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Displaying: 1-12 of 12 documents


1. Social Theory and Practice: Volume > 40 > Issue: 1
Roberto Frega The Normative Creature: Toward a Practice-Based Account of Normativity
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In this paper I offer a first account of a practice-based conception of normativity for the political domain. This standpoint is used to relocate the most sophisticated normative practices of justification and critique within an experience-based framework, that of the human being as a “normative creature.” I begin by discussing the two major paradigms in political theory, showing that their neglect of this broad framework of normativity is a serious drawback. I then proceed to articulate the central elements of a practicebased account of normativity: the notions of normative practices and normative orders, and an account of the rationality potential of normativity as practice.
2. Social Theory and Practice: Volume > 40 > Issue: 1
S. D. John Risk, Contractualism, and Rose's "Prevention Paradox"
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Geoffrey Rose’s prevention paradox points to a tension between two prima facie plausible moral principles: that we should save the greater number and that weshould save the most at risk. This paper argues that a novel moral theory, ex-ante contractualism, captures our intuitions in many prevention paradox cases, regardless of our interpretation of probability claims. However, it goes on to show that it might be impossible to square ex-ante contractualism with all of our moral intuitions. It concludes that even if ex-ante contractualism cannot furnish an entire ethics of risk, it does identify important considerations for any such theory.
3. Social Theory and Practice: Volume > 40 > Issue: 1
Robert Jubb Participation in and Responsibility for State Injustices
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This paper discusses the criteria for acceptably holding citizens partly responsible for wrongs their state or its agents commit. Some proposed criteria are not, it argues, appropriately sensitive to the particular coercive relation between state and citizen. Others, which are, conceive of it wrongly and fail to match our judgments about a range of cases. Alternative criteria of breadth and joint authorship, built around Christopher Kutz's account of participation, better match these considered judgments as well as linking them to a more powerful theoretical framework. Understanding citizens' responsibility will mean understanding these criteria more fully.
4. Social Theory and Practice: Volume > 40 > Issue: 1
D. C. Matthew Purview and Permissibility: The Site of Justice and the Case of Private Racial Discrimination
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If there is a “basic structure objection” (BSO) to G.A. Cohen’s incentive critique of Rawls, then there is also a BSO to claims that private racial discrimination thwarts social justice by reducing the opportunity of its targets. In this paper, I take up the debate about the site or purview of justice and discuss it with reference to the case of race. I argue that the dispute about the site of justice has been wrongly understood as a dispute about the substantive requirements of justice instead of as a dispute about where it is appropriate to apply considerations of justice.
5. Social Theory and Practice: Volume > 40 > Issue: 1
Tobey Scharding Income Inequalities in a Context of Political Equality: Guaranteed Basic Income, No Guaranteed Income, or Guaranteed Work Opportunities
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This paper investigates individual differences-based income entitlements (entitlements based on people’s contributions, efforts, and needs) in a context of political equality. Three regimes for distributing income are considered: guaranteed basic income (GBI), no guaranteed income (NGI), and guaranteed work opportunities (GWO). Whereas GBI attends to equality while remaining silent on difference and NGI attends to difference while de-emphasizing equality, GWO attends to both difference and equality. Balancing individual differences and political equality is a plausible goal for distributive justice, and the GWO regime seems well suited to accommodate these joint concerns.
6. Social Theory and Practice: Volume > 40 > Issue: 1
Luara Ferracioli The Appeal and Danger of a New Refugee Convention
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It is widely held that the current refugee Convention is inadequate with respect to its specification of who counts as a refugee and in its assignment of responsibility concerning refugees to states. At the same time, there is substantial agreement among scholars that the negotiation of a new Convention would lead states to extricate themselves from previously assumed responsibilities rather than sign on to a set of more desirable legal norms. In this paper, I argue that states should ultimately negotiate a new Convention, but that first they must alleviate the institutional and motivational constraints that make progress currently unattainable.
book reviews
7. Social Theory and Practice: Volume > 40 > Issue: 1
Michael D. Burroughs Sally Haslanger, "Resisting Reality: Social Construction and Social Critique"
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8. Social Theory and Practice: Volume > 40 > Issue: 1
Tamara Metz Elizabeth Brake, "Minimizing Marriage: Marriage, Morality, and the Law"
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9. Social Theory and Practice: Volume > 40 > Issue: 1
Justin P. McBrayer, Caleb Ontiveros John Corvino, "What’s Wrong With Homosexuality?"
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10. Social Theory and Practice: Volume > 40 > Issue: 1
Samuel Fleischacker Elisabeth Ellis (ed.), "Kant’s Political Theory: Interpretations and Applications"
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11. Social Theory and Practice: Volume > 40 > Issue: 1
Kevin DeLapp Robert Audi, "Moral Perception"
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12. Social Theory and Practice: Volume > 40 > Issue: 1
Thanks to Reviewers
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