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articles
1. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 34 > Issue: 1
Paula Olmos Un enfoque argumentativo sobre la abducción y sobre la ponderación de hipótesis explicativas
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This paper makes use of the concepts and theoretical framework developed within the field of Argumentation Theory to account for the structure and characteristics of abduction and of the comparative processes of weighing explanatory hypothesis. It elaborates an analysis of abduction based on its consideration as a meta-explanatory argumentation scheme while elucidating its relations with abductive reasoning and inference. The conceptualization of comparative processes of weighing explanatory hypothesis as complex and varied argumentative structures is presented as an alternative to the idea of «inference to the best explanation».
2. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 34 > Issue: 1
Luca Forgione Kant, the transcendental designation of I, and the direct reference theory
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The aim of this paper is to address the semantic issue of the nature of the representation I and of the transcendental designation, i.e., the self-referential apparatus involved in transcendental apperception. The I think, the bare or empty representation I, is the representational vehicle of the concept of transcendental subject; as such, it is a simple representation. The awareness of oneself as thinking is only expressed by the I: the intellectual representation which performs a referential function of the spontaneity of a thinking subject. To begin with, what exactly does Kant mean when he states that I is a simple and empty representation? Secondly, can the features of the representation I and the correlative transcendental designation explain the indexical nature of the I? Thirdly, do the Kantian considerations on indexicality anticipate any of the semantic elements or, if nothing else, the spirit of the direct reference theory?
3. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 34 > Issue: 1
Esther Romero, Belén Soria Semantic content and compositional context-sensitivity
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A variety of theorists have recently argued against the explanation of the semantic content of a sentence as a minimal proposition claiming that intentional aspects of the context are often needed to obtain a minimal proposition. Minimalists such as Borg, however, still defend intention-insensitive minimal propositions for sentences in a narrow context and provide solutions or dissolutions against incompleteness objections. In this paper, we show that these putative defences of propositionalism do not serve to avoid some additional genuine objections which arise from compositional context-sensitivity. We aim to show that there are complex expressions which compositionally demand intention-sensitive pragmatic effects in a mandatory way and, for that reason, they provide us with evidence against the type of propositionalism that substantiates the defence of semantic minimalism.
4. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 34 > Issue: 1
Víctor Fernández Castro Justification, conversation, and folk psychology
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The aim of this paper is to offer a version of the so-called conversational hypothesis of the ontogenetic connection between language and mindreading (Harris 1996, 2005; Van Cleave and Gauker 2010; Hughes et al. 2006). After arguing against a particular way of understanding the hypothesis (the communicative view), I will start from the justificatory view in philosophy of social cognition (Andrews 2012; Hutto 2004; Zawidzki 2013) to make the case for the idea that the primary function of belief and desire attributions is to justify and normalize deviant patterns of behaviour. Following this framework, I elaborate upon the idea that development of folk psychological skills requires the subjects to engage in conversationally mediated joint and cooperative activities in order to acquire the conceptual capacity of ascribing propositional attitudes. After presenting the general version of the hypothesis, I present several testable sub-hypotheses and some psychological studies that give empirical plausibility to the hypothesis.
5. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 34 > Issue: 1
Sergio Daniel Barberis Wiring optimization explanation in neuroscience: What is special about it?
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This paper examines the explanatory distinctness of wiring optimization models in neuroscience. Wiring optimization models aim to represent the organizational features of neural and brain systems as optimal (or near-optimal) solutions to wiring optimization problems. My claim is that that wiring optimization models provide design explanations. In particular, they support ideal interventions on the decision variables of the relevant design problem and assess the impact of such interventions on the viability of the target system.
6. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 34 > Issue: 1
Daniel Blanco, Santiago Ginnobili, Pablo Lorenzano La capacidad unificadora de las teorías científicas: Una propuesta alternativa desde el estructuralismo metateórico al enfoque kitchereano de patrones explicativos
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Kitcher has satisfactorily explicated unification using his particular approach to scientific explanation. However, we believe that his perspective has certain problems, which have been inherited by more recent approaches to the topic. Specifically, the requirement of stringency of patterns that Kitcher proposes to determine the unifying power of an explanatory pattern undermines the typical and peculiar heterogeneity we can find in different applications of unifying theories. We will show how this topic can be better addressed by the perspective built by metatheoretical structuralism without sacrificing any of Kitcher’s correct intuitions.
7. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 34 > Issue: 1
Jesús Zamora Bonilla The market for scientific lemons, and the marketization of science
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Scientific research is based on the division of cognitive labour: every scientist has to trust that other colleagues have checked whether the items that are taken as knowledge, and she cannot check by herself, are reliable enough. I apply ideas from the field known as ‘information economics’ (the study of economic interactions where some agents are better informed than others) to analyse the scientists’ incentives to produce items of knowledge of an ‘adequate’ quality, under the assumption that a big part of what one observes in her empirical research is not available for the readers of the paper. I also discuss some criticisms to this ‘marketization’ of science studies.
book reviews
8. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 34 > Issue: 1
Blake C. Stacey Olimpia Lombardi, Sebastian Fortin, Federico Holik and Cristian Lopez, eds. 2017. What is Quantum Information?
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9. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 34 > Issue: 1
Summary
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10. Theoria. Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia: Volume > 34 > Issue: 1
Referees for THEORIA (2017-2018)
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