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Alternative Spirituality and Religion Review

Volume 7
Roman Catholic New Religious Movements

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Displaying: 1-10 of 24 documents


1. Alternative Spirituality and Religion Review: Volume > 7 > Issue: 2
Bernard Doherty, Roman Catholic New Religious Movements: Special Issue Editor’s Introduction
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2. Alternative Spirituality and Religion Review: Volume > 7 > Issue: 2
Massimo Introvigne, Tradition, Family and Property (TFP) and the Heralds of The Gospel: The Religious Economy of Brazilian Conservative Catholicism
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Plinio Corrêa de Oliveira (1908–1995) was a leading figure in Latin American conservative Catholicism. In 1960, he founded the Brazilian Society for the Defense of Tradition, Family and Property (TFP), which quickly expanded internationally and played a significant role in conservative Catholicism during and after the Second Vatican Council. In the 1970s and 1980s, TFP was often in conflict with liberal Brazilian bishops, while it struggled to define its internal nature and chose between the ecclesial models of either a quasi-religious order or of a secular lay association mostly devoted to political issues. This struggle, after Corrêa de Oliveira’s death in 1995, led to a bitter separation between its two main branches. The Heralds of the Gospel were reorganized as a religious order recognized by the Holy See. The Fundadores (Founders) of the TFP continued as a lay association with a special interest in conservative politics. The pontificate of Pope Francis has led the Fundadores in a direction increasingly critical of the Vatican, while the Heralds of the Gospel remain a religious order within the Catholic Church and have tried to adapt to the agenda and style of the new Pope. This article reconstructs the history of the different organizations tracing their origins to the activities of Corrêa de Oliveira, including the developments after his death, utilizing the framework of the sociological theory of religious economy and of different “niches” in the intra-Catholic religious market.
3. Alternative Spirituality and Religion Review: Volume > 7 > Issue: 2
Susan J. Palmer, Dale J. Rose, Quebec’s Holy Spirit Incarnate: The Transformation of a Marian Prayer Group into la Mission de l’Esprit-Saint
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The Mission of the Holy Spirit or la Mission de l’Ésprit Saint (MES), founded circa 1915, is one of Quebec’s oldest alternative religions. Today it might be described as a messianic movement, based on the charisma and millenarian mission of Eugene Richer (1871–1925), a Montreal policeman known to his followers as “ERL” (Eugene Richer dit Lafleche) and believed to be the Holy Spirit Incarnate. But its origins can be traced back to small Catholic Marian prayer circle called Notre-Dame du Sacre-Coeur de la Régénération (NDSCR). Sometime between 1913 and 1916, the NDSCR broke from Rome, changed its name to Mission de l’Ésprit Saint, and evolved into a messianic, evangelistic sect with an alternative cosmology, distinctive practices, and a sectarian stance towards the larger society. Our purpose is to investigate this period of dramatic transformation. Recently, an important historical document has become available that sheds new light on the events surrounding the foundation of this movement and challenges the congregation’s current understanding of their own history. We explore new interpretations of the enigma of ERL’s charismatic leadership and the founding of his movement in light of this new document.
4. Alternative Spirituality and Religion Review: Volume > 7 > Issue: 2
Christopher Hartney, More Catholic Than the Pope: The “Catholic” Career of William Kamm, and the Rise of the Order of St Charbel
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This article develops previous research on the relationship of the seer William Kamm and his Order of St Charbel to the official Catholic Church. Kamm (b.1950) has led a long career as a mystic and communicator with the Virgin Mary and other members of the Holy Family. He has established the Order of St Charbel as a para-official organisation of the Catholic Church. This article considers how Kamm has struggled to seem officially Catholic and considers the actions and potential failure of the Church to distance itself from Kamm.
5. Alternative Spirituality and Religion Review: Volume > 7 > Issue: 2
Janet Kahl, Bernard Doherty, Channelling Mary in the New Age: The Magnificat Meal Movement
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The Magnificat Meal Movement (MMM) emerged in the early 1990s as one Australian example of the millennialist belief system sometimes referred to as ‘Roman Catholic Apocalyptic’ associated with a series of alleged apparitions of Virgin Mary. Like many of the other Marian apparitional movements which have emerged from the Roman Catholic spiritual milieu since the Second World War, the MMM soon spread internationally and caused some concern to the Roman Catholic hierarchy, especially in Australia and Ireland. Following an ecclesiastical investigation between 1997 and 1999, an official statement emphasizing the group’s lack of institutional approval or affiliation was issued by the then Bishop of Toowoomba (Queensland, Australia) William Morris in 1999. Since this time the group has undergone a radical transformation. Utilizing insights from the study of Roman Catholic apocalyptic, ‘improvisational millennialism,’ ‘conspirituality,’ and scholarship on the development of Marian apparitional movements, this article seeks to illustrate some of the ways in which the MMM has developed from its roots in the Catholic Charismatic Renewal (CCR), to a cohesive and communal conservative Catholic apocalyptic group, and finally to a loose-knit online community with an increasingly eclectic millennial vision, and to identify some of the factors that have contributed to this development.
6. Alternative Spirituality and Religion Review: Volume > 7 > Issue: 2
Donald A. Westbrook, Vatican II and the Study of Catholic New Religious Movements
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This article introduces the theological relationship of the Roman Catholic Church to new religious movements (NRMs) in the wake of the Second Vatican Council (1962–1965). While other articles in this special issue provide case studies of specifically Catholic NRMs, this article is predominately concerned with examining Vatican II and post-Vatican II theology that frames the church’s relationship to such groups in often problematic and unclear terms. For instance, the traditional ecclesiastical distinction between ecumenical and interreligious affairs leaves little, if any, theological room for categorizing NRMs at large and Catholic NRMs in particular. Assuming NRMs with Catholic roots have no interest in returning to communion with the church in Rome, these “sects” or excommunicated groups may be fruitfully comparable to NRMs with restorationist leanings that resemble Catholic traditionalist movements (some of which are indeed in good ecclesial standing). The relationship of the Roman Catholic Church to the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS) is one comparative example. However, unlike the LDS, excommunicated Catholics would of course not be possible candidates for ecumenical or interreligious dialogue, ironically but precisely because of disputes over claims of Catholic orthodoxy and orthopraxy. Such cases may represent a liminal position, neither “intra” nor “inter” in relation to the communion of Catholic Christendom, though the point becomes moot given competing claims to ecclesial authority.
book reviews
7. Alternative Spirituality and Religion Review: Volume > 7 > Issue: 2
Bernard Doherty, Sects, Cults and New Religions. Edited by Carole M. Cusack and Danielle Kirby
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8. Alternative Spirituality and Religion Review: Volume > 7 > Issue: 2
Angela Burt, Jainism: A Guide for the Perplexed. By Sherry Fohr
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9. Alternative Spirituality and Religion Review: Volume > 7 > Issue: 2
Carole M. Cusack, Hinduism and the 1960s: The Rise of a Counter-Culture. By Paul Oliver
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10. Alternative Spirituality and Religion Review: Volume > 7 > Issue: 2
Glenys Eddy, Imagining the Course of Life: Self-Transformation in a Shan Buddhist Community. By Nancy Eberhardt
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