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  • Issue: 1/2/3

Displaying: 1-10 of 45 documents


editorial
1. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 3 > Issue: 1/2/3
Miguel Sánchez-Mazas Las Jornadas Internacionales de San Sebastián
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estudios
2. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 3 > Issue: 1/2/3
Carlos E. Alchourron, Antonio A. Martino Lógica sin verdad
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1. EI dilema de Jørgensen. 2. La salución propuesta. 3. Breve historia de un prejudicio filosófico. 4. Normas sin lógica (o los precios ontológicos). 4.1. Imperativos sin lógica. 4.2. Normas y proposicienesnormativas. 4.3. Proposiciones normativas y normas verdaderas. 4.4. Mundos posibles. 4.5. Validez e invalidez. 4.6. La racionalidad del legislador. 5. La noción abstracta, sintáctica y semántica de consecuencia. 5.1. La noción abstracta de consecuencia. 5.2. La noción sintáctica de consecuencia. 5.3. La noción semántica de consecuencia. 5.4. EI sentido dado por las reglas de uso en un contexto. 5.5. Qué operadores para la lógica. 5.6. Solo en un contexto la parte cobra sentido. 6. La lógica deóntica. 7. De donde la solución del dilema interesa a toda la lógica. 8. Consecuendas para la informática.
3. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 3 > Issue: 1/2/3
Georges Kalinowski Sur l’analogie entre le déontique et l’aléthique: Logique des normes, logique déontique et leur analogie avec la logique modale alethique
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Since Leibniz, the logic of norms is founded on the analogy between the deontic and the alethic. Nevertheless, von Wright, creator of the deontic logic -firstly logic of norms, afterwards logic of normative statements-, holds this analogy responsible for the misadventures of the deontic logic. Now it is not responsible, but only limited so that the miscarriages in question are imputable solely to the overstepping of its limits.
4. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 3 > Issue: 1/2/3
Lorenzo Peña Un enfoque no-clásico de varias antinomias deónticas
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Three (apparent ) deontic antinomies are discussed: the paradoxes of the watchman and the praiser, as weIl as deontic dilemmas. A paraconsistent deontic logic, Ad, is put forward whose underlying 1st-order calculus is an infinite-valued tensorial logic. Several arguments are offered bearing out be existence of deontic contradictions, while two ways of dealing with conditional obligation paradoxes within the framework of Ad are canvassed. While the aggregation rule and the ought-implies-can principle are upheld, sundry schemata are shown not to obtain which involve iterated deontic operators (most conspicuously: that whatever ought to be obligatory is obligatory; and that it is obligatory that whatever ought to be the case should in fact be the case).
5. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 3 > Issue: 1/2/3
Aulis Aarnio On Legal Reasoning as Practical Reasoning
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6. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 3 > Issue: 1/2/3
Juan José Gil Cremades DeI paradigma deI “mal legislador” al paradigma deI “mal juez”
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7. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 3 > Issue: 1/2/3
Hélène Bauer-Bernit Droit, langues et représentation des connaissances
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The connection between law, language and knowledge representation is evoked in its theoretical framework, in the light of recent developments in linguistics, philosophy, theory of law and congnitivescience on wich artificial intelligence is based. The conditions and limitations of the modelisation of law are examined. Conclusions are draw concerning the feasibility; usefulness and limitations of “trans-frontier” expert-systems.
8. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 3 > Issue: 1/2/3
François Paychere Sémiotique et Droit: Exercice de lecture
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Language and judicial activities are both signs of the existence of a society. There is, therefore, good reason for a dialogue between the science of language and the science of law. This article applies a linguistic theory of the Paris School (semiotics) to the examination of a legal text, namely a contract. The author points to some eIements shared by legal and other texts, and demonstrates how a semiotic interpretation can provide interesting and unexpected insights into the deeper levels of a legal text. He concludes that a similar approach could fruitfully be used with other types of legal text.
9. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 3 > Issue: 1/2/3
Victoria Iturralde Elementos semántico-sintácticos de indeterminación de los enunciados normativos en el lenguaje legal.
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The aim of this paper is to account for the indeterminacy of legal texts brought about by the peculiarities of the language in which they are formulated. From the start, I asume that legal language is a special language, that is, it is an ordinary language with some specific semantical features. On this assumption, the semantical features of legal texts and the syntactycal ones are dealt with separately. In this account, however, I omit the pragmatical function of such language. Concerning the semantical features that give rise to indeterminacy, I deal on the one hand, with the problems raised from legal terms in general, and the other hand, with the problems raised from terms expressing deontic relations at their deep structure. To conclude, an analysis of ambiguity derived from the syntactycal structure of legal sentences is proposed, on the basis of several exampIes.
10. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 3 > Issue: 1/2/3
Roberto José Vernengo Categorías teóricas en el lenguaje jurídico y su formalización
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Any formalization of legal texts requires not only a syntactical and semantical analysis, but also a pragmatical approach. There are some difficulties in the formalization of legal pragmatics. Legal theory acknowledges that legal languages are contaminated with value expressions and their ideological linguistic context. The theoretical categories introduced by legal scientist according to traditional, but also culturally variable criteria, are necessary for the construction of legal text (in their prescriptive version), but nearly always they are implicitly used and not explicitly mentioned. Kelsenian and Hohfeldian categories are exempIes of not equivalent classificatory criteria. The problem, for any attempted automated analysis of legal languages, is also how to introduce in the logical and algorithmic schemes used in computation, symbolic eIements taking into account those not explicit categorial-forms.