan is the CEO and co-founder of Give Something Back Office Supplies, the third largest office supply company on the west coast of the United States. Hannigan began his business in 1991, long before any benefit corporation legislation was enacted. He reincorporated his business as a benefit corporation after California passed such legislation in 2011. On April 23, 2015, he spoke at the 22nd Annual Stakeholder Dialogue Speaker Series convened at the University of St. Thomas, Minneapolis, by Daryl Koehn and the Veritas Institute. His remarks cover the genesis of his interest in socially responsible business and the start of his company. Hannigan also discusses the arc of what he refers to as the “fourth sector”—the emergence of the social enterprise sector. He evaluates where benefit corporations began and shares his reflections on how they may develop in the future. Hannigan’s talk concludes with a short question and answer session with audience members at the event.