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Displaying: 1-10 of 24 documents


1. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology: Volume > 3 > Issue: 4
Kim Alaine Rathman Sharing the Harvest of the Skies: Outer Space Commercialization and Third World Development
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2. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology: Volume > 3 > Issue: 4
Sytse Strijbos Ethics and the Systematic Character of Modern Technology
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A distinguishing feature of today’s world is that technology has built the house in which humanity lives. More and more, our lives are lived within the confines of its walls. Yet this implies that technology entails far more than the material artifacts surrounding us. Technology is no longer simply a matter of objects in the hands of individuals; it has become a very complex system in which our everyday lives are embedded. The systemic character of modern technology confronts us with relatively new questions and dimensions of human responsibility. Hence this paper points out the need for exploring systems ethics as a new field of ethics essential for managing our technological world and for transforming it into a sane and healthy habitat for human life. Special attention is devoted to the introduction of information technology, which will continue unabated into coming decades and which is already changing our whole world of technology.
3. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology: Volume > 3 > Issue: 4
Stanley R. Carpenter Sustainability and Common-Pool Resources Alternatives to Tragedy
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The paradox that individually rational actions collectively can lead to irrational outcomes is exemplified in human appropriation of a class of goods known as "common-pool resources" ("CPR"): natural or humanly created resource systems which are large enough to make it costly to exclude potential beneficiaries. Appropriations of common-pool resources for private use tend toward abusive practices that lead to the loss of the resource in question: the tragedy of thecommons. Prescriptions for escape from tragedy have involved two institutions, each applied largely in isolation from the other: private markets (the "hidden hand") and government coercion (Leviathan). Yet examples exist of local institutions that have utilized mixtures of public and private practices and have survived for hundreds of years.Two problems further exacerbate efforts to avoid the tragic nature of common-pool resource use. One, given the current level of knowledge, the role of the resource is not recognized for what it is. It is, thus, in a fundamental, epistemological sense invisible. Two, if the resource is recognized, it may not be considered scarce, thus placing it outside the scrutiny of economic theory. Both types of error are addressed by the emerging field of ecological economics.This paper discusses common pool resources, locates the ambiguities that make their identification difficult, and argues that avoidance of a CPR loss is inadequately addressed by sharply separated market and state institutions. When the resource is recognized for what it is, a common-pool good, which is subject to overexploitation, it may be possible to identify creative combinations of public and private institutions that can combine to save that resource. Disparate examples of self-organized enterprises, public/private utilities, and "green" taxes, to name a few, provide empirical content for developing theories of self-organized collective action.
4. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology: Volume > 3 > Issue: 4
Larry A. Hickman Four Effects of Technology
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5. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology: Volume > 3 > Issue: 4
Hans Lenk Distributability Problems and Challenges to the Future Resolution of Responsibility Conflicts
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6. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology: Volume > 3 > Issue: 3
Davis Baird Encapsulating Knowledge: The Direct Reading Spectrometer
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7. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology: Volume > 3 > Issue: 3
Anne Fitzpatrick Teller’s Technical Nemesis: The American Hydrogen Bomb and Its Development within a Technological Infrastructure
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8. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology: Volume > 3 > Issue: 3
Peter Kroes Technological Explanations: The Relation between Structure and Function of Technological Objects
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9. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology: Volume > 3 > Issue: 3
Joseph C. Pitt Explaining Change in Science
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10. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology: Volume > 3 > Issue: 3
Michael Seltzer The Technological Infrastructure of Science: Comments on Baird, Fitzpatrick and Pitt
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