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Displaying: 1-10 of 38 documents


estudios
1. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 1 > Issue: 2
Constancio de Castro Aguirre Las Ciencias Comportamentales, nueva frontera deI saber positivo
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There is a credibility decay on positive knowledge among the social scientists and particularly among the psychologists. Certainly different prejudices dwell upon this phenomenon. First and principal the usually made identity of positive and natural knowledge. This belief is also fed by many others such as that one which assumes that every quantification, which is a consequence of positive knowledge,follows the model of the Physical Sciences. We consider that all these prejudices do not keep in mind the work done in the last decades on the Theories of Measure. We consider also that psychophysical methods which have been introduced by Stevens present a stimulating program for the behavioral sciences and they open a new frontiere to the positive knowledge.
2. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 1 > Issue: 2
Ubiratan D’Ambrosio A Methodology for Ethnoscience: the Need for Alternative Epistemologies
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In this paper it is assumed a broad conceptualization of Science which allows far looking into common practices which are apparently unstructured forms of knowledge. This result from a concept of culture which is the result of an hierarchization of behavior. In this theoretical framewark the concept of ethnoscience is analysed.
3. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 1 > Issue: 2
Carlos Minguez Euler y Kant: EI espacio absoluto (1)
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Behind a succinct account about Euler and his connection with the philosophy, on show forth his arguments for to prove the effective existence of the absolute space in the Mechanica sive motus scientia (1736) and in the Reflexions sur l’espace et le temps (1748). These works constitute the Euler’s first approximation in defence of the doctrine of space held by Newton, and against: the Metaphysicians(Leibniz, Berkeley). This paper point at the possible ascendancy about Kant, especially in Von de m ersten Grunde des Unterschiedes der Gegenden im Raume (1768).
4. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 1 > Issue: 2
José M. Sanchez-Ron Physics and Philosophy: Action at a Distance in 20th Century Physics
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In this paper I review the different opinions held by scientists and philosophers as regards the status of the action-at-a-distance concept within relativistic physics. It is shown that in spite of the fact that the prevailing opinion has been that special relativity precludes actions at a distance, some important physicists have continued employing that concept throughout the present century. The key to understand that “anomalous” behaviour lies, in fact, in the relationships existent between quantum and classical physics (“inverse” principle of correspondence).
5. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 1 > Issue: 2
Eduardo Bustos EI ámbito de la pragmática
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Pragmatics is the theory of conversation; more specifically, pragmatics is the discipline that studies linguistic rationality. This concept has to be interpreted as the instrumental coherence betweencommunicative goals and means. Therefore, pragmatics is essentially about the relations of relevance between utterances and contexts, understanding these as sets of beliefs held by the speaker and eventually shared by the hearer, and not as the set of objective features surrounding communicative interaction.
6. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 1 > Issue: 2
Fernando Broncano La observación y el realismo
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This paper offers an account of observation from a realist view. Observation is considered here as a process of information gathering from the environment; the performance of which will be more or less succesfull depending on the theories underlying this process.
7. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 1 > Issue: 2
Gérold Stahl La justification aristotélicienne de BARBARA ACP
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A new essay to analyse the demonstration which Aristotle gave of Barbara ACP (first premise “actual”, second premise “contingent”, conclusion “possible”) is realized with the techniques of mathematicallogic. The critical points (conclusion “possible” from two premises “possible”, problem de dicto - de re, etc) are indicated; based on them it is considered that Aristotle’s proof is not conclusive.
8. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 1 > Issue: 2
María Manzano Formalización en teoría de tipos del predicado de existencia de Mario Bunge
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Professor Bunge makes the distinction between the logical concept of existence and the ontological one. I agree with him and in this paper I am formalizing his existence predicate into the powerful language of type theory.I am also proving the logical equivalence of this for mulation with a briefer one, which says that to exist conceptually is the same as to be a conceptual object. Accordingly, from this point on I investigate what conceptual objects are. I reach the conclusion that it is better to study a restricted area each time, where existence could even be assigned in different degrees. For instance, in set theory -like in Animal Farm of Orwell every set exists but so me “exist more” than others. Of course, in relating degrees of existence to degrees of definability I am not following Bunge.
9. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 1 > Issue: 2
Dora Sanchez Garcia Definición de la norma verdadera
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In this article, we will concentrate on the two true norm definitions that have existed throughout the history of the Deontic Logic: that offered by Professor Kalinowski and that proposed by the semantics of possible worlds. The former is based on Tarski’s definition of the true proposition, but it has the drawback of depending on a concrete, philosophical theory concerning the nature of norms. The latter, widely accepted nowadays, presents difficulties which we will analyse, using as a reference, K. Solt’s critique. Despite its limitations, it offers the indisputable advantage of being independant of any concrete, philosophical option, and indicates, in our opinion, the correct way of proceeding.
erratas
10. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 1 > Issue: 2
Fe De Erratas
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