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in memoriam
1. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 5 > Issue: 1/2
Juan Igartua Salaverría JERZY WROBLEWSKI
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estudios
2. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 5 > Issue: 1/2
Leila C. Puga, Newton C. A. da Costa, Roberto J. Vernengo Derecho, moral y preferencias valorativas
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3. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 5 > Issue: 1/2
Josep Aguiló Regla Lenguaje jurídico, lenguaje documental y tesauro
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The aim of this paper is twofold. On the one hand, it tries to analyze and sistematize some of the concepts used when approaching the linguislic problems concerning the legal documentation automatic systems: legal language, documentary language, linguistic coordination (a priori and a posteriori) and thesaurus. On the other hand, it intends to carry out a detailed study of the legal thesauri, focusingbasicany on its t wo structural elements: the vocabulary and the paradigmatic relationships.
4. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 5 > Issue: 1/2
Miguel Espinoza Critique de la science anti-substantialiste
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A negative conclusion, like R. Feynman’s sentence “nature is uncomprehensible”, forces us to examine the value of contemporary science from the point of view of understanding. As a contribution to this task, I criticize some of the philosophical presuppositions of experimentalism. Then I try to place some stepping stones towards metaphysics, conceived as a rational extension of science, and devoted to the search for intelligibility.
5. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 5 > Issue: 1/2
Jean-François le Ny Cognitive Science and Semantic Representations
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The main task of Cognitive Science is to construct concepts and models that would be superordinate to knowledge in the various particular cognitive sciences. In particular, one major objective is to formulate a hypergeneral description of representations that could encompass all descriptions given in subordinate domains.A first basic distinction is between natural and rational representations, i.e. given mental entities and representations that are governed by prescriptive rules coming from logical or scientific thought. In addition, representations must be described in respect to several sources of variability, which are tentatively listed here.Description of natural representations is based on a distinction between taken representations, which are mental events, and type representations, which are lasting structures registered in memory. The connection between them can be modelled through the concept of activation.One advantage of activation models is their large compatibilty, not only with experimental evidence in cognitive psychology, but also with facts and hypotheses in neurosciences, and programming modes or requirements in artificial intelligence. Comprehension of natural language is a highly representative domain in this respect, which exemplifies the power of these concepts.
6. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 5 > Issue: 1/2
Joan Mascaró, Gemma Rigau Modularity in Cognition: The case of phonetic and semantic interpretation of empty elements
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In this paper, we offer an argument in favor of the modular character of mind, based on a more detailed proof of the modular character of the linguistic capacity: in comparing the properties of different components of grammar in a specific area we will draw general consequences about the properties of the cognitive system. More specifically, we analyze and compare the properties, in logical form (LF)and in phonology, of “empty eIements” - eIements that are “visible” or “full” at some level of representation, but not at another level.Our analysis shows that empty eIements are governed at LF by principIes on variables. binding conditions, and thematic principles, that relate eIements at a distance. In phonology, on the other hand, empty elements, i.e., empty segments and empty properties, can be obtaines by deletion and are governed by very different principles (underspecification, principles relating to recoverability of deletion effects), andthese principles relates eIements under strict adjacency. In addition, when a principle seems to be operating in a similar fashion in both components, as in the case of the Projection Principle, it involves lexical properties, which are properties affecting all components. We conclude, hence, that grammar is a modular system, with different components following different principles but related of course, among other things, by the properties of lexical structure.It follows from this analysis that a theory that views language as part of a homogeneous cognitive capacity cannot be mantained: cognition cannot be nonmodular in a strict sense, since a subpart of it, the linguistic capacity is modular itself. We conclude also that the linguistic capacity being modular, we ean only expect that, when studied in more detail, other cognitive capacities will be shown to differ intheir structure still more from the language system.
7. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 5 > Issue: 1/2
Miguel de Asúa, Gregorio Klimovsky Ensayo de axiomatización de la teoría tisular y su reducción a la teoría celular
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The conceptual framework of this paper is the structural conception of theories as formulated by Sneed-Stegmüller. We present an informal set-theoretical axiomatization of M. F. Xavier Bichat’s theory of the constitution of the organism, which conceived the tissue as the ultimate constitutive element of the living beings, and a reformulation of our previous axiomatization of the cell theory. We propose a tentative relation of reduction between both theories which possibilitates the derivation of the axioms of the tissue theory from those of the cell theory. The limits and problems of the axiomatization are discussed and brief reference is being made to some historical aspects of the reception of the cell theory.
8. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 5 > Issue: 1/2
Achim Jäckel Das neurophysiologische korrelat des induktiven Denkens
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This paper presents a new theory of connection between neurophysiological facts and the psychological inductive method. Based on the nature of synaptic transmission as a fundamental principle, this theory offers an explanation of abstraction, inductive thinking and any form of learning.
9. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 5 > Issue: 1/2
Wenceslao J. González Semántica anti-realista: Intuicionismo matemático y concepto de verdad
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Among the philosophical problems recently discussed, the question on the anti-realist semantic is outstanding. Its origin arises when M. Dummett tries a Wittgenstenian interpretation of the Intuitionistic Mathematics. He uses the concept of justification as the key concept - understood as proof or verification -, and it faces up to a realistic view centred in the notion of truth. But, carefully analized, it shows a clear vulnerability, while the realistic position has got serious eIements on its favour, and so it is recognized by the supporter of the opposite point of view. Thus, the notion of truth cannot be disregarded.
10. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 5 > Issue: 1/2
Haroldo G. Hack, Aifredo L. González, Pedro J. Catuogno Una semántica computacional deI idioma español usando las teorías de R. Montague
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Montague’s theory of language is used to present a formal system that can be impIemented directly using PROLOG to obtain a semantic interpreter capable of analysing an im portant fragment of the Spanish language.
11. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 5 > Issue: 1/2
Miguel Sánchez-Mazas Théories syllogistiques et déontiques analysées comme structures algébriques: de Leibniz á Łukasiewicz et Von Wright
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12. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 5 > Issue: 1/2
José M. Méndez Exhaustively axiomatizing RMO with an appropiate extension of Anderson and Belnap’s “strong and natural list of valid entailments”
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RMO -> is the result of adding the ‘mingle principle’ (viz. A-> (A -> A)) to Anderson and Belnap’s implicative logic of relevance R->. The aim of this paper is to provide all possible axiomatizations with independent axioms of RMO -> formulable with Anderson and Belnap’s list extended with three characteristic minglish principles.
13. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 5 > Issue: 1/2
Francisco Parra Luna Hacia un replanteamiento epistemológico deI problema del paro en España
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Unemployment is not only an economic problem, but a complex axiological one, the understanding of which cannot be envisaged without dealing with all the social, economic, political and institutional causes. Unemploy ment in Spain is so high (18% of Active Population). That its solution needs other ways out than those sustained by traditional economicist approaches based mainly on neoliberal economic growth. To be more specific, Spain suffers from three axiological desequilibria (more unemployment, less public services and infraestructures, and less tax preasure) which adequate integrationand optimization could solve, not the problem wholely, but at least, by bringing Spain into line with the European rate.
14. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 5 > Issue: 1/2
Mariano Hormigón La pesada herencia deo la libertad matemática
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The debate between the pure or fundamentalist branch of mathematics and the applied one induces to discuss dispassionately the links between the queen of sciences and the development of technology. To avoid the existing difficulty in separating the concrete daily problems from the conceptual and theoretic reflections, it generally produces good results to show some elements of the relations between mathematics and teehnology. The autonomous position, which characterizes the mathematics of absolute freedom, clashes with the quick development of technology, which creates a new structure of mathematics. This development produces a pennanent interrogation about what is building and developing anyone who calls himself a mathematician.
libros y revistas
15. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 5 > Issue: 1/2
A. Arrieta, M. Hermo Structural complexity I.
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16. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 5 > Issue: 1/2
Kepa Korta Generalized quantifiers: linguistic and logical approaches
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17. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 5 > Issue: 1/2
José L. Gil de Pareja Aspectos metodológicos de la investigación cientifica: Un enfoque multidisciplinar
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18. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 5 > Issue: 1/2
Juan Carlos Martínez Álgebras de Boole y Lógica
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19. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 5 > Issue: 1/2
Jesús Alcolea Banegas Lógica formal: su alcance y sus Iímites
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20. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 5 > Issue: 1/2
Jesús María Larrazábal, Arantza Zatarain Foundations of Logic Programming
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