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Displaying: 1-10 of 124 documents


editorial
1. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 1 > Issue: 3
Nuestro primer ano. THEORIA
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estudios
2. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 1 > Issue: 3
León Olive Representación y resistencia al cambio científico
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In this paper, some theoretical problems about a relevant conceptualization helpful to understand resistance to scientific and technological change are discussed. An interpretative perspective is developed, and some concepts are elucidated, according to which certain processes become scientific changes because, among other things, but in a fundamental way, they are constituted as changes by members of a community. Certain cognitive processes are typified as “scientific”, “technological” and “scientific-technological”, and the importance of their relationship to processes of exploitation is stressed. It is suggested that resistance to changes increases and becomes more problematic when less exploitation is involved in the changes, i.e. when the processes are closer to what here is called scientific, rather than technological or scientific-technological knowledge. Some exampIes are drawn from the history of science to illustrate these ideas.
3. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 1 > Issue: 3
Jerzy Wroblewski Problems of Ontological Complexity of Law
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There are five basic types of ontology of law identified in relation with the singling out simpIe ontological objects in a strong or weak sense, dualist ontological objects, and complex ontalogical objects in a strong or weak sense. The conceptians of law far mulated in the theories/philosophies/ of law are ascribed to these five types.
4. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 1 > Issue: 3
Jean-Blaise Grize Preuves et raisons
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In this paper everyday reasoning is examined fromm the standpoint of natural logic. In natural logic there is the supposition of the concept of schematisation, i.e. the discursive representation of a situation that a speaker A constructs for a listener B and that B must reconstruct for himself.Under these circumstances, in order to prove that a statement s is true A must present it in such a way that B does not call it into question, that he considers it a fact. For this it is necessary to have proofs. Moreover, a fact is never isolated and it may therefore appear inconsistent with other facts. A is thus led to provide reasons in order to substantiate his statements.Some mechanisms of proofs and of reasons are investigated.
5. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 1 > Issue: 3
Andrés Rivadulla Empirismo y normatividad en filosofía de la ciencia
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This paper concerns the question whether the rational reconstruction of science provided by the philosophy of science is partly descriptive and partly normative task. To this respect we offer a general characterization of the concept of science and observe then briefly the relations between the history and the philosophy of science. The widely extended view that there cannot be a history of science without an underIying philosophy suggests the problem whether it can exist a rational reconstruction of science independently from any theory about the science. On the answer to this question depends that we could conceive the philosophy of science as a discipline which combines descriptive (or empirical) with normative eIements.
6. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 1 > Issue: 3
Federico Grafe, Juan Urrutia Metodología dei punto fijo
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The starting point of the paper is the explicit recognition that the prevalent methodology among economists -namely popperian falsacionism- does not reconstruct as rational the central part of the work of the majority of them. The main thrust of the paper is doublefold. First, a new methodology -abstracted from the analysis of the core of Economic Theory- is proposed which enlarges the scope of rationality in Economics. Second, this new methodology -dubbed the Fix Point Methodology- is posited as a general scientific one. As such it opens new vistas on Truth, specially the conjecture that Reality is a changing entity and the consequent call for professional honesty.
7. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 1 > Issue: 3
Luis Vega La historia de la Lógica como una historia por hacer
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The main aims of this paper are two: first, to show that the current situation of History of Logic is far from being satisfactory, and second, to put forward a programme for its improvement. To this end it is as well, I think, to take into account a new conceptual and historiographical approach to growth of Iogic as a discipline, some basic notions in this regard -e.g., the notion of being a contribution to develop ment of Iogic-, and some others compIementary aspects, commonly neglected by the History of Logic scholars.
8. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 1 > Issue: 3
Mauricio Beuchot Sobre algunos claroscuros de la reflexión metacientífica aristotélica
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The aim of this paper is to highlight the main features of the philosophy of science that are present in Aristotle’s Posterior Analytics. At the same time I attempt to point out some obscure proposals within his metascientific theory and (hypothetically) to distinguish certain aspects in which the Aristotelian Model of science has become inapplicable nowadays.
9. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 1 > Issue: 3
Miguel Sánchez-Mazas Le programme “Ars judicandi”
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notas
10. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 1 > Issue: 3
Constancio de Castro Aguirre Comentario a Yosu Yurramendi
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