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Displaying: 1-13 of 13 documents


monographic section
1. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 25 > Issue: 2
Mireia López Editor's Introduction
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2. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 25 > Issue: 2
Sergi Oms Truth-Functional and Penumbral Intuitions
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Two of the main intuitions that underlie the phenomenon of vagueness are the truth-functional and the penumbral intuitions. After presenting and contrasting them, I will put forward Tappenden's gappy approach to vagueness (which takes into account the truth-functional intuition). I will contrast Tappenden'sview with another of the theories of vagueness that see it as a semantic phenomenon: Supervaluationism (which takes into account the penumbral intuition). Then I will analyze some objections to Tappenden's approach and some objections to Supervaluationism. Finally, I will present my own worries about Tappenden's account.
3. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 25 > Issue: 2
Gonçalo Santos A Not So Fine Version of Generality Relativism
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The generality relativist has been accused of holding a self-defeating thesis. Kit Fine proposed a modal version of generality relativism that tries to resist this claim. We discuss his proposal and argue that one of its formulations is self-defeating.
4. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 25 > Issue: 2
Alfredo Tomasetta Counting Possibilia
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Timothy Williamson supports the thesis that every possible entity necessarily exists and so he needs to explain how a possible son of Wittgenstein’s, for example, exists in our world: he exists as a merely possible object (MPO), a pure locus of potential. Williamson presents a short argument for the existence of MPOs: how many knives can be made by fitting together two blades and two handles? Four: two, at the most, are concrete objects, the others being merely possible knives and merely possible objects. This paper defends the idea that one can avoid reference and ontological commitment to MPOs. My proposal is that MPOs can be dispensed with by using the notion of ‘rule of an art’. I first present a solution according to which we count instructions describing physical combinations between components. This account, however, is not completely satisfactory and I claim that one can find a better one: in answering Williamson’s question, we count classes of possible worlds in which the same instance of a general rule is applied.
5. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 25 > Issue: 2
Fiora Salis Fictional Reports: A Study on the Semantics of Fictional Names
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Against standard descriptivist and referentialist semantics for fictional reports, I will defend a view according to which fictional names do not refer yet they can be distinguished from one another by virtue of their different name-using practices. The logical structures of sentences containing fictional names inherit these distinctions. Different interpretations follow.
6. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 25 > Issue: 2
Marta Jorba Is There A Specific Experience of Thinking?
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In this paper I discuss whether there is a specific experience of thinking or not. I address this question by analysing if it is possible to reduce the phenomenal character of thinking to the phenomenal character of sensory experiences. My purpose is to defend that there is a specific phenomenality for at least somethinking mental states. I present Husserl's theory of intentionality in the Logical Investigations as a way to defend this claim and I consider its assumptions. Then I present the case of understanding as a paradigmatic case for the phenomenal contrast argument and I defend it against two objections.
7. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 25 > Issue: 2
Marc Artiga Learning and Selection Processes
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In this paper I defend a teleological explanation of normativity, i. e., I argue that what an organism (or device) is supposed to do is determined by its etiological function. In particular, I present a teleological account of the normativity that arises in learning processes, and I defend it from some objections.
8. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 25 > Issue: 2
Miroslav Imbrisevic The Consent Solution to Punishment and the Explicit Denial Objection
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Recently, David Boonin has put forward several objections to Carlos S. Nino's 'Consensual Theory of Punishment'. In this paper I will defend Nino against the 'explicit denial objection'. I will discuss whether Boonin's interpretation of Nino as a tacit consent theorist is right. I will argue that the offender's consent is neither tacit nor express, but a special category of implicit consent. Further, for Nino the legal-normative consequences of an act (of crime) are 'irrevocable', i.e. one cannot (expressly and successfully) deny liability to them. I will suggest an explanation for Nino's irrevocability claim.
articles
9. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 25 > Issue: 2
Larrie D. Ferreiro The Aristotelian Heritage in Early Naval Architecture, From the Venice Arsenal to the French Navy, 1500-1700
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This paper examines the Aristotelian roots of the mechanics of naval architecture, beginning with Mechanical Problems, through its various interpretations by Renaissance mathematicians including Vettor Fausto and Galileo at the Venice Arsenal, and culminating in the first synthetic works of naval architecture by theFrench navy professor Paul Hoste at the end of the seventeenth century.
book reviews
10. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 25 > Issue: 2
El giro pictórico. Epistemología de la imagen
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11. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 25 > Issue: 2
Lino Camprubí Ciencia y fascismo. La ciencia de posguerra española
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12. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 25 > Issue: 2
Juan Carlos Hernandez-Clemente Vidas y muertes de Luis Martín Santos
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13. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 25 > Issue: 2
Summary
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